In this way, with the help of a cross-sectional study, professionals can minimalize the risk of students being afraid to reveal the fact that they smoke. In this way, the number of students who smoke [...]
The epidemiologic triangle can be extremely beneficial in this perspective, because it "is a model for explaining the organism causing the disease and the conditions that allow it to reproduce and spread". Anyway, the spread [...]
Despite multiple attempts to eliminate the most dangerous diseases and improve the epidemiologic situation, there are many illnesses or other health issues that deteriorate the health of the nation and result in the appearance of [...]
For example, the method of the time series models is significant for the prediction of epidemiological tendencies, as they use the historical data to detect the patterns of outbreaks.
Therefore, the article by Jit, Newall, and Beutels in which the authors analyze vaccination strategies and their cost-effectiveness is a significant contribution to the development of the policy aimed at decreasing flu outbreak. Jit et [...]
It was hard to predict and understand the behaviors of new people who were in need of help. The medical staff has to be trained in vaccination and the exchange of knowledge.
The seriousness of the problem is obvious, and it is necessary to work on the prevention of such statistics in the future.
Therefore, the rate attempts to portray a ratio of the number of cases to the total time that a population is at risk.
In particular, the statistics in the US are alarming, which urges the government to take serious measures to prevent the spread of the crisis.
The following is the explanation of each link involved in the chain of infection: Infectious agent. A host is the infectious chain link that acts as a receiver of an infection.
When investigating whether a disease is a cluster, a researcher should gather adequate information, which will help him/her to make a conclusion. When investigating whether a disease is an outbreak, a good researcher should gather [...]
That was meant to determine if the disease occurred in groups and the abnormality in the environment with higher rates of occurrences.
Although the results of the program are underway, identifying the epidemiology of the disease remains complex. However, there is increased knowledge of the wide distribution of the Aedes spp mosquito as a vector of the [...]
Drawing from this discussion, it is evident that the three main challenges include interethnic variability, lack of sufficient data, and the inability of the UAE to develop strong support for population-based epidemiological research.
Most commonly, three or four antibiotics are taken during the initial months of the treatment, and the number is decreased to two for the rest of the process.
The reason for this is that as the outbreak of the Ebola virus disease has shown, the continuation of the ongoing social and technological progress does not make humanity any less susceptible what can be [...]
Affecting large swaths of territory to the northern and southern parts of the country, the civil war led to the collapse of the nation's health infrastructure and the breakdown of health services in the country.
The instructions mentioned above can also be used for the development of the business as owners can increase the number of goods or introduce products associated with the illness.
Naturally, the problem could not remain unnoticed by the Centers for Disease Control: the Big Cities Health Coalition was formed to take measures regarding the virus and combat the consequences caused by it.
It is a measurement of the frequency with which a disease may occur in a certain population in a definite period of time. The example is the number of diabetes patients in a hospital divided [...]
The spread of the epidemic of influenza is primarily promoted by a decrease in the immunity of the children of large cities.
The virus of malaria is one of the most common fatal health issues present in the poorest regions of Africa. The implementation of this strategy will let people know what places have to be avoided [...]
This led to the formation of a commission that interviewed various stakeholders in the ministry of agriculture to investigate what happened that led to the indiscriminate spread of the foot and mouth disease.
For instance, societal and public health professionals can gather information about the issue they consider to be critical for the population.
One of the main characteristics of epidemiology is a distribution that is focused on the variation of health issues and their outcomes.
A histological analysis of SARS will be developed to clarify the main signs and symptoms of the disease, its epidemiology and etiology, the histological changes, and the existing treatments.
1952 the first recorded outbreak of the disease in the region of southern Tanzania. 2013-2015 first reported cases in the Americas.
The investigation of a chronicle of the events that led to such an outcome should help to clarify the main reasons and comprehend the peculiarities of the case to avoid similar situations in the future.
This high level of casualty is a result of inequality in the access to health care services, poor service delivery in the health care industry due to underfinancing, poor allocation of health care resources that [...]
Thus, the research became the breakthrough of the year as it shifted the previous misconceptions about HIV/AIDS prevention by proving the effectiveness of ARVs in reducing transmission.
The quantity of instances that show that the occurrence of an outbreak depends on the present agent of an infection, the size of the population that has been affected by the infection, previous instances of [...]
According to a report by the Center for Disease Control, the first case of the disease was noticed one week after the pilgrims came back from the Hajj.
Drawing from a study by Ngatchou, the choice of the word human is linked to the fact that the virus only causes disease in human beings.
