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International Law: Extradition of Terrorists Essay

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Updated: May 13th, 2021

Introduction

There is no doubt that terrorist attacks can be listed among the most urgent problems of modern society. Unfortunately, it still happens that unexpected attacks aimed at demonstrating the power of unlawful organizations that are often based on radical religious principles act as a method of helping terrorists to retaliate against the government and terrify the entire country to death (Head, 2015). Considering that members of criminal groups are often willing to use weapons due to the conflicts and struggle for power existing in their world, the lives of people who have no connection to this sphere sometimes act as coins to exchange.

Main body

When it comes to terrorism and the particular actions that can be taken by the government in order to prevent future terrorist attacks, it is extremely important to discuss the question touching upon the limitations that exist for the US government law enforcement personnel in cases when citizens of the United States become victims of terrorist attacks when they are in other countries. Personally, I believe that it would be great to broaden the mandate of the US government law enforcement personnel in order to enable them to arrest those terrorists committing crimes against Americans in other countries.

Even though numerous countries try to do their best to improve their legal systems, it is widely accepted that crime deterrence has always been accompanied by numerous limitations that can interfere with the efforts of the government aimed at reducing crime rates and making it more difficult for criminals to act and collaborate (Worrall, 2015). To me, it seems that allowing law enforcement personnel to arrest criminals (especially those who organize terrorist attacks) would be an important measure because any country should be given the right to protect its citizens in different parts of the world.

At the same time, it is clear that expanding the range of powers of one particular country can cause controversial reactions of representatives of other countries; in fact, officials in other countries would also be likely to express their willingness to arrest people committing crimes against their citizens in any part of the world. In fact, certain researchers already think that the United States aims to get unique rights in this sphere (Frantz, 2017).

And if every country is allowed to do so, there would be a misbalance in the global legal system. Therefore, I suppose that these problems should be addressed by governments of countries where terrorist attacks occur and embassies (Babalola, 2014). Another important issue is related to the ability of law enforcement personnel in the United States to arrest those people who organize terrorist attacks or other crimes against Americans but stay in other countries.

This case is different from the previous one because it is a fact that crimes occur in the territory of the United States. Trying to address the problem, many countries sign extradition treaties, but sometimes, due to certain political controversies, it can be difficult for countries to collaborate in an effective manner (Sorensen, 2013). And when there is no extradition treaty signed by countries (like in the case of Russia), it becomes difficult to redress an injustice (Herrington, 2015).

Conclusion

In my personal opinion, all countries should be forced to deliver criminals organizing terrorist attacks and other illegal acts abroad in case if there is enough evidence proving their implication in a crime. At the same time, it can be supposed that permitting representatives of different countries to arrest criminals outside of their countries can result in unlawful actions and conflicts between security officials of different countries.

References

Babalola, A. (2014). Extradition under international law: Tool for the apprehension of fugitives. JL Pol’y & Globalization, 22(1), 25.

Frantz, E. (2017). “Borderers” and fugitives. Reviews in American History, 45(1), 65-72.

Head, I. (2015). Lost in translation. Quadrant, 59(7/8), 48.

Herrington, W. C. (2015). “Snowed in” in Russia: A historical analysis of American and Russian extradition and how to Snowden saga might Impact the future. Wash. UJL & Pol’y, 48(1), 321.

Sorensen, J. S. (2013). The interplay between the executive and judicial branches in extradition. Litigation, 40, 60.

Worrall, J. L. (2015). Crime control in America: What works? (The 3d edition). New York, NY: Pearson Higher Ed.

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IvyPanda. 2021. "International Law: Extradition of Terrorists." May 13, 2021. https://ivypanda.com/essays/international-law-extradition-of-terrorists/.

References

IvyPanda. (2021) 'International Law: Extradition of Terrorists'. 13 May.

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