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Paris and Luxembourg’ Main Features Comparison Essay

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Updated: Aug 13th, 2020

Luxembourg and Paris are two European capitals where French is an official language. Thus, the French language can be viewed as the main theme that these cities have in common. Nonetheless, despite having a similar geographical location and the same official language, these cities have differences in such categories as urban agglomeration and changes in the percentage of the population. Analyzing variables about these concepts will help the reader understand the key dissimilarities between these French-speaking European capitals.

Key Findings

Annual Total Population (thousands) Population in Capital Cities (thousands) Annual Population Urban Agglomeration (thousands) Average Annual Change in Urban Population (percentage)
2005-2010 2015-2020 2020-2025 2005-2010 2015-2020 2020-2025 2005-2010 2015-2020 2020 -2025 2005-2010 2015-2020 2020-2025
France 63,231 64,983 67,967 9,740 10,764 11,683 22,861 24,521 25,068 0.31 0.28 0.27
Paris 9,740 10,764 11,683 9,740 10,764 11,683 10,460 11,271 11,565 0.30 0.25 0.20
Luxembourg 508 543 608 508 543 543 508 543 543 0.45 0.27 0.20

Table 1. Selected variables, changes by years (Population Division: Capital cities, 2014; Population Division: Annual total, 2014; Population Division: Urban population, 2014; Population Division: Urban agglomeration, 2014).

To compare the principle features of Paris and Luxembourg, several variables have been selected. Within this context, using well-defined timeframes such as a) 2005-2010; b) 2015-2020; and c) 2020-2025 will help monitor the changes over the chosen periods. The selection of these periods is rational. For instance, the years 2005-2010 are associated with a substantial financial crisis, leading to the rise of urbanization due to a high unemployment rate in rural areas (Park, Pempel, & Xiao, 2012). In turn, options b) and c) offer a clear understanding of the current situation and provide forecasting for the future.

Table 1 presents the critical findings based on a statistical analysis of the data available online. In this case, it describes the findings regarding the annual total population, population in capital cities and urban agglomerations, and average annual change in the percentage of urban residents. Overall, Paris and France have higher numbers than Luxembourg, and the reasons for that will be depicted in the next section.

Analysis and Discussion

The primary finding is the fact that Paris has high ratings about all the selected variables. In turn, both areas are experiencing growth due to their development and financial prosperity. Nonetheless, by the end of 2020, the percentage of growth will decrease, but the overall population will continue its positive shift by 0.20% in both cities (Population Division: Urban population, 2014).

One of the reasons for this difference is the geographical location. Luxembourg and Paris have similar features, but Paris has a well-developed transportation network, which increases its connection with other countries (Bruzzi & Gibson, 2013). Furthermore, Paris is recognized as one of the most important world capitals, with a consequent substantial contribution to the global economy and sphere of the arts (Bruzzi & Gibson, 2013). Simultaneously, Paris offers more job opportunities, attracts more tourists, and provides favorable conditions to immigrants, though the major population inflows are from other French agglomerations and rural areas (Bruzzi & Gibson, 2013). Nonetheless, Luxembourg is beginning to gain in popularity, but its growth rates are lower due to its governmental structure. A combination of these factors explains the rapid development of Paris and higher population numbers than Luxembourg can boast.

Conclusion

In the end, despite some similarities in geographical location and the similarity of French as one of the official languages, Luxembourg and Paris have different variables regarding population and growth rates. In this case, Luxembourg has lower values in all measurements, as it is less attractive to immigrants and is not recognized as one of the leaders of the global economy. Nevertheless, both of these European capitals are expected to increase in population, though over time the rate of population change will decrease.

References

Bruzzi, S., & Gibson, P. (2013). Fashion cultures revisited: Theories, exploration, and analysis. London, UK: Routledge.

Park, J., Pempel, T., & Xiao, G. (2012). Asian responses to the global financial crisis: The impact of regionalism and the role of G20. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.

Population Division: Annual total population. (2014). Web.

Population Division: Capital cities. (2014). Web.

Population Division: Urban agglomeration. (2014). Web.

Population Division: Urban population. (2015). Web.

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