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Pharmacology Essay Examples and Topics

Morphine and Diazepam Analysis

Among the short-term psychological effects of morphine, one can distinguish the feeling of euphoria and decreased sense of anxiety or panic. These are the main impacts of this drug.

The Psychotropic Medications Use Among Children

The paper will review various articles to analyze the contributing factors based on the pediatric psychopharmacology literature that explores the increased awareness of various health issues among children and the establishment of intervention measures that [...]

Psychopharmacology and Its Principles and Issues

Such principles are relevant in the field of psychology since psychiatrists are able to administer drugs to patients effectively. It is vivid that the dangers associated with abusing prescription drugs are similar to those of [...]

Pharmaceutical Industry, Its History and Future

As the popularity and income of the pharmaceutical industry grew, pharmaceutical firms began forming partnerships with laboratories and research groups in order to expedite the development of new products and the improvement of existing ones.

Political Influence of the Drug Industry

One of the significant benefits resulting from the provisions was that there were no external agencies or companies such as Medicare allowed to influence drug prices since the legislation prohibited the act.

Interventions to Improve Quality of Care

This paper aims to study the case of Lanesha Johnson to observe the influence of cultural, social, and emotional factors on her medication non-adherence and to develop questions and interventions which might help to improve [...]

Amphetamines and Their Effects on Memory

The scope of the problem of stimulant abuse is quite important in nowadays medicine since the application of amphetamine is not explored in an in-depth manner.

Levocarnitine: Properties and Application

The use of levocarnitine and l-acetylcarnitine has several benefits including improvement of the motor, cognitive and behavioral functioning. A study with a high dose l-carnitine treatment in a transgenic mouse model of Huntington's disease demonstrated [...]

Tricyclic Antidepressants for Back Pain Treatment

Some of the common medications used in the treatment of depression and back pain are antidepressants. However, data on the effectiveness of SSRIs in the treatment of depression and back pain is inconsistent.

Primary Care Providers Treating Opiate Addiction

The current evidence presents several ways to stratify and minimize patient risk of opioid addiction, among which one may enumerate utilization of primary care providers, patient-centered delivery of opioid pain therapy, continuous monitoring, education, and [...]

Antipsychotic Medications for the Elderly

Benzodiazepines produce a mostly positive effect on older adult patients with psychiatric issues, yet dosage should be verified carefully due to the threat of patients developing a dependency on the specified type of medications; Slow [...]

Pharmacology: HIV Drug Resistance

The focus of this study was to investigate the possible causes of the resistance, its prevalence, and ways of dealing with the problem.

The UAE Population: Xenical and Weight Loss

The main variables observed in this study will be the following: the efficiency of Xenical for weight loss in the UAE populations and the preferences linked to the use of Xenical compared to other medications [...]

Xenical and Weight Loss in the UAE Population

The hypotheses are the following: The effectiveness of Xenical is seen as sufficient by the population of the UAE. The effectiveness of Xenical is seen as insufficient by the same population.

China’s Pharmaceutical Research Internationalization

In order to reduce the negative impact of the increased control of the US government over the pharmaceutical industry, big companies have offshored their clinical research and trial activities to China and other emerging economies.

Medicalization of Hyperhidrosis in Media

As for the particular factors that may be regarded as important when it comes to the medicalization of this condition, it is necessary to mention that a lot of people experiencing excessive sweating have increased [...]

Parkinsonism: Future Clinical Modalities and Drugs

Since the cases of Parkinsonism symptoms development as a result of using some medications are numerous, scientists are constantly working on the improvement of the techniques employed in the treatment of Parkinsonism and Parkinson's disease.

Glomerulonephritis in Paramedic Pharmacology

A recent clinical trial involving a comparison of Rituximab and IV cyclophosphamide initiation in patients with severe symptoms found that the former has fewer side effects but comparable efficacy to the latter.

Anti-Atherogenic Actions of Thymoquinone

However, the modern era of atherosclerosis has focused on the inflammatory process and the proliferation of smooth muscle cells in the arterial intima as a nidus for forming atherosclerotic plaques. The injury to the arterial [...]

Prescribing Psychotropic Medications to Children

First and most obvious, the enhancement of the quality standards can be carried out by the manager so that the prescription of psychotropic medication should be provided in the cases that actually need the application [...]

