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Communicable Disease Health Education Tool: HIV, AIDS Presentation

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Updated: Jun 17th, 2022

Disease Process, Introduction, and Spread

  • The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a contagious that causes a condition known as the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
  • This virus is passed to another person through vaginal fluids, breast milk, blood, and semen.
  • Unprotected sex is the leading mode of infection.
  • Physical contact cannot result in infection.
  • Tears, sweat, and saliva cannot transmit the virus.
  • Despite the initiatives and measures implemented to deal with this communicable disease, new cases continue to be recorded every year.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) indicates that over 3.4 million people in Nigeria are living with this condition (Ajuwon, Komolafe-Opadeji, & Ikhizama, 2014).
  • Statistics also reveal that over 1 million patients are unaware of their medical statuses.
  • This tool can empower and guide more people to protect themselves from the dangers associated with this disease.
Disease Process, Introduction, and Spread Disease Process, Introduction, and Spread

Self-Management Tips

  • HIV/AIDS is a leading cause of death in the developing world.
  • Primary and secondary prevention measures have the potential to deal with this epidemic (Ajuwon et al., 2014).
  • Individuals should engage in a number of self-management practices. Some of these tips include:
    • Frequent testing and counseling.
    • Engaging in protected sex.
    • Using condoms.
    • Infected persons should use ARVs.
    • Mothers infected by HIV should not breastfeed.
    • Balanced diets and healthy food materials.
Self-Management Tips

Diet and Nutritional Directions

  • HIV/AIDS patients should be keen to monitor their nutritional statuses and diets.
  • These insights will serve every person with this communicable condition positively:
    • Avoid soft drinks and sweets.
    • Eat dies high in legumes, whole grains, and vegetables/fruits.
    • Meals should have small quantities of good fats.
    • Proteins and carbohydrates are essential.
Diet and Nutritional Directions

Potential Treatment Options

  • Secondary preventative measures are essential because they guide patients to contain or manage HIV/AIDS.
  • The chances of infecting others with the virus reduce significantly whenever positive treatment methods are put into consideration (Ajuwon et al., 2014).
  • These options are essential for patients who have been diagnosed with this disease:
    • HIV drugs and medicines can be taken daily.
    • The combination of such drugs is known as antiretroviral therapy (ART).
    • Engaging in exercises.
    • Taking appropriate medicines to treat side effects.
Potential Treatment Options

Continuation

  • HIV medicines are known to result in drug-drug interactions.
  • This means that doctors should advice their patients accordingly in order to deliver positive results.
  • Specific issues such as drug resistance should be monitored frequently.
  • This practice will guide physicians to identify the right combinations depending on the unique needs of the targeted individual.
Continuation

Potential Resources

  • Many people in Nigeria can learn a lot about the issues associated with HIV/AIDS from a wide range of resources.
  • Patients can focus on different agencies such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Aids Alliance Organization (AAO). These bodies have websites that offer evidence-based ideas and information that can be embraced by individuals who want to protect themselves from the condition (Mbachu, Okoli, Onwujekwe, & Enabulele, 2017).
  • Additionally, patients can identify new drugs and therapies that can improve their lifestyles and health outcomes.
  • Individuals can also focus on a number of publications and campaigns implemented by the Government of Nigeria in order to know more about the emerging issues associated with this condition.
Potential Resources

Risk Reduction

  • Maartens, Celum, and Lewin (2014) indicate that individuals aged between 15 and 65 are at risk of contracting this condition.
  • The problem of this disease is worsened by the fact that many people are unaware of their HIV statuses.
  • The absence of adequate educational resources is something that makes it impossible for many people to protect themselves from HIV/AIDS.
  • The identification and knowledge of appropriate practices can result in risk reduction, thereby supporting the health needs of many people in this developing country.
Risk Reduction

Continuation

  • These measures/practices have the potential to reduce the risk of contracting this communicable disease:
    • Being tested for HIV at least once every year;
    • Parents should educate their children about the issues associated with HIV/AIDS;
    • Church elders and community leaders should inform more people about this disease;
    • Counseling should be available to persons with HIV/AIDS;
    • Individuals should engage in protected sex;
    • Pregnant women should be tested in order to engage in evidence-based practices.
Continuation

Concluding Remarks

  • Patients should not infect others with the virus.
  • They should be on the lookout for any information about the disease.
  • Patients should embrace the use of ARVs.
  • Cases of rape should be reported immediately.
  • Balanced diets should be taken seriously.
Concluding Remarks

References

Ajuwon, G. A., Komolafe-Opadeji, H. O., & Ikhizama, B. (2014). Librarian-initiated HIV/AIDS prevention intervention program outcome in rural communities in Oyo State, Nigeria. International Quarterly of Community Health Education, 34(4), 367-390. Web.

Maartens, G., Celum, C., & Lewin, S. R. (2014). HIV infection: Epidemiology, pathogenesis, treatment, and prevention. The Lancet, 384(9939), 258-271. Web.

Mbachu, C., Okoli, C., Onwujekwe, O., & Enabulele, F. (2017). Willingness to pay for antiretroviral drugs among HIV and AIDS clients in south-east Nigeria. Health Expectations, 21, 270-278. Web.

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IvyPanda. "Communicable Disease Health Education Tool: HIV, AIDS." June 17, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/communicable-disease-health-education-tool-hiv-aids/.

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IvyPanda. 2022. "Communicable Disease Health Education Tool: HIV, AIDS." June 17, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/communicable-disease-health-education-tool-hiv-aids/.

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IvyPanda. (2022) 'Communicable Disease Health Education Tool: HIV, AIDS'. 17 June.

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