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Would Be War in the Future Essay

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Updated: Apr 2nd, 2022

Introduction

After the collapse of USSR, the world of two super powers ceased to exist. At present, scholars agree that the future of the world is multipolar, i.e. the world will be divided into several superpowers effectively cooperating with each other. Though, it is necessary to note that some scholars are less optimistic and stress that conflicts will still occur in the future and those conflicts can even lead to wars. At the same time, many scholars admit that there can be conflicts but they will not cause wars. Adam Roberts, Robert Jervis, and John Ikenberry agree that wars are unlikely to happen in the future due to the development of a new world order, though the researchers have different views on the future world order.

There Will Be No War in the Future

First, it is necessary to stress that the researchers believe that there will be a community of states cooperating efficiently. The community will have certain charts or sets of rules. These rules will regulate the states’ activities and policies. The researchers agree that the very existence of such a community will ensure peace as all the states will share similar values (Art & Jervis 373). The states are likely to strive for the good of all. Admittedly, there can be certain conflicts within the community. However, the conflicts will not lead to wars as the states will find different solutions. The community ensures that the states are interested in peaceful solutions rather than wars which will be equally detrimental for all members of the community.

It is also necessary to note that the researchers agree that the world will be multipolar. Therefore, the researchers rely on the hierarchy used in the power transition theory. The community will still have certain traits of hierarchy. Dominant states will have more power while small powers will have to follow the rules created by the former.

Different Viewpoints

As has been mentioned above, the researchers agree that there will be a community of states existing in terms of new world order. Thus, Roberts notes that conflicts will be present as dominant powers will strive for more power due to their economic and social stability (Art & Jervis 376). The researcher also claims that ethnic issues will still be burning and can threaten the existence of the community and the peace in the world.

Ikenberry is more optimistic about the future as the researcher believes that international institutions will ensure peace in the world. The researcher claims that institutions can help states cooperate effectively and achieve a certain balance. Remarkably, the researcher also stresses that these institutions can enable states to gain more power as well as achieve internal stability (Art & Jervis 386). The researcher notes that international institutions will also be effective in preventing conflicts as members of those institutions will have similar goals and will understand possible threats to their peaceful future.

Jervis is also very optimistic about the future as the researcher claims that the major reason for wars is anarchy in the world. The existence of the community ensures balance in the world (Art & Jervis 547). Admittedly, there will be certain conflicts or tension between the members of the community. Nonetheless, such conflicts will not lead to wars.

Conclusion

On balance, it is possible to note that existing international institutions can be regarded as an illustration of the effective cooperation of different states. The global community is possible and it can help people avoid military conflicts in the future. Though, it is necessary to remember that some conflicts will never cease to exist.

References

Art, Robert J., and Robert Jervis, eds. International Politics: Enduring Concepts and Contemporary Issues. Boston: Longman, 2011. Print.

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IvyPanda. 2022. "Would Be War in the Future." April 2, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/would-be-war-in-the-future/.

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