The research on the Identification of the Mental Health Patient as a Culturally Unique Population in the Post-Anaesthesia Care Unit by Tomes Montei and Dawn Woten (2013) was approved by the relevant institutional review board. The researchers obtained informed consent from all participants of the study, but no information was provided regarding anonymity or confidentiality. The vulnerability of the subjects was factored in the research design, and this affected the approach to this research. However, despite this fact, there was no coercion on the part of the researchers (Broyles, 2006). The subjects had no opportunity to ask questions irrespective of the fact that they were informed on the importance of the study and could obtain the research findings.
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The research problem was clearly identified with a succinct problem statement. The study variables were clearly defined, and it was clear from the design of the research that this was qualitative research. Empirical data was also used, and the study’s approach indicates that it was an ethical study. On the same note, a feasibility study was not conducted.
A concise literature review is evident, but it was not comprehensive. The sources used were relevant to the study, and they were critically appraised in addition to having a logical flow. Furthermore, the author used current resources with little use of direct quotes from them. They could be easily identified as primary or secondary sources and were cited correctly on the reference page.
There was a clear identification of a nursing theory framework that was appropriate. The concepts were exhaustively defined, with the relationships between them clearly explained, and the research question was supported by a hypothesis that was clearly stated. Moreover, the study findings were adequately related to the study framework, and they served to actually help the framework (Nieswiadomy, 2012).
The hypothesis was stated through the use of a declarative statement. The idea and study problem went hand in hand. It is also worth pointing out that two variables were used in the population. The nature of the hypothesis could be empirically tested, and it was a unidirectional hypothesis.
The study design was elaborated clearly, and the research question can be answered without necessarily having to test the hypothesis. In addition to that, the research sets a cause and effect relationship between the research variables. Moreover, the study employs the use of a non-experimental design. However, the most appropriate approach to be employed would be an experimental design. The control of extraneous variables in this design approach draws the researchers to use descriptive methods to control various aspects, such as subject characteristics.
The phenomenon being studied can only be addressed most appropriately through the use of a qualitative design strategy (Tomes, Montei & Woten, 2013). The qualitative approach used in carrying out the research was not explicitly mentioned. The study findings will indeed have a significant impact in the field of nursing and, precisely, the approach of nursing towards mentally ill patients. Sick mentally patients require special care that can be offered through this approach. There is no evidence of bias in the data collection strategy. Finally, the research goes ahead and makes suggestions for further studies on the same. However, there is a need to use various study methods in such an endeavor so as to test as many approaches appropriate for mentally ill patients as possible.
Broyles, R. W. (2006). Fundamentals of Statistics in Health Administration. New York: Jones & Bartlett.
Nieswiadomy, R. M. (2012). Foundations of Nursing Research (6th ed.). New York: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Tomes, C., Montei, V., & Woten, D. (2013). Identification of the Mental Health Patient as a Culturally Unique Population in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit. Web.