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Building a stadium generally requires the assessment of numerous factors and principles that form the architectural environment of the object. These factors define the safety of the construction, suitability of the object for the entire landscape as well as demand for the object within the population. The aim of this paper is to assess the building scenario for a stadium and review the factors that will be addressed and how they are significant to this project.
In fact, this may be regarded as the key factor for the assessment, as the environment creates the basic conditions for calculating the building parameters of the stadium. Hence, the factors that need to be considered involve the physical parameters of the soil: humidity, stability, shakiness, and seismologic stability of the soil. These factors define the durability parameters for the construction, and, considering the fact that a few thousand people may attend the object, safety parameters need to be considered. Soil parameters are required for defining the type of foundation, walls, and bridging, especially if the building is multi-storied. In accordance with Emery, Greene et.al., (2006,p. 341), the following statement needs to be considered:
The topography of the land is classified as a plane or a site with a slope. If the site of the structure is on a hill slope, extra precautions are taken to allow the natural flow of rainwater that the structure might block. Depending upon the quality of land surface the construction technology will change.
The next factor is the air and atmosphere parameters. Air humidity and saltiness may increase corrosion and erosion, consequently, the durability and anti-corrosion covering needs to be considered. Wind rose (direction) is crucial for creating the interiors of the building, as the construction should be enforced which inevitably impacts the exterior and interior of the building. Precipitation level and temperature regime of the environment will be required for defining physical and chemical parameters of the materials that will be used for construction. In general, climatic factors are also helpful for assessing the energy consumption parameters of the building, hence, they should be assessed and included in overall calculations.
The amount of direct sunlight is the factor that defines the energy consumption parameters. As a rule, the northern part of any building is less lit in comparison with the southern, hence, plane glass needs to be used for saving energy for heating and lighting. Air temperature is another energy consumption factor. As it is stated in Koch and Siegesmund (2004, p. 357):
External temperature directly affects the comfort level of internal spaces. Since external walls act as a “buffer” between internal and external climate, it is necessary to use the right construction material for walls. Depending upon the wall material the internal finishes also have limitations. This is especially true for structures that face extreme climatic ups and downs.
Additionally, these parameters will be crucial for sanitary inspection of the building, as increased humidity and salinity rates will stimulate bacteria and mold development. Consequently, proper ventilation needs to be created.
Demographic and Ecological Parameters
These factors will define the comfort aspects of the building for the population. Hence, the building will inevitably cause increased noise levels, necessity to dispose of garbage and building wastes. Construction will, probably, shield access of the sun rays to particular homes, hence, this aspect should be coordinated with municipalities. The noise pollution aspects should be used for creating a strict timeline of construction works. Additionally, the clearly stated ecological parameters will help to avoid conflicts with ecological services, like polymers, various types of plastics, phenols and other materials that may cause pollution of the environment, which may affect the entire public health system. (Baade, 2001)
The building of a stadium will inevitably change the outlook of the district in general, as well as the transportation character along with a city. This is explained by the fact that the stadium will attract numerous sports fans and sportsmen for the time of competition or matches, hence, the construction will inevitably affect the transportation infrastructure of the district. This will require an extension of the transportation opportunities such as increase of highway junctions, creation of additional subway stations (if there is a subway in the district), and improvement of the traffic regulation principles and creation of several hundred parking places.
These will worsen the ecological parameters of the region, as increased CO2 emissions, as well as noise pollution, will be crucial for the people who live nearby. They should be offered compensation, or a dwelling alternative in order to avoid sues and moral compensations for increased headaches worsened sleep, and depressions.
Stadium building is a large-scale project, hence, numerous factors need to be considered while assessing the construction project. These are ecological factors that define the ecologic safety parameters of the construction materials. Climatic factors are crucial for creating the architectural project, including energy-saving principles and sanitation aspects. As for the matters of soil and geographic location, consideration of these factors will be crucial for calculating the basement parameters, as well as the durability of the construction.
Baade, R. (2001) Professional Sports and Catalysts for Metropolitan Economic Development.” Journal of Urban Affairs 18: 1.
Emery, P., Greene, C., Smith, A., Turner, P., & Westerbeek, H. (2006). Managing Sport Facilities and Major Events. NY: Routledge.
Koch A. & Siegesmund S. (2004). The Combined Effect of Moisture and Temperature on the Anomalous Expansion Behavior of Construction Materials: Environmental Geology.