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Fundamental Causality and Race Essay


Background Information on Fundamental Causality

The issue of fundamental causality continues to generate heated discourse among scholars and experts in contemporary society. They seek to determine and quantify how it affects quality and length of human life (Freese & Luftey 1326).

Most studies in this area gear towards demystifying the connection between socio-economic status (SES) and realities that characterize human health. It is important for experts to develop a link between ethnographic realities and sustenance of health in social contexts (Freese & Luftey 1326). Fundamental causality embodies various factors that predispose individuals to ill health and general lack of wellness.

However, there is contention over extent to which such factors contribute to ill health among members of various socio-economic classes in social contexts (The Latino paradox Par 8). Social scholars and observers believe that general considerations are inaccurate and effective because class and racial subscription cannot singlehandedly lead to poor health or high mortality rates. For instance, belonging to low or middle class does not suffice as causative considerations for poor health or death (Freese & Luftey 1326).

Arguably, it is the conditions and realities in such groups that lead to the aforementioned afflictions. On the other hand, poor health and mortality emanates from individualistic thresholds of existence (The Latino Paradox Par 12). Most discourse surrounding fundamental causality focuses on socio-economic status as opposed to other integral realities that characterize existence in highly stratified societies (Freese & Luftey 1327).

Such proximate mechanisms are independently existent with regard to causality (Freese & Luftey 1327). In fact, they trigger anomalies through influence that revolves around perception and perpetual resignation to fate among members of such groups within society. Apathy leads members into believing that their fate directly links to recurrent existential circumstances (Freese & Luftey 1343). Indeed, fundamental causality affects health and mortality in contemporary society.

How Socio-Economic Status Influences Health and Mortality

Socio-economic status (SES) suffices as a major determinant of health and mortality because it regulates access to opportunities in social contexts. For instance, members of upper class have less health complications because they have the wherewithal to seek medical attention (Hummer & Rogers 274).

They undergo regular medical examination to ascertain levels of health and wellness. This makes it easy for them to counter effects of illness at an early stage (The Latino Paradox Par 17). This reality revolves around empowerment and overall ability to understand factors that determine health and mortality in society.

It also anchors on relevant facets of health with regard to preventive and curative procedural undertakings. On the contrary, poor members of society lack the necessary resources that guarantee quality health care. Since they cannot afford regular medical checkups, diseases manifest at chronic stages when it is difficult to counter them (Hummer & Rogers 274). Such realities give credence to research outcomes that project SES as a major predisposing factor with regard to ill health.

Dynamics of SES determine the extent to which individuals understand and appreciate the importance of health and wellness. Through such efforts, people take necessary steps that gear towards facilitating healthy and appropriate lifestyle choices. However, it is important to note that eradication of disease does not curtail perpetual re-emergence of association between socio-economic realities and causality (Hummer & Rogers 277).

In most cases, connection between such realities creeps back to social structures, thus perpetuating a never-ending struggle against its implications on human existence. Focusing on mechanisms of causation negates the overall realities and factors that constitute the core of fundamental causality. Class and racial dynamics have a role in sustenance of health in society. Efforts towards eradication of disease usually benefit those who have capacity to seek medical attention (Hummer & Rogers 278).

This alienates individuals who cannot afford medical attention. Resources enable people to exploit avenues that seek to circumvent ill health and other adverse effects that emanate from recurrent predisposing factors (The Latino Paradox Par 18). There is a correlation between resource availability and patterns of health in society. As earlier mentioned, pursuit of health materializes through resources and knowledge on trends of infection in social contexts (Hummer & Rogers 279).

Ignorance and lack of resources lowers the rate at which people pursue health benefits. Such people are disoriented and unresponsive to issues that affect health and wellness. Current studies exhibit efforts that seek to generate an empirical approach to fundamental causality. (Hummer & Rogers 280) For instance, SES and its resultant disparities replicate over time and ultimately support a cycle of health or perpetual deprivation.

People with high SES often have access to medical procedures such as pap tests and mammographic examination. Such efforts enable early detection with regard to health issues such as cancer. On the other hand, people with low SES rarely afford such expensive and elaborate medical procedures. This predisposes them to effects of chronic diseases (Hummer & Rogers 281).

In order to understand overall implication of fundamental causality, it is important to develop and augment argumentative positions that amplify analytical foray into the relationship between fundamental causality and race. Most factors regarding fundamental causality do not work in isolation and therefore require multidisciplinary approach in order to guarantee accuracy and precision (Hummer & Rogers 281).

How Race Influences Health and Mortality in the United States

In recent past, there has been monumental interest with regard to factors that affect health and mortality across the United States. Sociologists believe that racial dynamics have a role to play in recurrent propagation of ill health and high mortality in American society (Hummer & Rogers 281).

