At the moment, we could observe the rapid evolution of technologies and spheres of human activity affected by them. It could be considered a logical result of the revolution in science aimed at the improvement of peoples quality of life. The most important aspects of a coherent society also evolve and obtain new peculiarities. As for the healthcare sector, its development remains the main priority as it maintains the state of the nations health and tries to improve the quality of peoples life. However, in terms of the increased demand for efficiency and outcomes of different processes, the need for the most relevant information and new approaches becomes crucial. In this regard, the introduction of EBP becomes one of the possible ways to attain success.
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Evidence-based practice (EBP) is one of the most important sources of information today. It encompasses several disciplines within the clinical practice to improve the efficiency of different processes and attain a reconsideration of outdated methods (Thyer, 2004). At the same time, EBP remains a powerful investigation tool that allows a researcher to perform a comprehensive investigation of a certain problem and create an appropriate solution.
However, numerous aspects precondition the increased accuracy and feasibility of data obtained when EBP is applied to a case (Rice, 2013). Formulation of questions is one of these as they determine the direction of the research, methods that will be used, and outcomes. At the same time, it is a complex process as it demands an enhanced understanding of the current state of a certain issue, its perspectives, and factors that could alter it (Rubin & Bellamy, 2012). For this reason, it is crucial to formulate appropriate research questions.
As for the analyzed Emilia Sanchez case, the comprehensive investigation of the issue is needed to assist her in the recovery and socialization. For this reason, it is crucial to formulate research questions and outline ways to carry out the practice. Considering the peculiarities of the case, the following PICO question could be suggested:
In Emilias case, will socialization aimed at the acquisition of working skills and drug treatment programs demonstrate better results and help her to reunite with family if to compare with forced through cheap medical treatment?
The given question creates the background for the following research. First, it introduces the target population – Emilia or other drug-addicted people who have similar problems that should be solved to improve the quality of their lives. Second, the PICO question demonstrates the planned intervention which is Emilias socialization using special services and treatment. The given intervention is compared to another possible method that could also be used to attain successful results. The given comparison is extremely important for the research as it helps to find the advantages and disadvantages of both methods and make a conclusion about their feasibility (Marsiglia & Booth, 2014).
Moreover, comparing two interventions, a researcher also analyzes their potential impact on the final result. For this reason, the introduction of at least one alternative method to solve a problem is crucial for any research in terms of EBP. Finally, Emilias recovery and reunion with family are suggested as the expected outcomes of the selected intervention. In such a way, having formulated the suggested PICO question, we also outlined the main stages of the research.
The fact is that to compare the effect suggested interventions might have on Emilia, it is vital to analyze academic sources related to the issue. This systematic review will help to obtain relevant information about the issue and use statistical data to support a certain statement with credible evidence (Gray, Joy, Plath, & Webb, 2012).
Moreover, using research articles related to the issue as the main source of information, an investigator guarantees the high level of evidence and relevance of his/her findings (Becker, Spirito, & Vanmali, 2015). Case reports similar to the given issue could also be found and analyzed to make certain conclusions. Finally, two randomized controlled medical trials should be investigated to find the most appropriate method that could help to satisfy Emilias needs and promote her recovery.
Speaking about the potential intervention, there are several ways how it could be accomplished. At the moment, Emilia has specific needs that should be satisfied to guarantee her recovery. In such a way, it is crucial to pose a question about the effect different interventions might have on Emilia and their potential outcomes. Additionally, it is necessary to understand the way a certain intervention could be applied to the case. Only under these conditions, the research could answer the formulated question in terms of the EBPs approach.
As stated above, socialization and treatment are potential practice interventions. To prove their efficiency and applicability to the case, a review of sources that describe these methods potential impact is needed. Additionally, it is also crucial to create a pattern that will help to implement the suggested approach in practice and assist Emilia in her recovery.
As for the planned outcomes of the given treatment, the main question remains whether the chosen interventions have a positive impact on Emilias state of health or they fail to do it. The investigation of outcomes is complex as it determines the comprehensive groundwork and investigation of different scenarios related to cases similar to Emilia’s one. The desired outcome is her reunion with the family, socialization, acquisition of working skills, and withdrawal from drugs (Barlow, Smailagic, Huband, Roloff, & Bennet, 2012).
For this reason, one should keep in mind the final purpose to be ready to create the intervention and to find the most appropriate method that could help to do it. Additionally, it is also necessary to support the suggested intervention with previous findings related to the sphere. These are needed to guarantee the relevance of conclusions and to demonstrate the importance of the research in terms of the chosen sphere.
Altogether, the evidence-based practice provides a researcher with a powerful investigation tool that could help him/her to analyze a certain issue and provide relevant data related to its main peculiarities. At the same time, there are specific demands to an investigator that should be observed to assure that he/she remains within the EBPs framework. In this regard, the formulation of the appropriate research question becomes the most important element in the process. It is essential to suggest the most topical and relevant points.
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The process should be preceded by the analysis of literature and sources devoted to the sphere. A researcher should realize the fact that well-formulated research question preconditions the choice of research methods and impact the credibility of findings. In this regard, it is crucial to assure that PICO covers all important issues and provides an opportunity to investigate a certain phenomenon and find the most appropriate solution to the existing problem.
Barlow, J., Smailagic, N., Huband, N., Roloff, V., & Bennet, C. (2012). Group-based parent training programmes for improving parental psychosocial health. Cochrane Database Systemic Review, 13(6). Web.
Becker, S., Spirito, A., & Vanmali, R. (2015). Perceptions of ‘Evidence-Based Practice’ among the consumers of adolescent substance use treatment. Health Education Journal, 74(3), 358-369. Web.
Gray, M., Joy, E., Plath, D., & Webb, S. (2012). Implementing evidence-based practice. A review of the empirical research literature. Research on Social Work Practice, 23(2), 157-166. Web.
Marsiglia, F., & Booth, J. (2014). Cultural adaptation of interventions in real practice settings. Research on Social Work Practice, 25(4), 423-432. Web.
Rice, M. (2013). Evidence-based practice. A model for clinical application. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 19(4), 217-221. Web.
Rubin, A., & Bellamy, J. (2012). Using research for evidence-based practice. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Thyer, B. (2004). What is evidence-based practice? Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention, 4(2), 167-176.