Pedro Calosa was a Filipino who organized a revolt against the feudal system formed by foreigners in their land. The system focused on developing their land without improving the worker’s conditions. In addition, the revolt intended to make known their Church, which was called PIC, Philippine Independent Church.
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This Church was also referred to as the church of poor Filipinos as well as the oppressed. During this church’s inception, it was meant for the underprivileged, the oppressed as well as the landless along with those disenfranchised (MSC Communications Technologies, Inc. 1). This church was started by Calosa and his followers, who were mainly poor and oppressed.
These were peasants, who labored on feudal farms. According to the then Governor’s secretary, Calosa’s organization was deemed as aimed at looting the Landlords and officials, which was not the case as they only destroyed property as well as records instead (Miller 239).
Calosa started by organizing peasants together for this revolution, aiming to stop the oppression that kept them poor and disenfranchised. This leader was a veteran, and organized this strike in 1924 on Hawaiian plantations.
This led to his banishment from Hawaii back to Philippine territory for organizing a union. The revolt was known as Tayug Colorum and deplored the feudal system for poor land tenure without success.
The tenants who were grieved were tenants across Luzon. This revolt did not succeed as it only lasted a day, leading to Calosa’s capture and his subsequent arrest.
His sentence was between fourteen years to forty to a Pilipino prison. Calosa later died in 1967, his killer is still unknown. The revolt activities included besieging garrison in 1931, led by 1931.
They burned most of the land titles, debts, tax records as well as tenancy contracts. The casualties were two Americans and three other officers, although the group of 70 was prosecuted (Beck 1).
Beck, Sanderson. “Philippines to 1949”. EAST ASIA 1800-1949. 08.06.2011.08.06.2011. http://san.beck.org/21-10-Philippinesto1949.html
Boquiren, Rowena-Reyes. “History Of Colonialism And Struggle: Local Streams In Philippine Nationalism”. Prepared for the 1999 Ibon Philippine Educators Training, Baguio City. 08.06.1999.08.06.2011. Web.
Miller, Stuart. “Benevolent Assimilation”. Boston Journal. p. 239.
MSC Communications Technologies, Inc. “Central Luzon and NCR: Felipe Salvador”. Centennial Resource Book: Ang mga Pilipino sa Ating Kasaysayan. 09.02.2010.08.06.2011. http://www.msc.edu.ph/centennial/hero/ncr/page10.html