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Emergency Operations in Case of Radiological Terrorism Research Paper

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Updated: Jul 30th, 2022


Terrorism is an issue that highly affects the global human society mainly because of adverse effects such as fear. It is the ideology of using intimidation and violence to enhance terror among the target population, namely, the inactive. Focusing on the unbiased is an intimidation technique for the military and the government. However, the use of radiological terrorism cultivates a significant threat to the medical health condition of individuals. On the one hand, radiology efficiently transmits from one individual to another, thus rendering it difficult to treat victims of the attack. On the other hand, Marzaleh et al. (2019) argue that there is a clear distinction between the treatment of life-threatening conditions and radiological decontamination. The protective gear that the medical practitioners wear during emergency operations reduces the risk of getting radiologically contaminated while treating a patient (Marzaleh et al., 2019). As a result, it is appropriate to prioritize stabilizing patients suffering from serious wounds due to radiological decontamination. The vital element in the pharmaceutical field is the utilization of precautions to boost the level of efficiency and well-being of health practitioners.

Main body

Terrorism is an issue that profoundly affects the state of the globe, especially after the Cold War era, mainly because of the unpredicted repercussions. Terrorism refers to the adverse disruption of a country’s activities, either socially or economic-wise, through various attack modes such as bombings. An excellent example of an explosion that profoundly affected the Americans is the 9/11 attack that led to the destruction of the Twin Towers and the Pentagon. In most cases, the countries that experience terrorism at a higher margin include the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) (OECD 2004). The common factor among these countries engulfs the promotion of free trade as another form of exercising democracy. Terrorism is a significant issue in America and modern society mainly because it enhances the sense of insecurity. As a result, shareholders shy away from investing in America, which significantly impacts economic development. However, terrorism indirectly affects the nation’s growth due to raising the government’s attention to increase its spending on military weapons and emergency response services (Brands, 2018). Primarily, terrorism becomes a backbone of the backlashing of the country’s economy due to the diversion of resources to boost security in the American territories.

Various hospitals utilize different emergency operations plans, especially during a radiological terrorism attack. The California hospitals establish that the foremost step in the emergency operation plan involves identifying the necessary resources. These elements include communications, resources and assets, safety and security, staff responsibilities, utilities, and critical clinical support services. Once a radiologically contaminated patient gets to the hospital or medical facility, the practitioner must identify life-threatening wounds. Therefore, the first step entails the medical practitioner wearing protective gear to reduce the risk of getting contaminated by the radiation. The second step is examining the patient based on the essence of the critical condition (Marzaleh et al., 2019). In case the sick person is in an acute medical state, the healthcare providers focus on stabilizing the patient’s condition. While the practitioners focus on treating the subject, the hospital administration must establish effective communication between the doctors in charge of the emergency and the follow-up on the protocol.

The key role of emergency operations is to reduce and maintain the health risk to a minimal level within an establishment rather than to mitigate the consequences. Radiological treatment demands the isolation of the patient to reduce the transmission to other neighboring personnel. Once the patient’s state is stabilized, it is essential that the practitioners screen for radiological levels and focus on decontamination. High radiological transmission means that the patient’s wounds could have contaminated metal scraps, and it is paramount to carefully extract from the skin and place them in a lead box (Marzaleh et al., 2019). Lead is a metal that effectively blocks radiological ingredients from contaminating the air and the neighboring living materials. Successful containment of such a condition features a reduction of the healthcare workers’ risk of the dangers of acts of violence. Terrorism fosters chaos within society. Therefore, it is crucial that a hospital’s emergency operation plan efficiently integrate the core elements required by the government. The effectiveness of a hospital’s response to an emergency mainly depends on integrating the various standard features. A radiological terror attack leads to a profound percentage of the population getting injured and exposed to dangerous radiation levels. Private sector partnerships during emergencies are a concept that significantly boosts the capacity of the hospital’s response to emergencies. An excellent example is the corporations offering transportation of victims of terrorism to the various health center facilities. At the same time, the clinic isolates the ward in-patients and personnel from the risks of contamination (Marzaleh et al., 2019). Consistent communication between the administration, private sector, government, and practitioners determines the efficiency of the quick reaction. Additionally, emergency responses feature different variables such as the demand for resources and assets like blood counts and protective gear for the attendants.

The communication action plan engulfs the different correspondent approaches to apply during the implementation process. The main objective of the strategy entails improving patient care service, including the throughput to boost the number of patients attended in the health institution. Therefore, the methods are based on nursing and provider-centric, mainly because of their input in the operations. Despite the development of an effective strategic plan, the vital stage that follows is the implementation plan. Two of the weaknesses in the Emergency Department engulf a lower score of employee engagement and poor interdepartmental communication (Marzaleh et al., 2019). In this case, the consistent flow of information during an emergency depends on establishing a teamwork environment through partnerships with other stakeholders and coordination among the staff.

Effective dialog significantly contributes to the intensification of interactions across the institution hence rendering the efficient delivery of services. The different types of socializing encompass horizontal, vertical, formal, and informal association approaches. These types of discussion must integrate mainly because the strategic plan features an integrative perspective involving all stakeholders. Horizontal interaction is a crucial form of expression that spearheads the interactions among employees. The vertical structure of the corresponding initiates the interaction between the management and subordinate staff (Marzaleh et al., 2019). While informal communication regards the accessible mode of interaction, the official discussion is bounded by specific channels determined by the institution’s management team.

A discussion action plan spearheads the implementation of strategic planning in the Emergency Department. The integration of the various communication approach enhances the level of interdepartmental association. As a result, the effectiveness of the consultation plan improves the implementation and transition of the organizational culture to an inclusive entity that eventually attracts potential clients. Primarily, a dialogue is an effective marketing strategy and implementation avenue for the Emergency Department’s strategic planning.

One of the strategic plan objectives involves the advancement of the customer experience through the improvement of communication and reduced wait times. Patients appreciate receiving frequent updates concerning their stay and assessment. Different patients uphold various values of socializing hence the necessity to integrate both official and informal approaches. One of the elements of consumer satisfaction is the relaying of information about delays to the customers. It is a form of relation that gets relayed based on the efficient mode of delivery. Therefore, the nurses and providers convey the information through one-on-one contact and the use of a public address system. The casual and proper debate approach offers the impression of care and excellent service experience among the patients, hence accomplishing customer satisfaction. Therefore, the core communication approach to boost the interaction between patients and employees encompasses the adoption of formal and informal procedures, mainly one-on-one interaction and a public address system.


In conclusion, the stages of emergency operations entail maintaining the contamination at minimal levels by establishing isolated workstations. The second stage in response to radiological terrorism is the stabilization of the patients’ conditions. The primary task of a medical practitioner is protecting the life of an individual. Therefore, it is paramount that the hospital’s administration, private sector, and government focus on implementing policies that enhance the emergency response during radiological terror attacks. It is an approach that boosts the security among the citizens and their well-being by implementing effective containment strategies.


Brands, H. (2018). American grand strategy in the post–Cold War era. New directions in strategic thinking 2.0. Australian National University, 133.

Marzaleh, M. A., Rezaee, R., Rezaianzadeh, A., Rakhshan, M., Haddadi, G., & Peyravi, M. (2019). Developing a model for hospital emergency. department preparedness in radiation and nuclear incidents and nuclear terrorism in Iran. Bulletin of Emergency & Trauma, 7(3), 300. Web.

OECD, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. (2004). The Security Economy (Safety Standards Series:). (OECD 2004, p. 7-17).

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