Behavior serves a purpose; children do not misbehave without reason. Think of a time a child you know misbehaved. Explain what happened.
I will tell the story of a small child of a woman I know. D. is a daughter-in-law of my mother’s best friend; thus, we often meet for family dinners and celebrations. D. has a four year old son who was born healthy through an uncomplicated delivery. However, between the ages of two and three, his lack of verbal activity and inability to “echo” simple sounds and syllables were found to be very concerning by the family. The child was examined by the doctor and diagnosed with a speech delay.
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The boy was struggling with expressing himself and did not adhere to the norms for the children his age as he could not even enunciate one-syllable words and use them in appropriate situations. I observed how his underdeveloped communication skills put a strain on his relationship with his parents. It is true that parents usually understand their children better than anybody else even if the latter speak in gibberish. However, in the case of D., even her close bond with the son did not help them to understand each other better.
Like many children his age who just commenced to realize the power of negation, the boy was extremely moody about food. He had a very narrow range of dishes he liked, and even when they were cooked to his liking, he could refuse to eat. Now, were he more verbal, he could probably explain his distress or ask for something else. Instead, every time he did not like the food or did not feel in the mood for eating, he would throw a tantrum or have a full-fledged meltdown.
He misbehaved for a clear reason which was only known to him. D. was desperate to find a way to appease her child: she would feed him herself – something he was able to do on his own. I guess that on many occasions, she reinforced this moody behavior by resorting to distracting and entertaining him by music and videos, which is not exactly recommended to do (Gargiulo and Kilgo 225).
Pick a disability covered in unit 7. Write about how society views individuals with that disability. What do you think it’s like to live with that disability in our society?
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) typically put a strain on an affected person’s social life, academic aspirations, and professional prospects. Despite an extensive body of research, children with ASD are still often misunderstood by society. Due to the lack of common evidence-based knowledge and at times, sheer ignorance, young individuals on the spectrum are often isolated by both their peers and adults. One of the most persistent myths about ASD is parental negligence and faulty parenting strategies as the primary cause which stigmatizes the entire family. Contrary to this stereotype, it was found that autism is a disorder of mostly genetic nature which a loving family can moderate but cannot eliminate completely.
I believe that living with autism spectrum disorder remains fairly challenging. One of the major problems is the lack of meaningful adjustments in the classroom and at playgrounds which would allow for inclusive and uninhibited interaction among children (Gargiulo and Kilgo 201). Further, children with ASD might be seen as not smart if their verbal intelligence is underwhelming. Such a child might be succeeding in his or her areas of interest; however, society will judge them by their ability to explain themselves.
Depression and anxiety are prevalent among young individuals on the spectrum, and there is evidence that high-functioning types of disorder make a person more susceptible to developing a mental disorder (Fuld 218). Individuals with intact intellect who did not suffer from significant delays might be realizing how different they are from their peers and, hence, feel anxious and unmotivated. Lastly, individuals with ASD do not always have access to effective vocational rehabilitation services. Thus, autism spectrum disorders may prevent a person from seeking employment and a way of providing from himself or herself.
Fuld, Samantha. “Autism Spectrum Disorder: The Impact of Stressful and Traumatic Life Events and Implications for Clinical Practice.” Clinical Social Work Journal, vol. 46, no. 3, 2018, pp. 210-219.
Gargiulo, Richard, and Jennifer L. Kilgo. An Introduction to Young Children with Special Needs: Birth through Age Eight. Nelson Education, 2010.