With reference to the United States, the main objective of this paper is to analyze the country's medical, institutions, and cultural responses to the threat of Ebola.
The level of awareness about sexually transmitted diseases among people is higher compared to that of tuberculosis, owing to the fact the risk factors of the latter are hard to identify. The risk population of [...]
Virus type A is mainly hosted by the aquatic birds, and their transmission might result in devastating epidemics among the poultry, thus increasing the vulnerability of the people to the infection.
According to McBride and Fielding, most of the protein functions of the genome products of the virus have been elucidated and are well known.
On the outside, the virus is covered by a helical capsid that has a diameter of between 40-50nm and cross-striations measuring 5nm. Transmission normally occurs at the late stage of the disease or following the [...]
The disease is also believed to have come to Europe from the black mice that were often seen on the merchants' boats.
Politics and the securitization of the threat of the Ebola virus have influenced responses in different ways. When villagers feared that government and healthcare workers were part of the Ebola epidemic, they undermined all efforts [...]
This is one of the pitfalls that should be avoided because it can result in many violent conflicts. This is one of the details that can be identified.
Ebola is a viral disease that attacks all the cells of the body in a systematic process starting with the white blood cells.
The United States The prevalence rate of tuberculosis in the United States is the lowest when compared to the prevalence rates in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.
A flu pandemic can be controlled through four steps that would be aimed at reducing the rate of spread of the disease and reducing its impact on the community.
The critical rationale for diagnostic criteria is that it facilitates the establishment of the threshold for diagnosis of an ailment in those circumstances where the symptoms of the disease manifest themselves.
The staff areas of the hotels are also required to be given special emphasizes in order protect the environment from contagious viruses like Norwalk. Hotel operators are also required to be concerned about the serving [...]
There is a need to address the issue of zoonotic diseases in order to avoid the emergence of deadly diseases that may put lives of people in the society at risk.
This article is aimed at discussing the way in which U.S.healthcare organizations can respond to the threat of Ebola epidemic in the country.
This article is aimed at examining the efforts of the American government to overcome the effects of the Ebola epidemic. In particular, the Department of Defense intends to send more troops to West Africa in [...]
Paucity of data has affected the capability of global health policy makers to prepare for the Ebola contagion. In the near future, it is likely to extend to other parts of the world.
While the CDC has provided the future possible projections for Ebola, the WHO as acted an authoritative source by providing data which the global health community and other stakeholders depend on for updates and situation [...]
Gates Foundation The main objective of the Gates Foundation is "to reduce the incidence of HIV infection and extend the lives of people living with HIV".
The chosen program offers a number of changes that can be used to decrease the speed of spreading dengue fever and help people to define the most appropriate treatment and preventive methods.
This is one of the challenges that should be considered. This is one of the hypotheses that should be tested.
The stakeholders include the South African government, the Anglo American employees, the populations of surrounding communities, families of employees, the Global Council on HIV/AIDS, The National Union of Mineworkers, pharmaceutical companies and other multinational companies [...]
Although a strong immune system can contain the pathogen, in an immunosuppressed individual, the MTB is capable of multiplying and rupturing the host's macrophages, resulting in the destruction of the body's primary line of defense [...]
It has been crucial in terms of enhancing techniques of the methodology that are utilized in the processes used in studies carried out in issues concerned with public health, as well as, offering solutions to [...]
Second, the shift should also be introduced to the employment environment with regard to the duties of health care professionals during pandemic.
A synthesis of experimental results in which biopsy specimens were used to develop the argument against the use of DDT on the premise that chronic exposure of the highly lipid and carcinogenic DDT and its [...]
The parties in command of the response to the outbreak, as well as the coordination of activities of the various state and local agencies are some of the issues addressed in this scenario.
The first strategy will entail community needs assessment and diagnosis of HIV to ascertain the extent of infection and provide a backdrop to the work plan on how to approach the issue.
This is a programme plan for controlling the TB epidemic in Swaziland as one of the developing countries with highest prevalence of TB infections in the world.
Following the foregoing discussions, it is notable that one of the major factors contributing to the prevalence of high rates of nosocomial infections in developing countries is poor infection prevention practices.
During this time most of the countries that were affected by the HIV AIDS started to battle the spread of HIV. Education is a vital component in the fight to prevent transmission of HIV and [...]
It is important to note here that, although the whole of Africa has felt the impact of the pandemic, sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected; something that results either due to ignorance or due to [...]
