Physiology Essay Examples and Topics

Hypoxia and Air Accidents

Introduction Hypoxia is defined as a deficiency of oxygen in the body tissues or simply oxygen starvation. Hypoxia can occur due to a variety of reasons. Normally this condition is preceded by low levels of oxygen in the blood system-a condition normally known as hypocalcaemia. Nonetheless, it is important to note that hypoxia can occur […]

Respiratory System

Abstract Respiratory system regulates the volume of gases inhaled and exhaled by a person. This experiment examined the lung volume and capacities and the differences in vital capacities between genders. Furthermore, it investigated several factors that control the respiratory rate and volume, such as pH, O2, and CO2 level. The lung volume helps in studying […]

The Relationship between Color Vision and High Altitude

Abstract Color vision is one of the characteristics that are recognized as having an effect on careers and human interaction. This research establishes the effects of high altitude on color vision. It also investigates the color systems that are affected more in relation to others. The research methodology mainly involves the analysis of materials on […]

Lateral Ankle Sprains Orthotic Materials

Cushion cork This material is majorly a composite of cork and rubber molded together to form a stiff non-thermoformable substance (Benedetti et al. 169). It is specifically very effective in making of heel lifts used to support heels in patients suffering from ankle sprains. It cushions the heel to relieve upward thrush on an injured […]

Microglandular Hyperplasia Cells

Microglandular hyperplasia refers to polypoid cell growth in the adenocarcinoma of the cervix. Measuring about 1 to 2 cm, the glandular lesions normally occur in pregnant or postpartum women on oral contraceptive therapy, clinically referred to us Depomedroxyprogesterone acetate. These lesions mostly occur in women of productive age and a few cases in postmenopausal women. […]

The Mental, and Physical Effects Muscular Dystrophy Has On Students

Muscular dystrophy refers to a category of genetic diseases where the voluntary and skeletal muscles responsible for regulating muscles weaken and degenerate progressively (Emery, 1987, p.47). The disease is hereditary in nature. It may occur in childhood, later in life or during the middle years of one’s life. The most common type of muscular dystrophy […]

Treatment of Fibromyalgia

Introduction Falvo (2005) writes on the medical and psychosocial aspect of chronic disease including fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is defined as a rheumatologic disease in which the patient experience widespread pain, coupled with aching and stiffness of muscles and/or joints, plus fatigue, sleep disturbances, and broadly distributed sites of tenderness (tender joints) (Millea & Hollaway, 2000, cited […]

Effects of Noise

The ear provides a sense of balance as well as transmitting sound waves to the brain. The pebbles (otoliths) by lying on the bed of hairs (cilia) gives a sense of the direction in which gravitational pull is acting. The outer part of the year focuses the sound onto the eardrum. The eardrum is very […]

Biological Factors Involved in Stress

Introduction Stress is a feeling created when we respond to some events. It is the body’s natural way of preparing to face a difficult situation with alertness, stamina, power, and focus. The stress provokers are called stressors, which cover a variety of situations. In addition, stress is caused by negative thoughts that have an effect […]

Open-loop controlled movements

Open-loop controlled 1. The main difference between the ideas of open-loop controlled movements and closed-loop controlled movements is in the consideration of the further steps. According to the theory of the open-loop controlled movements, the first movement is done consciously while all other ones are completed automatically, as the reaction to the first movement. These […]

Effects of stress on physical health

Introduction Stress forms an integral part of our daily life despite negative notions people have developed against it. According to Wein (2000), stress ensures that the body functions optimally particularly when responding to adverse situations. He further explains that the flight or fight response guarantees individual’s safety since the body is able to react swiftly […]

Physiological Bases of Human Movement: A Discussion of the Training Programs used to Improve VO2max

Introduction In recent years, the concept of whole body maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), which basically reflects the integrative capability of the lungs, heart and circulatory system to distribute oxygen (O2) to the tissues and eventually mitochondrial O2 utilization (Layec & Richardson 2012), has interested scholars and exercise physiologists for varied yet interrelated reasons (Moxnes & […]

Real Facts of Yawning

Introduction When people lack real facts concerning some issues, they develop mythical theories which aim at accounting for them. These speculations are based on religion, culture, and misconceived understanding which aim at closing the gap that exists when those issues are not explained. Often, the speculations and mythical theories are not challenged by laymen. Instead, […]

Cracking Knuckles

Introduction Knuckle cracking (or snapping of joints) is a type of joint osteopathy that generates a cracking noise. Most people possess the ability to pop a number of joints such as jaws or elbows. Going by my experiences with a colleague who works as a lab technician, the sound of cracking knuckles is annoying especially […]

