In recent years, basic epidemiological patterns have been observed in many parts of the world with political and economic instability, increased migration, and the implementation of irrigation measures. In addition, there has been an increase in the incidence of malaria and its return to those regions where it has been practically eradicated. A person’s health condition can be described as having severe anemia and fever. Epidemiological location is mostly present in the African continent and some Asian nations (Hall & Fauci, 2019). Timescale is highly variant because numerous factors are influencing malaria epidemic tendencies, such as mosquito reproduction cycle or water contamination. Every year, thousands of malaria patients come to non-endemic countries, causing the risk of the infection to become established. Many imported cases cause local transmission and the spread of malaria.
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Malaria remains one of the most important health problems for almost 100 countries in Asia, Africa, and South America. Clinical cases of the disease occur annually in the world ranging from 300 to 500 million (Hall & Fauci, 2019). Many people die from malaria for up to 2.7 million people, including children under five years old (Hall & Fauci, 2019). Despite significant advances in the study of the biology, epidemiology, and clinical problems of the disease, more people are now dying from malaria than 30 years ago (Hall & Fauci, 2019). The highest incidence and mortality rates are recorded in sub-Saharan Africa. In countries of Europe and North America, where malaria has been eradicated, about 10,000 imported cases are observed annually among tourists returning from endemic regions (Pannu, 2019). These incidents occur mainly due to incorrect recommendations on chemoprophylaxis for those traveling to the tropics, late diagnosis, and prescription of ineffective antimalarial drugs, and several other factors.
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