Generic Drugs and Prices in the United States

Generic drugs are approved by the FDA in the US only if they have the same active ingredients and require to be given in the same dosage and through the same mode of administration as [...]

Overuse of Psychotropic Medications Among Children

Besides, the United States' efforts to alleviate differences should be incorporated into the plan to reform health care by promoting the quality of care provided to the individual patient.

Medication Administration and Patient Safety

Thus, drug labeling is the policy of medications, solutions, and container labeling which might lead to reducing the rate of medication errors in the nurse's practice. Medication labeling policy might be helpful to reduce the [...]

Pharmacists’ Communication Skills

Speaking about the particular communication skills that are essential for the specialist, it is important to remember about the pharmacist's ability to concentrate on the specific needs of the client.

Direct Marketing Pharmaceuticals Effects

The company had to provide a summary of the side effects of the product in published advertisements, and only the major risks of the drug in broadcast commercials.

Racial Differences in Clinical Treatment

The racial differences in the response to different drugs should be taken into account when prescribing medications and treatments, for instance, if the potential risk and impact of side effects may be crucial.

Medication Errors in the Public Health

It is as a result of this fact that numerous precautions and measures have been put in place to ensure that the overall health of the public is guaranteed.

Medication Therapy Management

Second, there is the need for pharmacists to understand that MTM will significantly increase the utilization of the healthcare services at the IDN and subsequently reduce the costs related to traditional care provision where physicians [...]

Acetaminophen Use and Drug Regulation in the US

The writer of the article as well informs the consumers of the fatal liver damage caused by acetaminophen overdose. According to this article, most of the patients are ignorant on the content of acetaminophen contained [...]

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug

The additional benefit is that they are allowed to be used not only by adult people; the treatment with the use of NSAIDs is also possible for children.

Pharmacist’s Oath, Ethics, and Cultural Competence

In this paper, the rationale for cultural competence will be discussed in terms of two documents, the Oath of a Pharmacist and the Code of Ethics for Pharmacists, to explain their roles and the behavior [...]

Ophthalmic Drops & Ointments and Age Considerations

When instilling ophthalmic suppositories, the patients should not touch the tip of the medicine flask or tube to the eye. The latter is done in order to evade the transmission of bacteria to the medicine [...]

Pharmacology: Statistical Thinking in Health Care

When a prescription is carefully chosen to be given out, the pharmacy structure will show the pharmacists the provisioning event that has been pre-accomplished on the base of the prescription facts.

Hypokalemia and Prescribed Drug Interactions

Consequently, the scenario that relates to low levels of potassium transpires when Digoxin and Thiazide interact and initiate increased secretion of sodium in the body.

Nursing Care Priorities: Juan Carlos’ Case

In the presented case of a diabetic foot ulcer, part of nursing care planning work is identifying connections among various elements of the patient's treatments, such as pathophysiological patient experiences, causes and risk factors, and [...]

The Rise of the Indian Pharmaceutical Industry

The main question to be addressed in the current paper is whether the advantages obtained from trade with Indian pharmaceutical industry outnumber the losses for the US and other countries.

Valproic Acid as a Psychopharmacological Treatment

Valproic acid, also known as Depakote can be regarded as a form of medication that is suitable for treating bipolar disorder that is characterized by significant shifts in the mood. This is one of the [...]

Ethical Challenges in Developing Drugs for Psychiatric

For instance, one of the daunting questions is whether it is, in fact, reasonable and rational from both the scientific and ethical points of view to prescribe medication to children that were tested on the [...]

Resistance to Antibiotics

Medical personnel argue that some of the patients fail to take the full dosage due to ignorance; a case that will aggravate the patient's susceptibility due to the overall resistance in the long run.

Sunitinib Drug: Efficacy and Safety

The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio for the use of Sunitinib as a treatment option is the ratio of the change in the cost for administering this treatment compared to other treatment alternatives to the change in [...]

Spurring Socially Beneficial Pharmaceutical Innovation in Canada

The significance of patents in the pharmaceutical industry arises from the capital-intensive nature of the process. In spite of the extensive investment in research and development in the Canadian pharmaceutical industry, considerable gaps exist with [...]

Vaccines and Autism: Separating Facts from Fiction

The advocacy groups say that thimerosal, a preservative used in vaccines, is toxic to the central nervous system and responsible for an alarming rise in rates of autism among children in the United States and [...]

