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Monotheism: Jews, Christians, and Muslims Essay (Critical Writing)

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Updated: Jul 14th, 2022

Most people tend to assume that the God of Islam, Allah, is a ferocious and war-like deity contrary to that of Christianity or Judaism, who are linked to mercy and love. Even though there are significant differences for practicing religion, Muslims, Jews, and Christians worship the similar God. Muhammad, the founder of Islam, considered himself the last line of prophets who reached back to Jesus, Moses, Abraham, and can be traced back to Noah. The Quran indicated that God showed Muhammad the Book with the truth and confirmed what transpired before it to guide the people. However, it is not astonishing that the God of Muhammad, Jesus Christ, and Moses had a comparably complicated and ambiguous character because Muhammad inherited the understanding of God from the Jewish and Christians (Gillman, 2003). Such consideration highlights the mixture of benevolence and compassion and wrath and anger that can be manifested in the different personalities. For instance, if you were obedient to Prophet Muhammad, he could be light and tolerant, but being in the wrong could be deleterious.

For people who turned to God after sinning through repentance, He is considered to be merciful and all-forgiving. On the other hand, individuals who failed to repent for their sins are likely to face His judgment and wrath (Gillman, 2003). I support that Jews, Christians, and Muslims all start with the story initially introduced in the Hebrew Bible, beginning with the Book of Genesis and the Garden of Eden. From the book, God is portrayed as almighty, all-knowing, and everlasting, which is essential in understanding the role of monotheism. In any case, it is anything but a God that is strange to the ordinary individual, and to the prophets who are particularly near God. Indeed, even Moses, the Jewish prophet who is additionally a significant figure in the Qur’an, is prevented an unmistakable view from getting this God. In the Book of Exodus, when Moses asks who is God, he is replied that He is who He, which shows the complexity in describing Him.

Consequently, our enigmatic God is worried that the Jews follow an occasionally severe moral set of principles. The provision of the Ten Commandments at Mt. Sinai was viewed as a realigning of a two-way relationship where the Jewish consent to be better individuals and God, reciprocally, consents to focus on them. According to the Jews, God was completely portrayed in the Torah, and He was both good and evil. For instance, God asked Abraham to sacrifice his only son, approved the killing of the Baal prophets by Elijah, and drowned the army of Pharaoh (Gillman, 2003). Since the period of Moses, Jewish erudite people have attempted to characterize this relationship with the inconspicuous Creator. If the agreement or pledge, a person might ask for what reason do awful things happen to great individuals consistently? Is it true that people are allowed to do things that unexpected God, or have every one of our choices been a piece of God’s arrangement previously chosen? These are nevertheless a couple of the critical inquiries left unanswered for some. On the off chance that Jews find out about this God, the expectation is that they may bear their natural enduring somewhat more bravely realizing that a bigger arrangement is set up.

From the scripts, the Jewish God indeed remains in every case barely too far since He loved Israel like a father to his only son. For example, I support Maimonides who contended that God cannot be the object of human understanding, that none yet Himself fathoms what He is, and that our insight comprises in realizing that we cannot genuinely appreciate Him (Gillman, 2003). God’s love and compassion can be indicated in the Book of Psalms, where His goods and mercies are embraced by all followers. How could it be feasible to have any sort of significant relationship with a God that we cannot reasonably grasp? For rationalists like Martin Buber, we need to figure out how to address God like a companion that we may not completely comprehend. Buber stressed that a cracked relationship with God would prompt broken relations with one another. Since the judicious line of examination is so frequently impeded, Jews have customarily attempted to discover substitute methods of discovering God, such as investigating their confidence through adoring, aching, and humor.

The Gospels of the New Testament indicate that the God of Jesus had a comparably ambiguous character. For instance, He is mentioned as a personal God and referred to as Father in prayers. Even though He is depicted as tender and loving, the God of Jesus remains ruthless and just. Jesus was similar to the Old Testament prophets in preaching about doom and gloom. For instance, he offered Israel the last opportunity to heed his message for God would be merciless with them (Gillman, 2003). Jesus gives assurance to his followers that God will judge them at the ends of times and the dead will be resuscitated, and the blessed few will receive everlasting life, as the rest are cast in hell.

Also, the God of Muhammad indicated that the God of Justice would act at the end of the world. Such consideration is comparable to the God of Jesus. For example, the dead will be resurrected and receive judgment based on their earthy deeds. Muhammad noted that those to be saved will be placed on the right hand, while people damned for hell on the left (Gillman, 2003). The delights of paradise will await the saved people. And for those who died in the cause or pursuit of Allah will need no Last Judgment, as they will go straight into heaven.

Overall, Jews, Christians, and Muslims have a comparable God from whom people tend to seek salvation and obedience to enjoy the goodness and evade wrath. Both religious groups consider surrendering to God and obeying His commands as a key to salvation. Allah, the God of Muhammad, is considered a lawmaker as the God of Moses. The Quran offers a guide to the Muslim communities on marriage and family law, inheritance, food, warfare, and punishments, like the Bible to Christians. All Muslims, Jews, and Christians do worship a similarly complex and equivocal God. Since the three religions proclaim a full and final revelation of one God, their hallmark of unity and cause of division can be realized. For example, each group of faithful are attributed to the truth of one religion and falseness of the others leading to an inevitable conflict between the believers and nonbelievers, saved and the unsaved. Such considerations breed the seed of religious intolerance and violence. Therefore, the God of Muhammad, Moses, and Jesus tend to divide people as much as He unites them.


Gillman, N. (2003). My Jewish Learning. Web.

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