Early African societies shared certain aspects even though the African culture was non-uniform. Animation was utilized in religious beliefs such that nature was used to elaborate to people their way of life. Traditional beliefs were passed on across successful generations orally hence the elders had unique status. In every society, specific tasks were undertaken by particular kin groups or families. Some of the earliest kingdoms in Africa include Benin, Ghana and Zimbabwe.
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Oral literature was the earliest form of African literature. However, the Arabic script was introduced by Muslims in East Africa, which eventually saw the development of Swahili. African artists prepared their works for ritual purposes and secular leaders. Natural phenomena and animals were the common symbols. Masks were used to either transform or conceal identity (Cunningham & Reich, 2009, p. 529-530).
The cultural and ethnic assortment of the UK has been shaped by its values. First, politeness and courtesy are among the attributes that the British are renowned for. The British society is founded on manners and etiquette following the influence from the social class system and royalty. Second, the British also use the English language to express caustic and sarcastic humor. Third, Britons are time conscious and value punctuality especially in keeping appointments.
Fourth, they follow rules and regulations. Queuing is common. Fourth, they value privacy and it’s therefore important to respect personal space. It may be impolite to go asking someone’s income, background and occupation. Additionally, there is gender equality where women are accorded equal rights with men. This applies in all aspects of life such in remuneration, responsibilities and travel (Anon, 2010, p. 52-56).
Anon, (2010). Cultural values and believes. Web.
Cunningham, L.S. & Reich, J.J. (2009). Culture & Values, Volume II: A Survey of the Humanities with Readings [With Access Code]. Boston: Cengage Learning.