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CO2 emissions are one of the critical problems of the modern age as this substance significantly impacts the environment and the atmosphere and cause the greenhouse effect. For this reason, the creation of the carbon capture procedure can be taken as an important step towards the resolution of the given problem. The process consists of three main stages: trapping and separating CO2 from other emissions, transportation of the captured substance to specific areas, and storing CO2 to avoid its negative impact on the atmosphere. The UK Carbon Capture and Storage Research Centre supports this incentive and uses some governmental funds.
Novel carbon capture technologies are used to remove CO2 from flue gasses. Usually, there are many other substances, such as water vapor, sulphur dioxides, and nitrogen oxides. Carbon is separated from them and is prepared for further use. Innovative approaches provide an opportunity to trap the substance before the fossil fuel is burned. It can be considered a positive factor needed to support the development of the non-carbon energy system in the UK. In the next phase, the captured carbon is transported to the locations that are selected for storing through special pipelines that start at the source of the capture and end at sites with special equipment. Finally, in underground storages, CO2 starts to behave similarly to liquids because of the extremely high pressure.
The given way of storing is an effective one as because of the spaces in rocks, huge amounts of the gas can be stored in small areas. This process can be considered a future of the energy sector as it helps to significantly reduce emissions and solve some environmental issues that are topical today.