The improvement of the people’s quality of life is the main purpose of the world health organisations and institutions. Biomedical scientists along with doctors and authorities work to make the nations healthier.
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Many products of the biotechnological research contribute to the improvement of the people’s health and increase of the life expectancy. Vaccines as the products of biotechnology are widely used today in medicine to predict a lot of severe diseases along with eliminating the diseases’ spread round the world.
The specifics of vaccines’ effects are based on the increase of the people’s immunity. From this point, vaccines can guarantee the prolonged effect and protect from infections and diseases’ development completely. Vaccines are important for the development of the healthy society in developed and developing countries because they help people predict and overcome severe and deadly diseases.
Vaccines are specific mixtures which contain weakened or killed bacteria or viruses, or parts of viruses depending on the type of a vaccine. Vaccines are developed to imitate the infection and stimulate the organism to produce specific antibodies which can fight this or that virus. When the organism overcomes the virus from the vaccine, the immune system develops the immunity against this type of viruses (Rappuoli et al. 2011).
As a result, the person’s body can successfully fight the further infections associated with the definite disease. In spite of the fact the principle of a vaccine’s work is rather simple, there are a lot of debates on the effectiveness and safety of vaccines. That is why, it is significant to pay attention to the role, importance, and potentials of using vaccines in medicine.
Focusing on the impact of vaccines on the individual health, it is necessary to pay attention to the fact that vaccines are more effective than any other types of medical prevention and treatment of diseases. The human organism develops his own immune system to protect the body from infections. That is why, vaccines are important to help people overcome the severe diseases without being infected.
Moreover, the stimulation of the immunity contributes to the whole improvement of the people’s health. The developed immunisation schedule provides people with the opportunity to protect people from the majority of infectious diseases, contributing also to decreasing the costs associated with treatment (Schuchat 2011).
The role of vaccination in coping with viruses and bacteria from which suffered the previous generations cannot be overestimated.
Nevertheless, it is also important to concentrate on the larger scope of vaccines’ effects on the global population’s health. Vaccination is the necessary measure to avoid a lot of infections spread in developing countries. From this perspective, vaccination is effective to reduce the rate of severe and incurable diseases not only in developed countries but also round the globe.
The focus on vaccination helped reduce the rates of infectious diseases in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Some severe diseases which caused thousands of deaths decades ago can be discussed as preventive today because of the possibilities provided by the development of biotechnology (Lin et al. 2010).
Today, vaccination can be discussed as the only preventive measure which can help people cope with the spread of such diseases as hepatitis B, varicella, yellow fever, typhoid, cholera, encephalitis, and rabies. That is why, immunisation programmes supported by authorities and social organisations are the first step to increasing the quality of the people’s life globally.
Asia, Africa, and Latin America remain to be discussed as regions where the risks of infections are the highest. To eliminate the diseases’ rates and to cope with the problem not only at the local level but also at the global level, vaccination is chosen as the most effective measure. It is important to note that vaccination of the part of population can contribute to elimination of diseases among the whole community.
The only challenge which can prevent the effective realisation of immunisation programs is the necessity of repeated vaccinations. The negative reaction of many people in relation to the effects of vaccination depends on expecting the immediate results when vaccination can be realised in several steps to guarantee the best effect (Rappuoli et al. 2011).
However, the decrease in mortality in many developing countries should be explained with references to the positive effects of vaccination. From this point, it is possible to contribute to the improvement of the global population’s health with the help of using vaccines.
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Immunisation of adults and children in the developed countries help prevent millions of infections, severe consequences of diseases, premature deaths, and people’s hospitalisation (Schuchat 2011).
The global immunisation programs are associated with demands of developing countries, but the majority of developed countries focus on vaccination as the measure to predict severe diseases and overcome the annually changed types of influenza infection. The main issue connected with immunisation programmes to predict influenza is the side effects and safety of vaccination.
In their article, Black and the group of researchers discuss the possible effects of vaccination which are not associated with the cases of influenza diseases. The researchers state that side effects are observed, but the immunity of vaccinated people also improves (Black et al. 2009). Moreover, all the discussed side effects and syndromes are caused by the individual peculiarities of the people’s health conditions.
The development of vaccination can not only change the characteristic features of the people’s life span but also facilitate the treatment of cancer and many chronic diseases of the infectious nature. According to Rappuoli and the group of researchers, the health of the further generations directly depends on the successes in the development of new vaccines (Rappuoli et al. 2011).
Thus, today the vaccine to prevent tumours is developed, but it is possible to observe only starting stages of the process. Nevertheless, the development of biotechnology along with the focus on development of vaccines can provide people with hope that such agents and diseases as tuberculosis and HIV will be prevented with the help of vaccines in the future (Rappuoli et al. 2011).
The future of medicine is closely associated with biotechnology because such products of biomedical sciences as vaccination are necessary to help people decrease the rates of mortality, eliminate severe and fatal diseases, and to improve the quality of the people’s life with references to increasing the life expectancy.
Vaccines work to stimulate the human immunity. As a result, people can fight viruses and bacteria with the help of their own bodies’ powers developing the immunity against the definite type of viruses or bacteria. That is why, vaccination can be discussed as the real method to assist developing countries to cope with the consequences of poverty and insanitary conditions.
Black, S, Eskola, J, Siegrist, C, & Halsey, N 2009, “Importance of background rates of disease in assessment of vaccine safety during mass immunisation with pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccines”, Lancet, vol. 374 no. 97, 2115-2122.
Lin, C, Nowalk, M, Toback, S, & Rousculp, M 2010, “Importance of vaccination habit and vaccine choice”, Vaccine, vol. 28 no. 10, 7706-7712.
Rappuoli, R, Mandl, C, Black, S, & Gregorio, E 2011, “Vaccines for the twenty-first century society”, Nature Reviews Immunology , vol. 4 no. 1, 1-8.
Schuchat, A 2011, “Human vaccines and their importance to public health”, Procedia in Vaccinology, vol. 5 no. 1, 120–126.