Terrorism is broadly known in the whole and has existed for several years. It can be perceived as a way of making nations or group conscious of some wants that they have to change something by making and destruction.Terrorism can be defined as the illegal usage or threatened application of force by a person or a structured group against property or individuals with the purpose of threatening societies or nations, mostly for realizing some conceptual, economical, and political motives.
During the previous years, numerous terrorist groups have come up throughout the world and it has become an international problem. Inappropriately, nations are almost unsuccessful in their efforts to resolve concerns in which terrorism are involved (Short 67). This essay discusses some of the popular causes of terrorism as well as the effects.
Causes of terrorism
According to various researches, all terrorists’ activities are driven by two things. First is social and political prejudice: individuals opt for terrorism when they attempt to correctwhat they identify to be a societal, political or historically incorrect-when theirproperties or rights have been taken or denied. Secondly is the conviction that viciousness or its hazard would be effectual in bringing change.
This expressed in another way means that terrorists believe that their actions justify the consequences. Most terrorists known in history said openly that they opted for violence after extended reflection since they sensed that they had no option. This elucidation of the causes could be complicated to understand appropriately because it sounds very simple, or excessively theoretical. Nevertheless, looking into any kind of terrorist group, these two major elements are quite evident in their stories.
Effects of terrorism
There are several effects of terrorism that are destructive in the nature. On September 11, 2001, the U.S. government experienced such activity, which can be considered as the greatest terror attack on the country. The effect that this attack had on America was unimaginable.
Thousands of people lost their lives. Besides, the attack tremendously impacted negatively on the economy, tourism industry and the overseas society. In addition, it resulted into escalation of unemployment rates. According to statistics, between that period and 2004, unemployment rates in America grew by 2%.
The number of individuals who are jobless has increased from six million in the year 2001 to eight million in the 2004. This substantial reduction is because of lack of sufficient finances to fund employees in the labor force. Furthermore, the U.S. government paid lots of money to families who lost their relatives in the terrorist attacks, which further diminished the economy intensely (Schein 87).
A part from increases in the unemployment levels and decline in the economy of a country, the other negative effects of terrorism include alteration in the GDP, increase in inflation levels, decrease in Foreign Direct Investment, poor performance in the stock markets, decrease in the worth of the local currency, increases in the government debts and increases in expenditure on defense by the government, and grave unrest and dispute amongst citizens of the country and politicians (Crenshaw 102).
Terrorism activities have increased in recent past and continue being a great threat to modern society. There are attempts by various governments to control such activities. As discussed in this essay, it is driven by two major factors: social and political injustice, and the belief that violence is effective in bringing change. The effects are destruction of properties, loss of lives and decline in the economy of a country.
Crenshaw, Martha. Terrorism in context. Pennsylvania, PA:Pennman State Press, 2010. Print
Schein, Leon. Psychological Effects of Catastrophic Disasters: Group Approaches to Treatment. New York, NY: Haworth, 2006. Print.
Short, Christine. Fortress – 2021: The Effects of Terrorism in America and Payback. S.l: Authorhouse, 2010. Print.