Stakeholder Needs Lead to Evaluation Questions
The identification of stakeholders and their needs is essential for the confirmative evaluation plan as an integral part of the adequate assessment. The formulation of questions regarding each of the needs is also important to ensure that stakeholders will be selected properly and met their responsibilities. In particular, the following four stakeholders are considered: field experts, Campus Dean, and learning resource center (LRC) assistant, staff, and students. Table 1 presents all the mentioned components and discusses them in detail.
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|(Field Experts) |
Need to determine if the opportunities for academic development are present
|Value(the degree to which the educational program outcomes contributed to student learning)||Does the program organization is value-containing enough to provide students with the most relevant environment to boost their learning?|
|(Field Experts) |
Need to identify if students obtain new knowledge and skills
|Value(the degree to which the educational program outcomes enhanced student learning outcomes)||Our knowledge and skills of students involved in the program improved after the educational session compared to their initial levels?|
|(Field Experts) |
Need to determine if the program contributes to knowledge sharing
|Impact(the degree to which the educational program promotes idea sharing and collaborative discussion between students)||Do the program outcomes prove that students shared with ideas and listened to those of others, thus discussing the actual problems and potential solutions?|
|(Field Experts) |
Need to specify if students improve their communication skills
|Impact(the degree to which the program allowed students to build relationships and become more aware of diversity)||Did the students develop a better understanding of their peers and closer academic connections?|
|(Campus Dean and Learning Resource Center (LRC) Assistant) Need todetermineif students learned about new theories and approaches in their fields||Effectiveness(the degree to which the program allowed students to achieve theoretical objectives)||Do academic notes indicate that students who participated in the program improved their awareness of the theory?|
|(Campus Dean and LRC Assistant) |
Need to specify if practical lessons and conferences were effective
|Effectiveness (the degree to which the program was useful to accomplish practical goals set by students)||Do academic notes represent the increased abilities if students to perform practical tasks?|
|(Campus Staff) |
Need to clarify if students need more involvement or if they encounter any challenges with completing assignments
|Value(the degree to which the programs meets the needs and expectations of students)||Do students understand the role of each of the stakeholders and have full access to learning opportunities? Are they aware of instruments available to handle learning difficulties?|
Need to understand if students feel more confident with their academic development
|Effectiveness (the degree to which the students felt prepared for their profession after the educational sessions)||Through open-ended interviews, how students feel after the completion of the program? Are they completely satisfied with it?|
Need to determine if students received the necessary tools to interact with others and meet with experts in the field
|Impact (the degree to which students received valuable knowledge from experts and adopted the offered academic tools)||Through open-ended interviews, whether students may share with weaknesses and strengths of the program?|
|(Dean, LRC Assistant, and Staff) |
Need to justify spending the budget on the given program, including learning materials, management, and remuneration to staff
|Efficiency (the degree to which the ultimate benefits of the program compensate the costs)||Do the benefits of the program, primarily, the students’ improved academic development outweigh the costs?|
Table 1. Stakeholder Needs Lead to Evaluation Questions.
The consideration of resources is one more important area of the confirmative evaluation plan. It allows preplanning all the necessary items, materials, and people, the overall analysis of which will be beneficial for determining whether the identified educational program is effective or not. Four resources will be discussed in this paper, including staff, data collection, time, and management assistance. The combination of the mentioned resources seems to make sure that all issues will be covered in terms of the confirmative evaluation.
The first resource of staff refers to the University’s employees who are responsible for preparing learning sessions, providing tools and strategies, and monitoring the successful implementation of all planned lessons (Burgess, 2014). Most importantly, staff must utilize the advising dashboard and training modules by putting relevant information, thus making it available to both students and teachers. Staff members should also control the cooperation between the Campus Dean, LRC assistant, field experts, and students (Burgess, 2014). In other words, the role of the staff is also identified by timely responses to students’ requests and monitoring of the notification system.
The second resource is associated with data collection needs. In particular, it is of great importance to interview students before entering the program and after it to determine their level of academic development. It is possible to suggest that open-ended questions with their focus on expressing any related ideas, concerns, and recommendations are the most pertinent data collection method (Mertens, 2015). In addition to revealing students’ attitudes regarding the given program, a survey or a quiz seems to be useful to compare their initial and ultimate awareness of their field of interest. The integrated information based on interviews and surveys will provide both qualitative and quantitative data that will determine the level of students’ performance during the program as well as any improvements or drawbacks achieved in the context of this summer learning.
Furthermore, time should also be noted as one of the key resources. Each of the stages of the proposed confirmative evaluation will be time-consuming as the detailed preparation is the key to success. The development of pre- and post-questionnaires as well as surveys will take significant time. More to the point, the subsequent data collection procedures will also require time to gather, analyze, integrate, and interpret them, focusing on the role of each of the effectiveness determinants. The alignment of the evaluation results with the existing program and further potential improvements seem to be time-consuming due to the amount of data to be processed and compared.
Last but not least, the resource of management assistance is required to ensure proper support. The vice-president along with the vice-provost should be contacted, and their approval should be received. The admission officer and manager as well as the abovementioned stakeholders should be supportive during data collection and analysis. It should also be taken into account that the local and international organizations should be attracted to the given program and provide additional funding. With this in mind, the source of the budget should be determined, and it may consist of the university’s funds, governmental support, and contributions from the organizations promoting continuous adult learning. Thus, a set of the resource is necessary to provide a comprehensive confirmative evaluation of the summer educational program for adults.
Burgess, R. G. (2014). Education research and evaluation: For policy and practice? New York, NY: Routledge.
Mertens, D. M. (2015). Research and evaluation in education and psychology: Integrating diversity with quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.