More specifically, the activities of GHAIN and HALT AIDS, both civil societies as per the definition given by the commission, and working to some extent in collaboration with the government to alleviate the HIV / [...]
This negative side of the warfare led to the re-interpretation of human security on the onset of the Cold War that ushered in the second phase of the human security approach.
The protozoan thrives in the gut of the fly and spread when the sand fly bites humans. This has affected the distribution of the sand fly species in the country.
It is also training, collecting, and disseminating the health related pieces of information to the Floridians and visitors thus empowering the society.
The use of condom has been proposed as an effective way of curbing the spread of the disease. This discourages the use of condoms.
The above aspects account for some of the factors that led to the DDT ban in countering the spread of malaria.
It was reported that the population of some birds in certain parts of the United States had reduced. Their activities led to the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency in the United States.
This study investigates the use of vitamin D for the deterrence and cure of tuberculosis and other contagious infections. The unearthing of vitamin D as a therapeutic agent begins with the detection of rickets as [...]
Even though the disease was first noticed in the earlier years of the 1980s, it was news to the country of Papua New Guinea till in the year 1987 when the first case of AIDS [...]
This case study analyses the relationship between malaria and agriculture and some of the measures which have been put in place to lower the occurrence of the disease.
The human body has the ability to store DDT in tissues and bodily fluids but is unable to break it down and dispose of it.
The fact that India is the second most populous country in the world today and has one of the highest rates of HIV infection, justifies the creation of the said non-profit group and why the [...]
The problem with HIV/AIDS is not only limited to the mortality rate and the epidemiology of the disease but also the social problems that it brings.
Individuals in these groups have taken advantage of the fact that AIDS is manageable to engage in dangerous unprotected sexual activities.
The UK enjoyed high economic growth in the last half of the twentieth century and the early twenty first, however, the global economic recession tool a toll on them.
The article written by Rena Fox is aimed at informing the audience about the approval of two drugs that can be used for the treatment of hepatitis C.
More to the point, the people in the given area will be unable to acquire information concerning the current status of the disease and the existing treatment methods.
A blend consisting of the virus and a standard virus from the laboratory is made to form a hybrid that is later planted in chicken eggs.
This implies that you should isolate bed linens of patients with Clostridium difficile infection and wash them separately to prevent the spores from spreading to other linens that do not have spores.
The much that physicians have done is to develop medication to reduce the effects of the disease; the major challenge hindering the development of a cure is the different shapes that the virus takes when [...]
It is evident that cases of HIV infection and deaths resulting from AIDS continued to increase globally during the early years of HIV discovery in the 1980s, including in Australia and South Africa, but the [...]
In the US, the cases of newly acquired hepatitis B virus infections have reduced significantly due to the success of public health management in the execution of an intensive national immunization policy.
As the cases of the disease continued to increase unabated among African Americans, the government and health care system had to revise their preventive strategies to help in combating the epidemic.
He was instrumental in the acceptance of anaesthesia in the medical field. Snow's research undertakings in relation to cholera are still relevant in the contemporary field of medicine.
Probiotics can be used to treat cases of diarrhea in order to minimize the effects of the bacteria causing the conditions.
The aim of the study was to define the prevalence of the various genotypes, drug resistance isolates and cluster patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Taipei in order to present information on the possible methods and [...]
Culture: This article does not discuss cultural issues, for instance, the impact of the cultural background and national peculiarities on the pandemic prevention.
This then implies that people of the African origin and the Haitians are more susceptible to Aids infection since they do not have the genetic mutation.
Communicable Diseases So as, to categorize communicable infections that pose a noteworthy threat to health care providers, it is crucial to identify the methods of spread of various forms of infectious agents.
The extent of the HIV/AIDS pandemic in the region can be attributed to such things as; Sexual behavior-many men and women in the region have different sex partners concurrently; these may be in cases of [...]
In conclusion, the analysis of social, cultural and political situations in Sub-Saharan region and San Francisco has revealed that that there are a great number of factors contributing to the spread of the epidemic.
The goal of this paper is to compare the impacts of the epidemic on these two regions by looking at the driving factors and the intervention efforts by the church.
By the year 2005, the organization had committed a lot of its funds in the fight against HIV/AIDS. In addition, CIDA conducts seminars that are designed to educate the public on ways of fighting the [...]
The health department in US intends to expand testing of HIV to the inmates because they found that twenty percent of the inmates are HIV positive.
In some states testing is done in residential areas from door to door because many people argue that they are very busy to go for the test.