The early twentieth century was a significant milestone in the development of international architecture as it lay the basis for modern norms, standards, and trends. First, proto-skyscrapers were built in Chicago after the devastating fire. Strong frames enabled architects to create open spaces and building with glass walls that have become iconic in the modern world. The development of technology ensured bold experimentation, and architects managed to create marvelous buildings. Expressionism in architecture led to the creation of some of the most magnificent buildings, such as Gaudi’s or Poelzig’s works.
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Some of the most remarkable aspects of the architecture of that time were the focus on functionalism and values. Architects wanted to ensure complete functionality of every space, which is extremely important for modern urban settings with their limited land resources. Buildings became appropriate places for the public rather than specific categories of people. The focus on values and social input was also important as it established and supported organizational culture. One of the buildings with an emphasis on the “moral value of labor” is Frank Lloyd Wright’s Larking Building (Arnason and Mansfield 175-176). This kind of balance of functionality and morality should be present in modern cities as well.
Lastly, the style of and the ideas behind Frank Lloyd Wright’s houses resonate with modern values. The architect created buildings that were in harmony with the environment, which is now seen as one of the most important features. People want to feel they are a part of nature, so some standards set by Wright are used in contemporary architecture. Therefore, it is possible to state that the development of technology and the experimentation of the architects of the early 20th century resulted in the creation of beautiful buildings that are consistent with people’s values and desires.
Arnason, Harvard H., and Elizabeth C. Mansfield. History of Modern Art. 7th ed., Pearson, 2012.