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United States’ key foreign policy strategies in engaging with Eurasia are driven by security and long-term interests. The United Stated and Eurasia relationship has improved over the past years and it is therefore crucial for Eurasia to ensure that it places greater values in their relationship with US. The Eurasian state should recognize that it would not be served by any state across the world that is against the US. This paper explores the most crucial factors that US should consider in their foreign policy as they build their relationship with Eurasia.
The issue of security is one of the major factors due to the increased issues of insecurity that have emerged since the beginning of the twenty first century like the 11th September terrorism issue in the US. There is therefore, need for the United States to pave up security issues with its alliances. This will be of help both to the US and the Eurasian countries as they will come up with better ways of strengthening security cooperation between the two powers (Laruelle, 2008).
The need for the two powers to collaborate through multilateral organizations will be of great importance in managing security issues across the country since there are also other major powers that have joined hands with the US in mitigating security challenges. These challenges include human trafficking, arms control, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, terrorism ideologies and environmental decay (Hiro, 2009). In this case, one can question whether NATO is still viable in curbing the issues of security since its formation to deal with the security challenges in the post-Cold war.
NATO still remains as the body that handles security issues even though it has been hard to change its structure as well as its mission. In the future policy the US has therefore sought to redefine the objectives, structures and mechanisms suitable for dealing with future security environments. The US president Barrack Obama has put more emphasis on the benefits of the transatlantic community engaging in the act of working together with Eurasia to tackle issues of security challenges (Oliker et al, 2002).
For US to achieve its long-term interests, there is a need for cultural understanding, better communication as well as greater level of trust between the two states for easy governance in order to achieve the long-term goals of the alliance. Eurasia being a huge nation that still supplies the energy power will therefore meet the interests of the US. The interests of the United States will be served well if the policy is established to meet the challenges that are likely to crop up in the coming decades (Hiro, 2009).
In the US foreign policy, Eurasia should be ready to devote its resources towards the continued modernization processes of the country, infrastructure development as well as in the economic development of the country as this will be of benefit to the US as well as to the citizens of the Eurasian state (Laruelle, 2008). The United States should also put into consideration the possible shortcomings of the domestic political development of Eurasia. This is because building a relationship with the Eurasian Federation is believed not to be easy because Vladimir Putin’ successor Dmi-Tri Medvedev will be more determined in seeking the democratic liberalization. As much as Medvedev enjoys the relationship that Putin had with other countries like the US he still opposes most features of the Western democracy (Oliker et al, 2002).
It is believed that with continued partnership, the Eurasian country will be in a position to adopt the western democratic values for the relationship between the two states to achieve the intended objectives. The US administration will therefore utilize the opportunity for proposing an open security dialogue with Eurasia with a broad range of security agenda. The issues on the agenda will include arms control, energy, migration, counterterrorism and conflict resolution.
Hiro, D. (2009). Central Asia. UK: Overlook Press.
Laruelle, M. (2008). Russian Eurasianism. US: John Hopkins University Press.
Oliker, et al (2002). Faultlines of conflict in central Asia and the South Caucasus: Implications for the U.S. army. US: RAND Corporation.