Teacher is responsible for creating an effective classroom for elementary students.
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Teacher is the first person to give children basic knowledge on diversity issues and to train them on social inclusion. One of the primary responsibilities is to encourage and promote student’s thinking abilities. It can be achieved through activities requiring participation. For example, a teacher can tell students a short story and ask them to express their opinion. This activity helps to develop critical thinking abilities as well as to encourage active participation of all students. All children should have an opportunity to share their thoughts.
Moreover, the teacher should motivate students to be tolerant towards opinions of others.
Greater student success can be achieved through fair reward system. In particular, every time the teacher gives an assignment, every student who managed to accomplish it should be rewarded. Moreover, it is vital to encourage those students who failed to accomplish their assignments. Teacher is responsible for rewarding efforts as well. Thus, when students feel that their work brings results, they are more motivated to perform better. The following activity could be proposed: the teacher gives students an assignment to write a short story about their family. Children should not be limited by length of time. Next, every student should have an opportunity to read aloud his story. Finally, a teacher should reward all students verbally for the work they have done.
In addition, the teacher is responsible for social and emotional development of the students. The most effective activity to ensure social development is working in groups. The teacher should create an assignment and divide students into several groups (no more than 3-5 groups).
It is vital to explain what students are expected to achieve and to ensure that every student understands what he or she should do as a team member. Moreover, the teacher should motivate students to cooperate with each other. For example, the teacher should say that the all members of the best team will be rewarded equally. Group activities help students to achieve greater success as well as to develop social skills.
Emotional development of the students can be ensured through training sessions. In particular, the teacher should prepare weekly activities for educational purposes.
Moreover, the discussions during these activities should be encouraged to allow students to express their thoughts, to listen to others, and to react to ideas of others. Without active communication with other students, young students cannot develop emotionally and socially.
Diversity and equity among the students should be promoted by the teacher. In particular, the teacher should prepare interesting materials (short movies, colorful illustrations, and engaging stories) about different cultures and ethnic groups. The special emphasis should be made on recognition of differences and the need to understand them. Children should be taught about diversity issues and be aware of cultural differences.
The teacher might ask them to learn something new about the foreign culture and deliver short speech in classroom.
The most effective technique to promote equity among young students is to create a bias-free classroom setting and to ensure that all children receive equal attention from the teacher.
Finally, teacher is responsible to provide basic knowledge and ideas on such issues as cooperation, teamwork, social inclusion, discrimination, diversity, equity, rewards, success, and achievement to students.
From the early childhood, students should learn about the importance of personal success and value of collaboration.
Teachers should ensure that activities offered to students are interesting and engaging. If students are not interested to participate, they will not learn from activity.