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Nowadays, we live in the world, in which the most of the leading countries declare the supremacy of law based on the democratic values and the human rights. However, the discussions of the problem of the human rights protection are still urgent in the society. The cases of their violations do still occur in the modern world.
The aim of this essay is to discuss the problem of human rights in the USA and all over the world.
The Definition and Explication of the Human Rights
Various organizations as well as the individual scholars explain the term of the human rights from their own point of view. Many of them describe it in context of the issues actual for the society of their native countries. The United Nations Organization proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on 10 December 1948 (“Universal Declaration” n.pag.).
The document was signed one year after the end of the World War II, when the mankind was concerned about the recovery of the social well-being and about the prevention of the repeat of the terrible events of the WWII in the future. The document laid the foundations of the law protection of the human rights.
The first article of the Declaration states, “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood” (“The Universal Declaration” n.pag.). The text of the document supports the highest human values and encourages people to behave ethically in relation to each other.
However, we know from history that the simple declaration of the human rights is not enough to make the society free from the bias, hate, and violence. The racial discrimination in the United States was the obvious example in this respect. The decades were necessary to overcome it.
The activity of the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL), which is responsible for the protection of the human rights in the United States, is based on the following key principles: striving to learn the truth and state the facts, taking consistent positions, and facilitating and supporting partnerships (“Human Rights” n.pag.).
The human rights are often supported by the legal documents of the international law and the local law of the particular countries. The individual rights in the US were firstly proclaimed and legally documented in the Declaration of Independence of 1776, which was written by Tomas Jefferson (“A Brief History” n.pag.).
However, the struggle for the human rights and other democratic values did not stop at that time. Nowadays, the US Constitution guarantees the human rights to every citizen and it maintains them as the legal rights (Dowling p.96). Their realization is the responsibility of the US government. Many human rights movements strive to monitor the realization of human rights and make public aware of the cases of their violations.
In order to sum up all above mentioned, it should be said that the human rights are the vital element of the jural state. They are supported by the numerous legal documents. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was signed after the WWII. It proclaims the highest values including the personal freedom and the equality of rights for all. In the US, the human rights are guaranteed by the US Constitution.
“A Brief History of Human Rights”. Humanrights.com. 2013. Web.
Dowling, Noel T. “Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.” Essential Human Rights 243 (1946): 96-100. Print.
“Human Rights”. State.gov. n.d. Web.
“The Universal Declaration of Human Rights”. Un.org. n.d. Web.
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“Universal Declaration of Human Rights”. Ohchr.org. 2012. Web.