Although both Christianity and Islam share several ideas, nonetheless, the two religions also differ in several respects. They are both monotheist religions. They are both based on the teachings of leaders and the belief that they are also the teachings of God (Knitter 568). Christianity is the act of following Christ (Christ-like), and living like Christ did. On the other hand, Islam means total submission to God. Christianity began in early history as a sect among the Jews. It later spread to become a religion whose members were persecuted until Constantine came to power and allowed for toleration.
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About the status of women, Christian liberals and conservatives differ greatly. For example in Christianity, women may become nuns, teachers, or even pastors, in some of the congregations. On the other hand, in Islam, cultural traditions tend to impact greatly on the status of women. In some countries, women are severely oppressed. In terms of belief, Christians affirm that Christ is the chosen Messiah sent by God to redeem us from our sin so that we can be on the right path with God (Knitter 568).
In Islam however, the Muslims believe that they are united by one God. The Holy Bible is the scripture of choice for the Christians and is made up of a collection of canonical books that includes both the Old as well as the New Testament. Muslims use the Hadith and the Quran.
During the ancient period, Islam believers had to fight wars as it expanded. In the medieval period, wars were fewer and it had more followers. There were great developments such as in medicine, trade, and law, among others. In the modern age, Islam is fighting to rid itself of the “violent” tag that it has been associated with. Christians were persecuted in the ancient period but enjoyed freedom in the medieval ages. Modern Christianity has become more tolerating and still commands the biggest followers (Knitter 568).
Knitter, Paul F. Islam and Christianity Sibling Rivalries and Sibling Possibilities. Cross Currents, 59.4 (2009): 554-570.