The sociological approach to fundamental causality is accurate because it considers societal realities that influence human existence in society. This bolsters credibility and accuracy with regard to generation of authoritative data in this area of interest (Hummer & Rogers 283).

Ethnographic studies reveal trends of generational realities that point towards influence emanating from racial and socio-economic factors. The complex nature of health and mortality makes it difficult for experts to ascertain extent and orientation with regard to such racial considerations (Hummer & Rogers 283). In most social contexts, resources facilitate pursuit of knowledge and treatment as opposed to cases where such resources are hard to come by.

The American context is not different as it harbours people who ascribe to diverse socio-economic and racial parametrical thresholds. Patterns of economic ability vary depending on realities that characterize existence within various racial groups in the United States (Jones 38).

In some instances, certain health complications manifest in isolated groups within racial contexts. This indicates a systemic structural framework that supports propagation of health complications among individuals of specific racial orientations (Jones 38). Similar ethnographic studies reveal information that supports earlier assertions with regard to fundamental causality.

Disparities in socio-economic status affect implementation and augmentation of efforts that seek to ameliorate health and wellness in society. Prevalent racial dynamics also affect adherence to medical regimens and intervention strategies that work towards alleviation of negative health outcomes (Jones 39).

Sociological investigations continue to establish and ascertain how diverse racial entities cope with health and mortality amid peculiar challenges that they encounter in specific social settings. Socio-economic status does not singlehandedly contribute to fluctuations in health and mortality (Link & Phelan 83).

However, it suffices as a major contributor because it facilitates circumstances that characterize human existence within specific groups in social contexts. As earlier mentioned, economic realities are products of racial dynamics and considerations. People in low socio-economic status experience occupational constraints that ultimately affect their ability to observe healthy lifestyle patterns (Link & Phelan 83).

This includes poor dietary habits that jeopardize health and wellness. In fact, nutrition plays a pivotal role in propagation and sustenance of health and wellness in society. In absence of appropriate dietary regimens, it is difficult for people to realize and actualize health (Link & Phelan 83). Low socio-economic status precipitates lack of substantial efforts towards creation of social support frameworks.

This makes it difficult for authorities to access people who require medical attention and surveillance. On the other hand, some racial groups constitute immigrants who may not hold legal documentation to justify their residence in the United States (Link & Phelan 83). This hampers access to medical assistance in case of health complications. Most of these illegal immigrants live in perpetual fear of apprehension owing to effects of such eventualities (Link & Phelan 83).

Management of health and mortality requires concerted efforts by all stakeholders because it is a complex and elaborate undertaking (Williams & Jackson 328). For instance, relevant authorities should expedite efforts towards realization of futuristic structural frameworks that support recurrent desire for health and wellness in society.

Inability to institute such measures could ultimately undermine propagation and sustenance of health in the United States (Williams & Jackson 328). Racial parameters influence development of theoretical frameworks that validate earlier studies on fundamental causality and racial realities that manifest through human action and reaction to social cues in society (Williams & Jackson 328).


The above sentiments are a clear pointer to the issue of fundamental causality and race. They divulge and assert basic truths that characterize health and mortality in the United States. Overly, there is evidence of correlation between racial paradigms and degree of health and mortality in American society (Williams & Jackson 328).

In fact, race is a key determinant with regard to trends in health and mortality. Racial considerations not only affect health and mortality but also the general attitudes and perceptions that characterize overall human existence in social contexts (Williams & Jackson 328). Ethnographic studies reveal trends of generational realities that point towards influence emanating from racial and socio-economic factors.

The complex nature of health and mortality makes it difficult for experts to ascertain extent and orientation with regard to such racial considerations. Fundamental causality and race are critical considerations in sociological discourse that manifests through engagements among scholars and experts. Such discourse creates impetus for action and reaction to circumstantial parameters that that anchor health and mortality in society (Williams & Jackson 328).

Works Cited

Freese, Jeremy. & Lutfey, Karen. Toward Some Fundamentals of Fundamental Causality: Socio-Economic Status and Health in the Routine Clinic Visit for Diabetes. American Journal of Sociology. 110. 5 (2005): 1326-72. Print.

Hummer, Robert. & Rogers, Richard. Religious Involvement and U S Adult Mortality. Demography. 36. 2 (1999): 273-285. Print.

Jones, James. The Tuskegee Legacy Aids and the Black Community. The Hastings Center Report. 22. 6 (1992): 38-40. Print.

Link, Bruce. & Phelan, Jo. Social Conditions as Fundamental Causes of Disease. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour. 111. 35 (1995): 80-94. Print.

The Latino Paradox.” Editorial. Los Angeles Times. ed. 30th Dec 2010. Print.

Williams, David. & Jackson, Pamela. Social Sources of Racial Disparities in Health. Health Affairs. 24. 2 (2005): 325-334. Print.

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