Chul and Majumdar1 (2012) critically discuss the importance of reliable energy resources in the growth and development of a nation. While energy plays a vital role in the prosperity of any economy, its accessibility and affordability have been a major issue of concern. The spate of economic growth witnessed during the industrial revolution era was largely witnessed owing to the availability of energy as a major resource factor.
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This calls for sustainability in the energy resources required to spur economic growth. The authors posit that several clean energy alternatives exist in the current century. A case in point is the generation of electric energy using water and solar. Besides, they argue that microbes can be engineered to generate biological fuels instead of overreliance in fossil fuels. The perspectives offered by the authors defend the fact sustainable energy can also be realized if the green energy initiative is embraced across the board.
In particular, the authors mention that key sectors such as those that deal with transportation another production of energy should be put into focus because they immensely impact on sustainable energy across the globe. This research study goes on to demonstrate the fact the present energy landscape is under threat, and hence, there is an urgent need for policymakers to undertake several research activities on sustainable energy.
The main purpose of the authors is to discuss the available opportunities and prevailing challenges that face the energy sector. Chul and Majumdar1 (2012) articulate that during the industrial revolution era, there were myriads of opportunities for growth and development. In other words, the availability of various forms of energy was a major impetus in the growth process of early industries.
The affordability of the sources of energy was also a major gain during the industrial revolution era. It is interesting to mention that the 21st-century era is marred by uncountable energy challenges that ought to be addressed. As it stands now, the global population seems to have surpassed the available energy resources. the seven billion people are overstretching the conventional methods that have been used for a long time in the production of electric energy.
The modern transportation infrastructure is also overwhelmed bearing in mind that liquid fuels derived from petroleum are the main source of energy. This trend has altered the global energy landscape. The authors think that unless the current energy-use trends are reversed, the world’s energy landscape may undergo complete alteration to the detriment of human life.
The article has been constructed around both primary and secondary research. Both qualitative and quantitative data form part and parcel of the study. For example, illustrations in the form of graphs and charts assist the audience to understand the thesis and content of the article. The authors have equally employed adequate use of statistics to support the arguments presented in the study. Examples based on the development and challenges of energy since the 18th century provide critical insights into the research article.
Chul and Majumdar1 (2012) have indeed done their job well throughout the article. For instance, the introduction is concise, and vividly outlines the contents of the article. Second, a comparative study of the past and present energy demands creates a clear picture of the prevailing challenges.
Finally, several alternatives for clean, safe, and affordable energy form the epitome of the research article. Apart from the current challenges in the energy and transportation sectors, the authors appeal to logic, ethics, and emotion of the targeted audience. These explain why I agree with the proposals presented in the article.
Chul, S. & Majumdar1, A. (2012). Opportunities and challenges for a sustainable energy future. Nature 488, 294-303.