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The humanistic psychological theory is a psychosomatic point of view which ascended to importance in the middle of the 20th century and drew on the efforts of early groundbreakers like Carl Rogers and the values of existentialism and phenomenology. The approach of this psychological theory is the study of the whole being, and the distinctiveness of each person (Psychology Theories, 2010).
It takes up a holistic advance to human being way of life by way of examination of significance, scopes, independence, catastrophe, individual dependability, human prospect, religion and self-actualization.
Humanistic scientists look at human being actions not only through the point of view of the viewer, but all the way through the perspective of the individual carrying out the act. Experts in this theory accept as true that a person’s act(s) is linked to his or her private sentiments and the way they view themselves.
This advance in psychology came up as a revolt in opposition to what a number of psychological experts saw as drawbacks of the behaviorist and psychodynamic psychological theories (Psychology Theories, 2010). Consequently, this approach is time and again referred to as the third force in psychological science.
The effect of humanistic psychological theory can be seen in the form of three main spheres. It put forward a fresh set of standards for moving toward an inferring of human being temperament and the human situation. Secondly it put forward a developed scope of techniques of analysis in the learning of human being conduct and finally put forward a wider array of more effectual ways in the specialized carry out of psychiatric therapy.
Ethnocentrism refers to the predisposition to accept as true that one’s ethnic or way(s) of life is essentially important, and that all other groupings are appraised in relation to one’s own. An ethnocentric person will pass judgment on other groups of people in relation to his or her own particular racial group or way of life, in particular with relation to verbal communication, conduct, traditions and religious conviction.
These cultural peculiarities and sub-divisions serve well to characterize each civilization’s exceptional enriching uniqueness (Humanistic Theory in Personality Synopsis, 2002).
Ethnocentric limitations of the humanistic psychological theory
According to humanistic psychology theory, interactions between culturally unlike groups are affected by their ethnocentric perspectives of each other. Various facets of human life and interactions have been and still are being impacted, mostly negatively by this phenomenon.
In the healthcare sector for instance, ethnocentrism in most cases leads to professional(s) getting the wrong end of the stick in relation to cross-cultural circumstances, bringing into play their individual convictions, which over and over again are poles apart from those with whom they are work together with. It guides to formulaic conceptions and lack of respect, which results in delivery of ethnically proficient healthcare.
In cases where healthcare givers do not have know-how working with persons out of a dissimilar way of life, they are to be expected to jump to conclusions concerning them, grounded on typecasts, unfounded information and emotions.
Such conclusions have the likeliness of leading these professionals to cold shoulder an aspect of an individual’s way(s) of life, either their verbal communication, convictions, tendencies, or conduct, with the end result of the patient taking offense and diminishing their likelihood of sticking on to treatment advice.
It is clear from this that success in the turf of public health calls for cultural and societal understanding. Public health members of staff and the curriculums that they devise are required to be on familiar terms with the unique elements and traits of the populaces they attend to.
Ethnocentrism promotes small-mindedness as it puts a stop to one from thinking about various worldviews, and one gets less disposed to dispute or query the way in which various groups of persons learn or to be aware of what they have an interest in learning (Humanistic Theory in Personality Synopsis, 2002).
The positive reception of various kinds of know-how and standards are at the centre of principled practice, procedure and exploration in public health and various other sectors. Being aware of ethnocentrism and how it relates to race in any public sector is especially essential in a place like the United States if its times gone by of using race in categorizing and reviewing various groups are anything to go by.
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Another major area affected by ethnocentrism according to humanistic psychology is consumerism, with the phenomenon being termed as consumer ethnocentrism. In the present world’s open marketplaces, commodities and services are able to be sold to end users of almost any other country as regimes radically slacken off buying and selling policies and open their markets.
On the other hand, even when commodities are better in value or cost to those of the host nation, doing business effectively in far-off marketplaces might not be straightforward for a number of non-regulatory causes.
A huge challenge in the international setting lies in end users’ lack of enthusiasm to pay money for commodities and services brought from other countries rather than domestic ones. Paying for domestic commodities and services is believed to do well to the domestic financial system by way of elevated tax revenues, additional jobs, and extra take home among domestic shareholders.
Other than these reasons, ethnocentrism plays a role in such bias. Studies have been conducted to establish the connection involving consumer type and adversarial approaches in the direction of importations.
Results show that hostile attitudes are noticeable more recurrently amid grown up persons, women, less-educated and more down-income persons, as well as individuals with psychosomatic elements like low down civilizing ingenuousness, elevated loyalty, firm patriotism, far above the ground conservatism and far above the ground collectivism.
Prejudice not in favor of importations is also elevated amid persons with affirmative mind-sets toward their host nation or state (Psychology Theories, 2010). As well, mind-sets toward commodities and services from ethnically alike nations are more favorable than those directed at such goods and services originating from culturally unrelated nations.
There are various other ways in which ethnocentrism affects the way people from varying cultures interact. This has mainly brought about negative feelings between these groupings and discrimination of many forms is the key result.
A good example was White-ruled South Africa which went through apartheid for a considerable time. This was a social policy or racial segregation involving political and economic and legal discrimination against people who were not Whites. The end result(s) of such events is not good for the betterment of all humanity.
The theory of humanistic psychology brought to the fore quite a number of important facts as they relate to human interactions. Ethnocentrism is a major area in this field and it has been depicted as an uninformed scheme of visual categorization that holds no technical significance in all public sectors (Humanistic Theory in Personality Synopsis, 2002). It is essential that humanity furnished with such knowledge.
Humanistic Theory in Personality Synopsis at ALLPSYCH Online. (2002). Retrieved from http://allpsych.com/personalitysynopsis/humanistic/
Psychology Theories. (2010). Retrieved from https://www.verywellmind.com/what-is-a-theory-2795970