Atrophy of the Muscles

Atrophy of the muscles is a condition that occurs when the muscles have been in an inactive condition for a long period of time. The cast on the leg is the major cause of muscle atrophy. It reduces muscle activity and causes loss of the tissues. The major effect of the cast as indicated in […]

Teaching Fundamental Motor Skills

The main scope of my motor observation report was to monitor the process of teaching children the basic motor skills that were necessary for playing basketball. The method that teacher employed were premised on drilling and practicing simple skills to develop them into more sophisticated. At the very beginning of the lesson, the coach told […]

The Study of Comparing Pulse Rate between Athlete and Non-athlete before and After Physical Exercise

Introduction It is a well known fact that respiratory rates increase during moments of physical activity yet it must be noted that the subsequent increase in the amount of heartbeats per second differs from person to person (Drury, 2011). As explained by Santtila, Keijo, Laura & Heikki (2008), the average adult heart beats at roughly […]

Mechanisms of Teratology

Teratology is the study of physiological defects in organisms. The defects could be due to several factors like the environmental factors. These factors work together to impair the normal development of an embryo. The level of vulnerability to these defects depends on several factors like the stage of development of an embryo at the time […]

Training Muscles of the Abdominal Wall to Optimize their Function

According to Fredrick Hatfield, the abdominal wall is made up of four muscles. These include internal oblique muscles, external oblique muscles, transverse abdominis and rectus abdominis (Hatfield, 2010). However, other muscles exist for example the spinal erectae and muscles in the pelvic girdle. Each of these muscles has a specific function and uses specific forms […]

Importance of Body Exercise

Introduction Physical exercise can be defined as any body activity that maintains body fitness and the entire body health status. It must be done for a number of reasons such as improving muscle strength and joint structures, improving energy levels and reducing the risk of heart diseases. It also helps in naturally lowering or controlling […]

Definition of the Circadian Rhythms in Medicine

Introduction All living creatures usually experience certain rhythmic changes which in most cases coincide with the changes in the environment on daily or seasonal basis. Such rhythmic changes are referred to as biological rhythms and entail the circadian, infradian and the ultradian rhythms (Rodrigo et al, 2007, p. 234). Circadian rhythms are best described as […]

Analyze Movement Parts

Introduction There are several ways of achieving body fitness. Exercising is one of them. This essay analyzes various components of advanced patterns exhibited by players and reviews five internet resource guides on health and fitness. Components of advanced patterns exhibited by players The pictures above show basket ball players. The components of advanced patterns are […]

The Sperm and the Egg

Reproduction of human beings is very important because it ensures that humans do not become extinct. This is because every day some people die and thus we have to multiply to fill in the gap that they have left. The whole process of multiplication involves two elements, that is, Jack the sperm and Alice the […]

The effects of body dehydration

Introduction Water is a very vital component in the human body. The human body can stay for weeks without food but can only manage a few days without water. 58-78% of human bodies are composed of water, depending on the body size. In a single day, the body requires about two to three liters of […]

Why Do We Sweat?

The human body and other living organisms have numerous natural adaptive mechanisms that keep them at the state of functioning properly. Sweating is one of these very crucial processes. Sweating can be defined as a natural thermoregulation process that helps in maintaining a balanced body temperature (Franklin, 2005). This research paper seeks to investigate the […]

Why do we sweat when were nervous?

Introduction Perspiration is production of water droplets by the sweat glands in the body when it is hot and the main reason is to cool down the body mechanism. The scientifically to this is thermoregulation (Kalat, 2008). In close reference to Kalat (2008), the evaporation of the sweat causes a cooling effect in a similar […]

Human beings physical abilities

Human beings physical abilities are directly related to whether they are male or female. This however, is not the case with an individual’s mental ability. Much as men and women are both human beings, they each have traits specifically common to either men or women. These traits are developed from genes and hormones during conception. […]

Major joints in the body

Joints are found where any two bones convene. They allow the skeleton to move since, in their absence, it would be impossible for human beings to move. Major body joints in human beings are classified into three. These include rigid/Fibrous, synovial/ freely movable, and slightly movable/Cartilaginous joints. Rigid joints do not move, and an example […]

Personal Body and Composition Chart

Cardiovascular is a term that is used in reference to the circulatory system in general. This includes the vessels carrying the blood around the body, the heart and of course the lungs. Effects to the human body include heart related diseases like heart attack, ischemic stroke and many others. Over the years, a direct correlation […]