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Political & Social History of France in Paintings Essay

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Updated: Jun 15th, 2020

The political and social history of France is very complex. Some of the events experienced in the country include the July Revolution, Second Republic, and Second Empire. These historical events and revolutions took place between 1830 and 1870. The July Revolution made France a constitutional kingdom. This political event created the best conditions for economic growth. Eugene Delacroix’s “Liberty Leading the People” summarizes the events experienced in France during the July Revolution. During the period, many people came together in order to fight for their liberty and freedom. This painting is one of the best artworks by Delacroix. The individuals portrayed by Eugene in the artwork are fighting in order to become free. According to the painting, the people are struggling in an attempt to make their country much better. This painting by Delacroix is meaningful because it analyzes informs the viewer about the issues encountered by the French people during the period.

“Liberty Leading the People” by Eugene Delacroix.

Eugene Delacroix painted another masterpiece in 1834. The name of the painting was “The Women of Algiers”. The people of France were ready to colonize different countries across the world. The painting explores the issue of colonialism. The three white women in the painting are dressed in a proper manner. The painter uses the artwork to explore the challenges and problems encountered by many African nations during the colonial period. Many Algerians became servants after the Revolution of 1830. These servants played a critical role towards supporting the economy of France. Many people in the France enjoyed a new sense of freedom. This remarkable work of art by Eugene examines the unique socio-economic issues encountered by the people of France during the period.

“Women of Algiers” by Eugene Delacroix.

Jean Francois Millet’s “The Gleaners” is one of his best artworks. The artwork appears to glorify the efforts of every peasant farmer in France during the period. The painting reminds the society about the history of France. The efforts of these gleaners played a critical role towards supporting the economy of France. Many landowners in the country were unhappy with this painting by Jean Francois. The artwork also became one of the best examples of realism. According to the painting, every poor citizen was unable to benefit from the national cake. The painting also examines why many people in France were unable to become rich because of inequality. The artwork also explains why the country decided to embrace agriculture in order to realize its economic goals. It was also the best time to address the socio-economic issues affecting the people of France.

“The Gleaners” by Jean Francois Millet.
The Stonebreakers.
“The Stonebreakers” by Gustave Courbet.

Gustave Courbet’s “The Stonebreakers” informs the viewer about the harsh conditions experienced by different workers in the country. The stonebreakers encountered numerous challenges. The boy depicted in the painting is also very young. The old man in the painting is also unable to complete his duties as a stonebreaker. The artwork explains why most of the miners encountered unfavorable working conditions. The artist also appears to sympathize with these miners. Many factory owners abused their workers and peasant farmers. According to the painter, it was appropriate for the country to embrace new social and economic policies. The practice was necessary towards supporting the needs of every citizen.

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