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After the Second World War, there was a long period of tension between the democracies of the Western World and the communists’ countries of Eastern Europe, which is called The Cold War. It was a division between Russia and the United States and its allies, like Britain. The Cold War led many people to suffer great misfortunes. The United States and Russia continually provoked each other through political maneuvering, military conditions, and propaganda. Throughout the Cold War, communist and capitalist nations tried to outdo each other, competing to develop the best technologies and weapons. The war resulted in losses and destruction of property and massive killings.
Latin American nation’s relationship with the United States considerably changed during the Cold War due to the spread of communism and capitalism. Fulgencio Batista, a Cuban dictator, allied with the United States to hinder the spread of communism in Latin America (Week 11).
In 1959, the Cuban revolution led by Fidel Castro forced out Batista and his government (Week 11). Castro nationalized American-owned properties and allied himself with the Communists party by signing military and economic agreements with the Soviet Union. After Castro proclaimed to be a communist and became friendly with America’s s Cold War enemy, the Soviet Union, the United States enacted a trade and travel embargo and severe diplomatic and economic ties with Cuba (Week 11). Considering Latin America was no longer beneficial at the end of the Cold War, both the Soviet Union and the United States left the Latin American region (Week 11). Most of the Latin countries were worn out and in need of reconstruction.
As a result of the Holocaust, many people in the Middle East have were displaced Jews significantly. Several Jewish survivors remained in camps run by the Allied Powers and the United Nations Refugee and Rehabilitation Administration in Germany (Week 9). The Jews had were massively murdered in the Holocaust, where roughly six million Jews died. There was hatred of the Jews, Antisemitism in Europe, bringing tension to the Jews (Week 9). Fear killed their confidence, and they became afraid of their homeland (Week 9). Many of them relocated to Israel, the United States, and other nations across the world.
The Suez crisis was raised from the increased nationalism in Egypt during the Cold War. France and Britain united with Israeli in talks on planning an attack against Egypt (Week 9). In 1956, the Israeli armed forces pushed into Egypt toward the Suez Canal. The Egyptian air force was knocked down through bombings when Gamal Abdul Nasser made the Suez Canal a state ownership property (Week 9). In the end, the U.N. Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold ordered for the suspension of hostilities, and Britain, French and Israeli governments withdrew their troops in late 1956 and early 1957.
The Arab-Israeli war, which is well known as the six-day war, was influenced by the 1956 Suez war. The Johnsons’ administration was fostering the concept of “land for peace” (Week 9). The United States pushed Israelis to draw out of the Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza strip following the Suez crisis, but they dismissed all the petitions. The Johnson administration’s aim to stop the Arab-Israeli conflict failed (Week 9). Another war broke out despite the efforts of the United States. Israelis inhabited parts of Egypt, Syria, and Jordan after they fought a winning battle against them. The warfare took massive lives and left many people displaced.
Week 11. Latin America and the Cold War. Primary Source World. Web.
Week 9. The Suez Crisis. BBC. Web.
Week 9. Holocaust Encyclopedia. Web.
Week 9. Web.