The Placebo Drugs Controversy

However, it is important to note that this drug has a role to play in the process of offering patients medical assistance.

Biologic Drug Clinical Trials – Pharmacology

A clinical trial involves four stages, which must all be passed to prove that a biologic drug is safe to use and produces good biological effects. The clinical phases and considerations in each phase are [...]

Are Drug Prices Being Set Ethically?

The efficiency and justifiability of drug pricing in the pharmaceutical industry are exposed to continuous controversy. According to the statistic indications, billions of dollars are invested in pharmaceutical research and the development of the novel [...]

Misuse of Steroids

Therefore, there is a need to forbid the use of steroids when not prescribed medically. Thesis Statement - The use of steroids is necessary for athletes' recovery.

The Real Causes of Autism

However, the main problem is that this association or correlation does not imply that autism is triggered by a vaccine. This is the main argument that can be put forward.

Medical Marijuana California: theunioncollective.org

The physicians should also do a periodic review of the treatment and how the patients respond to the medical marijuana. The medical marijuana is only restricted to patients who are qualified and recommended by a [...]

Treating Psychotic Disorders

Mellaril is highly effective to treat the schizophrenia symptoms, but the treatment can be changed in order to meet the patient's interests and reduce the possible side effects. The atypical antipsychotic medications can be effective [...]

Drug Abuse and Medicaid Program

The emergence of alcohol and drug abuse as a problem and the intensification of people with mental health problems, have exposed the society to the likelihood of involvement of the population in substance abuse.

Abuse of Using Drug Medicine in UAE

With this in mind, it is possible to analyse UAE in order to see state of affairs in this country and have a look at the problem of drug addiction.

Methamphetamine Addiction and Prevention

In the discussion of the paper, addiction implies problematic utilization of methamphetamine despite the partial or full awareness of its negative implications on the health of its abusers.

Legalization of Medical Marijuana

The supporters and opponents of the legalization of marijuana have opted to focus on either the positive or the negative aspects of the effects of the drug to support their views on policies to legalize [...]

Pharmaceutical Industry and Drugs

Some of the current changes in the pharmaceutical markets include the shifting growth from the developed markets, increased focus on biotech developed drugs and approval of new drugs.

The Stages of Production of the H1N1 Influenza Vaccine

The hybrid contains the outer components of the influenza virus and inner components of the other virus strain. When people fail to get vaccinated, they contract diseases that were eradicated by the use of vaccines.

Pharmaceuticals Industry Importance

The FDA evaluates this information and if the manufactured goods are seen to have a positive gain to the citizens, authorization to market the merchandise in the country is granted.

Biomarkers Definition Working Group

In addition, they are used to measure the risks and influence of a given exposure, which can be as a result of environmental or hereditary factors. They are used to establish doses and dosing in [...]

Pharmaceutical Engineering

The joint interpretation of these regulations is important for the purpose of consistency, flexibility and enhancement of innovative approach in the design, construction and validation.

Controversial Practices in the Pharmaceutical Industry

An analysis of articles written about Avandia, a diabetes drug found that experts who received financial favors from the drug's manufacturer, GlaxoSmithKline were likely to draw favorable conclusions about the safety and efficacy of the [...]

Practices in the Pharmaceutical Industry

The indications are that the costs of the drugs are rising more rapidly than any other thing a patient can pay for. The reason is that the quantities of drugs that are being prescribed have [...]

Problem of Hydrocodone Addiction in US

To gain a better understanding on hydrocodone abuse and the implications of compulsive behaviors resulting from addiction in an individual, a closer evaluation of historical and contemporary cases with particular interest on prevention and treatment [...]

Effects of Alcohol Abuse on Women

Among all these destructive substances, alcohol is the leading one and a significant companion of the 21st century people as well as a way of relaxing to escape the difficulties of posed by life. It [...]

Drug Abuse and Harmful Health Effects

The principle recognizes the importance of helping drug addicts out of the activity but also sees the importance of protecting their rights to health matters if the country is to realize economic development.

Different types of drug

Psychopharmacology is the study of the use, mechanisms, and effects of drugs that act on the brain and subsequently alter behavior.

