The considered issue of the water crisis in Jordan is a pressing problem not only for the state itself but also for nearby countries. In particular, the facts about enmity with Israel exacerbate the local political situation, and in the face of the shortage of this valuable natural resource, the struggle for control over the Dead Sea becomes fiercer (www #1). At the same time, this previously large water area is shrinking, and the countries have to make additional efforts to preserve it. Therefore, this issue is relevant in the context of the Jordanian crisis.
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Regarding the problem of Syrian refugees, the situation is also ambiguous and requires an immediate solution. About 660,000 people from the nearby country have moved to Jordan over the past five years, and since then, the situation has become more difficult, particularly in the north of the state (www #2). The demand for clean and drinking water has increased, while no new sources have emerged there. As a result, foreign policy differences have become another factor that entailed the crisis.
The role of climate change as one of the main causes of water scarcity in Jordan is an essential mentioning. The increase in temperature, which leads to a constant need for moisture, has exceeded all permissible norms, and compared with the period 1981-2000, the number and duration of dry periods have doubled (www #3). Water in reservoirs also cannot be the way of solving the problem since it is at an all-time low — “only one-fifth full” (www #3). As a result, rare rains do not contribute to an increase in reserves, and the state is forced to look for additional methods to supply the population with clean water.