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Application of Healthcare IT in Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases Essay (Critical Writing)

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Updated: Mar 12th, 2022

The human heart is the core of the cardiovascular system. The human heart pumps blood to all the body’s cells. Blood circulating in the body carries oxygen; this oxygen is needed by the cells in the human body. Cardiovascular disease is a collection of problems that take place when the blood vessels and the heart aren’t running the way they should. (Blank, 1997) Cardiovascular diseases seem to be the leading cause of death in many countries around the world. It also causes disability and stroke among many heart disease people. There are many types of cardiovascular disease. However, the most common form of heart disease is the reduction or obstruction of the coronary arteries, which deliver blood to the heart muscle. Heart disease treatment options available vary, as there are many different forms of heart disease that affect the human heart. (Foody, 2001)

Application

The treatment of the patients, diagnosed with coronary artery disease (CAD), can now be fulfilled through a new computer system usage, which is called CHARLESTON. It should be noted that this system provides promise in the process of ability enhancement in coronary computed tomography angiography (CT); it is aimed at ruling out significant stenosis (narrowing) of a patient’s coronary arteries.

One can stimulate the process of excluding significant blockage or reducing the heart vessels by means of using ca. “It provides considerable potential in assisting the reduction of unnecessary hospitalizations through this new computer system help”. (Medical University of South Carolina, 2010)

Schoepf (2009) states that “computer-aided detection has been integrated into clinical practice for a number of diseases, but surprisingly to date not to CAD.” (Medical University of South Carolina, 2010)

Increasingly coronary CT angiography is being used as a non-invasive procedure for coronary blood vessel analysis, particularly as a means to rule out major disease in patients with atypical presentation. (The Noninvasive Health Center, 2010)

Schoepf (2009) noted, “The findings of this study suggest that if used as a ‘second reader,’ the high negative predictive value demonstrated by this system may enhance the confidence and efficiency”. (Medical University of South Carolina, 2010)

The system called the COR Analyzer(r) were evaluated by Schoef and others in a study, with CT in patients who also underwent invasive coronary catheter angiography due to assumed CAD. “The system was developed and supported by the Acadia Medical Imaging being FDA-cleared.” (Medical University of South Carolina, 2010)

The study based on the analysis of the patients, who were cleared by the system, demonstrated the fact that nobody had shown significant stenosis. The researches proved the fact that the system under analysis had relatively high accuracy in detecting significant stenosis. (Medical University of South Carolina, 2010)

Schoepf (2009) continued, “Compared to computer systems developed for other diseases, the performance of the algorithm evaluated here is comparatively high.” (Medical University of South Carolina, 2010)

Conclusion

All the 19 patients were recognized to have significant stenosis in any vessel, as it was stressed by the COR Analyzer; this method demonstrated the figures excluding stenosis in 26 of 40 patients. The study demonstrated that 59 patients, having no identified prior CAD, appeared to have been referred for invasive coronary catheter angiography because of abnormal cardiac blood flow study or chest pain. A similar study underlined that 19 of 59 patients had significant coronary stenosis; besides, stenosis, which was focused on invasive coronary catheter angiography, was ruled out in 40 patients. (Labarthe, 1998)

Patients suffering treatment from CAD is observed through the methods comprising the electrically stimulating process impacting the patient’s vagus nerve at the cardiac branch with a pulse waveform. It is usually delivered at a particular stimulation rate, being determined by subjecting the patient to work out test; the purpose of the test is aimed at regulating the patient’s heart rate to the rate being physiologically secure. (Treatment of Congestive Heart Failure and Autonomic Cardiovascular Drive Disorders, 2010)

References

Blank, R. 1997. The price of life: the future of American health care. Columbia University Press.

Foody, J. 2001.Preventive cardiology: strategies for the prevention and treatment of coronary artery disease. Humana Press.

Labarthe, D 1998. Epidemiology and prevention of cardiovascular diseases: a global challenge. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Medical University of South Carolina, 2010. Web.

Treatment of Congestive Heart Failure and Autonomic Cardiovascular Drive Disorders/ 2010. Web.

The Noninvasive Health Center, 2010. Web.

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