In this essay, I will first deal with the role played by the system administrator in an organization, as well as his ethical obligations towards an organization, and finally, determine how their roles are compounded by the superuser access permission they poss.
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In the past, organizations have grown towards the use of computer systems all over the world. Computing systems require to be installed, maintained, planned, and attended to when problems arise. The responsibilities within an organization lie in the realms of the system administrator (William R & Steven M, 1995). Essentially, a system administrator in an organization is that person who is responsible for the installation, support, and maintenance of the Local Area Network (LAN) and the Wide Area Network as well as internet or other computer systems (Eleen F, 1995).
The role of System administrator places him in a position that he is the only person who has access to many information resources that are not available to other users in the organization. The system administrator has access to resources in the entire network as opposed to other users whose access is limited to the resources prerequisite for performing their work. This ability of system administrators calls them to behave ethically since they have access even to the most privileged information in an organization. Thus they are required to be guided by moral virtues as opposed to moral vices.
The decisions they make in implementing, maintaining, and planning should be guided or measured against certain approaches viz virtues approach for the administrators choice to be an ethical one; it should reflect moral virtues in himself and the society especially the users.
Utilitarian approach – this calls upon the administrator’s choice to be of greater benefits rather than harm. His choice should also be guided by the fairness approach, which treats people equally without favorites as well as advancing the common good of the organization.
As aforementioned that the work of system administrators is to support IT users in achieving their daily jobs; pushes to a situation that requires them to act decisively and ethically. To achieve this, they should describe and limit the proper use of Information Technology resources as well as institute procedures to adhere to the use of the company’s software (Eleen F, 1995). They should arrange information systems in a manner that guards company data and information. Furthermore, they should fix and uphold the firm’s firewall.
Since I have said that the position of system administrator places him closely to materials classified as privileged, his actions can be detrimental to the organization and its employees. Failure to act ethically can result in legal action being undertaken against the company. By acting ethically, an organization operates consistently and produces good business. It should also be noted that failure by the system administrator to act ethically creates unsound publicity of the organization, as well as failing the company to capture the goodwill of the community.
If a system administrator faces an issue that requires him to act decisively so as not to come to grips with an ethical decision, he should get the details first and make the stakeholders and their position. He’s also required to envisage the consequences of his decision while maintaining various principles (William R & Steven M, 1995). After that, he is supposed to build up options and weigh them conclusively, re-evaluating his decision.
In conclusion, I have explored the obligations of the system administrator and why it is important for him to act ethically as he is the only person with superuser powers of computing systems in an organization.
- William R. CHeswick, Steven M. Bellovin, (1995). Firewalls and Internet Security: Repelling the Wily Hacker. Addison-Wesley.
- Eleen Frisch (1995). Essential System Administration. O’Reilly & Associates