The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) has become a powerful model for guiding people in different societies and countries to promote the principles of freedom and equality. Such a practice can make it possible for human beings to live harmoniously and achieve their maximum potential. The purpose of this paper is to apply the concept of equality to explain why people should strive to reveal and show that there are real human differences instead of surmising that they exist.
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Since people do not apply the values of equality in a systematic and unswerving manner, there is a need for societies to acknowledge that there are real differences among populations and present evidence-based strategies to address them.
Arguments for Supporting Existing Differences
The notion of equality guides and empowers people to avoid prejudice and discrimination against others. This element has become a fundamental aspect of human rights laws across the globe. According to it, persons with diverse backgrounds require equal, fair, and just treatment. Unfortunately, the world has failed to apply the dictates of these policies proportionately (Gobineau and Collins 29). Consequently, the rights and liberties of many groups have become just a dream. Several reasons can be presented to explain why societies should accept that there are striking differences rather than surmising that they exist.
The first one is that the move to reveal each difference will present superior solutions and empower mankind. This is true since people’s commitment to the ideas of equality is founded on specific cultural standards. For example, many groups and races continue to promote unique intergroup interactions and relations that have existed for hundreds of years. Such aspects are informed by issues of power, status, income, and age (Peterson 150). This concept explains why social dominance orientation (SDO) remains a powerful model for explaining why all human beings in a specific community will never be equal.
The concept of rights vs. duties is the second argument that explains why people should expose the unique inequalities among populations. For instance, individuals from minority races focus mainly on personal rights while ignoring group liberties. Those who have financial resources can engage in court battles to have their expectations addressed by the government (Gobineau and Collins 52). Individuals from high power ethnicities focus on duties rather than rights. According to them, minorities are required to obey existing laws o guidelines. The proposed practice will guide more human beings to draw a line between rights and duties.
The role of cultural dynamics forms the third argument for supporting the need to expose the true differences and gaps in inequality. Peterson indicates that people tend to have group-based identities and expectations (162). This is true since many cultures expect men to be in control and guide women and children. According to them, this is in accordance with natural law that all creatures should respect and follow. Similarly, religious teachings present similar ideologies and concepts to their followers. These attributes make it impossible for communities to implement the principle of equality uniformly.
Some scholars have indicated that equality is not a reality in many parts of the world without providing supportive facts. They argue that more women and disabled persons are finding new opportunities than ever before, including leadership and decision-making. They also explain how societies in both the developing and developed regions embrace the principle of equality by providing similar rights, freedoms, and resources to all people (Gobineau and Collins 48). According to them, the existing differences are small and might not affect people’s outcomes or experiences.
Responses to Such Counterarguments
Despite the above counterarguments, the notion of equality has become a mirage in many countries. While the UDHR guides human beings to respect and treat each other uniformly, cases of prejudice have persisted for many years. Accepting that such differences are a reality means that more people will not encounter difficulties. Instead, this acknowledgment might present evidence-based ideas for improving human coexistence and mitigating human differences (Gobineau and Collins 97). People should, therefore, ignore every opposing idea and focus on superior measures to promote equality.
The above discussion has explained why human beings should show the real differences when focusing on the principle of equality instead of surmising that they exist. This evidence-based practice will present superior measures for minimizing such gaps and ensuring that equality becomes a reality. Individuals who are opposed to these ideas should appreciate the challenges of such differences and examine how they tend to disorient human progress.
Gobineau, Arthur, and Adrian Collins. The Inequality of Human Races. Creative Media Partners, 2018.
Peterson, Wesley F. “Is Economic Inequality Really a Problem? A Review of the Arguments.” Social Sciences, vol. 6, no. 4, 2017, pp. 147-171.