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Climate Changes and Human Population Distribution Proposal


During the past few decades, there has been an increasing thirst for knowledge of the relationship that exists between the ever changing climatic patterns and human population distribution (Robinson 36). Various research studies have exemplified a great influence of climatic conditions on the pattern of population distributions (Cosgrove 123). Particular population distribution patterns have been associated with particular climatic conditions (Gibbs Wimberly, Madden, Masour, Yabsley and Stallknecht 76). The research proposal attempts to outline the methodology, find data, analyse data and finally seeks to determine the general relationship between the changes in climatic patterns and population distribution.

Background of the study

A life supporting environment is vital for the sustenance of human life (Haggett, 34). This, therefore, determines whether a particular group of people inhabits a particular environment or not (Stern 35). Many research activities conducted to determine the population distribution have provided stronger links between this distribution and the prevailing climatic conditions (Hales, de Wet, Maindonald and Woodward 832). Compelled by the lack of a thorough clarity on the relationship between population distribution and climatic conditions, this research proposal therefore aims at conducting the research study to determine what effects do climatic conditions have on the human population distribution (Neuman and McCormick 765).

Problem statement

Uneven population distribution across the world has been pointed out to form one of the major causes of uneven development (Johnston 23). Various threats to human life are also associated with population distribution (Knox and Marston 56). The major attempts to determine possible remedies to the perpetual problems are closely connected with human population distribution (Marston, Jones and Woodward 420). Changes in a pattern of climatic alterations have been identified as a major cause of varying human population distribution across the globe (Smith, Foote, McCoy and Adams 45). This research proposal therefore keenly analyses the effects of climatic changes on human population.

Research questions

  1. Are there any effects of changing climatic patterns on the human population distribution?
  2. Are the influences of changing climatic conditions detrimental to human life hence the migration?
  3. Do the migrants develop permanent habitats in places where climatic conditions are favourable?


  • There is a relationship between climatic patterns and the uneven population distribution across the world (Marston 42).
  • Changing climatic conditions has adverse effects on human health; hence, influences their migration (Neuman 11).
  • The largest percentage of the migrants often establishes permanent habitats in places of migration owing to favourable climatic conditions (Agnew, Livingstone and Rogers 23).


The objectives of the research proposal include:

  1. To promote understanding of the major climatic patterns of the world and their significance to human population distribution patterns.
  2. To offer knowledge on the link between the human health and climatic conditions (Walmsley and Lewis 87).
  3. To determine the significant percentage of people who are adversely affected by the perpetually changing climatic conditions across the world (McDowell 35).


This section provides an overview of the methods and techniques that will be used in the study (Massey, Allen and Sarre 33). The methodology entails research design, data sampling methods as well as analysis (Kruuk and Parish 36). The study will involve an evaluation of different changes in climate conditions and the effects associated with the changes in human population distribution. Different samples of people living under varied climatic conditions will be obtained for interviews (Winchester 52). The samples will consist of participants with different periods of residence under such climatic conditions (Winchester 26). These interviews will aim at obtaining information regarding the effects of climate on the interviewees’ lives hence their population distribution (Schaie 50). Experimental research designs such as the Latin Square Design (LSD) and Complete Randomized Design (CRD) will be used for data analysis.


Major shortcomings that this research study will face include little will from the subjects to participate in the study. Changing trends in habitation by people under different climatic conditions may affect the accuracy of the results obtained.

Works Cited

Agnew, John A., David J. Livingstone and Alisdair Rogers. Human geography: an essential anthology. New York: Wiley, 2010. Print.

Cosgrove, Denis. “Geography is everywhere: Culture and Symbolism in Human Landscapes”. Horizons in Human Geography. Ed. Derek Gregory and Rex Walford. Totowa, NJ: Barnes and Noble Books, 1989. 118-135. Print.

Gibbs, Samantha EJ, Michael C. Wimberly, Marguerite Madden, Janna Masour, Michael J. Yabsley, David E. Stallknecht. “Factors affecting the geographic distribution of West Nile virus in Georgia, USA: 2002-2004.” Vector-Borne & Zoonotic Diseases 6.1 (2006): 73-82. Print.

Haggett, Peter. Locational analysis in human geography. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1966. Print.

Hales, Simon, Neil de Wet, John Maindonald and Alistair Woodward. “Potential effect of population and climate changes on global distribution of dengue fever: an empirical model.” The Lancet 360.9336 (2002): 830-834. Print.

Johnston, Ronald John. Philosophy and human geography: an introduction to contemporary approaches. London: Edward Arnold, 1983. Print.

Knox, Paul L. and Sallie A. Marston. Places and regions in global context: human geography. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2004. Print.

Kruuk, Hans and Tim Parish. “Factors affecting population density, group size and territory size of the European badger, Meles meles.” Journal of Zoology. 96.1 (2009): 31-39. Print.

Marston, Sallie A., John Paul Jones, and Keith Woodward. “Human geography without scale.” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers. 30.4 (2005): 416-432. Print.

Massey, Doreen, John Allen and Philip Sarre. Human geography today. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1999. Print.

McDowell, Linda. Doing gender: feminism, feminists and research methods in human geography. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 1992. Print.

Neuman, Susan B and Sandra McCormick. Single-Subject Experimental Research: Applications for Literacy. Newark: International Reading Association, 1995. Print.

Neuman, William Lawrence. Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. New York: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon, 2006. Print.

Robinson, Guy M. Methods and techniques in human geography. New York: J. Wiley, 1998. Print.

Schaie, K. Warner. “Quasi-experimental research designs in the psychology of aging.” Handbook of the psychology of aging. Ed. J. E. Birren and K. W. Schaie. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1977. Print.

Smith, David. Patterns in human geography. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977. Print.

Smith, Joseph Russel, John McFarland Foote, Margaret J. McCoy and Edwin Adams. Human geography. vol. 2. New York: John C. Winston Co., 1922, Print.

Stern, Nicholas. Stern Review: The economics of climate change. vol. 30. London: HM treasury, 2006. Print.

Walmsley, Jim and Gareth J. Lewis. People and environment: behavioural approaches in human geography. Oxford: Longman Scientific & Technical, 1993. Print.

Winchester, Hilary and Hay, I. “Qualitative research and its place in human geography.” in Qualitative research methods in human geography 3rd ed. Canada: Oxford University Group, 2010. Print.

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IvyPanda. 2020. "Climate Changes and Human Population Distribution." September 5, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/climate-changes-and-human-population-distribution/.


IvyPanda. (2020) 'Climate Changes and Human Population Distribution'. 5 September.

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