Physical and Mental Risks of Steroid Use

In females who abuse steroids, the lasting impact can include hair growth on the face, chest, stomach, and back, interruption or utter termination of the menstrual cycle, enlargement of the clitoris, and deepening of the [...]

How does marijuana affect the brain?

One of the profound findings of the studies is on the negative effects of marijuana on the brain. Research findings on the brain show that abuse of marijuana for a long time affects the brain [...]

Safety of oral contraceptives

The ages of the study participants were 30 to 55 years, and the follow-up period was between 1976 and 1988. The prospective cohort study was used to show the relationship between the exposure and the [...]

Problem of Excess Alcohol Drinking in Society

Effects of alcohol use The effects of alcohol on the drinker are dependent on a number of factors. Blood alcohol concentration is the level of alcohol in the blood that causes one to get intoxicated, [...]

Chemical Medicine: Meridia drug

This paper will attempt to look at the side effects against the advantages of the Meridia drug. This advice is a manifestation of the fact that the drug is harmful.

Use of Antidepressants in the USA

The decrease in the quality of life for most people has increase risk of depression and the subsequent use of antidepressants.

New Opioid Dosage Forms and Treatments for Dependence

When buprenorphine is administered orally, the drug is metabolized in the liver and the gut by special enzymes, which leads to the reduction in the proportion of the drug that is available in the bloodstream.

Do Vaccines Cause Autism?

Thimerosal is alleged to increase the exposure of mercury in the vaccine to a substantiated high amount. In fact, the amount of antigens between children with autism and without is the same irrespective of the [...]

Prescription Painkillers, the New Drug Abuse of Choice

Studies attribute the recent increase in the misuse of prescription drugs to an increase in the use of the Internet, which facilitates the growth of illegitimate online drug stores and uncontrolled online prescription drug sales.

Prescription Drugs Advertisement

When companies introduce advertisements into the process, they influence the patient's agenda negatively and lead to the commercialization of a highly sensitive industry. Talking about the merits of the drug instead of its risks is [...]

Professionalism: A pharmacist perspective

For instance, in response to the ever-expanding public demand for the pharmaceutical products, care, and services, professionalism in this particular field of healthcare practice involves neatly putting on the professional attire to gain the patients [...]

The Types and Role of the Pain Medications in Medicine

This is a list of medications that can be used to remedy pain: Acetaminophen otherwise called Tylenol; Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications-NSAIDS; Corticosteroids; Narcotics; Anti-Convulsants; and local Anesthetics.

Steroids Position Paper

In light of exploration and subjective reports regarding whether to use steroids or not for bodybuilding reasons, it appears there are unquestionably two distinct groups and every camp with primarily divergent viewpoints concerning the advantages [...]

Drug Abuse Effects

The effects associated with drug abuse tend to vary depending on an individual's age and the phase of drug abuse that the person is in.

Psychoactive Drug Testing on Animals

The alterations in behavioral traits of animals due to psychoactive drugs are primarily attributed to the changes in the brain functions or inhibition of certain brain components in animals which ultimately translates to changes in [...]

Marijuana Must Not Be Legalized

According to the national institute of drug abuse, the active chemical in marijuana, tetrahydrocannabinol, act on the region of the brain responsible for time awareness, sensory, attention, thoughts, memory and pleasure.

Drugs in My Neighborhood

In a bid to explore the various impacts that are brought about by drug abuse, I took it upon myself to investigate the various aspects that could have contributed to drug abuse in my neighborhood.

Concepts of Pharmaceutical Compounding

All through the 1800's the process of pharmaceutical compounding was a sole a function of specialized individuals, a fact that led to the discovery of more medicines, for example, Laudanum.

Performance-Enhancing Substances Legalization

Nevertheless, it is impossible to legalize the use of performance-enhancing substances due to the number of incompatible arguments: these drugs lead to grave health problems; legalization cannot prevent the use of new more dangerous drugs, [...]

Fertility Drugs: Functions and Side Effects

It is the purpose of this paper to critically evaluate the functions and side-effects of fertility-enhancing drugs with a view to demonstrate that their benefits outweigh social and health costs.

Prescribing psychotropic medications

Second, the medication and treatment should be linked to a larger treatment modality that is consistent with the diagnostic formulation. Third, the family should be involved in the treatment plan with full parental consent prior [...]
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