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Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a lethal disease that presents a major concern to the World Health Organization. The disease is dangerous because physicians have not discovered a valid treatment yet, and the existent approaches are experimental. An epidemic caused socioeconomic disruptions and resulted in the loss of many lives, which created a need to present more effective ways to prevent any outbreaks of the disease.
Overview and Key Aspects
Ebola was first described in 1976 in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and the most affected regions throughout the years were Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone (Years of Ebola virus disease outbreaks, n.d., para. 1). The largest Ebola epidemic occurred in 2014, and it started in southeastern Guinea. Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo, reported in June 2019, caused international interest due to the insufficient previous effort to fight the disease (Harris, 2019, para. 4). The outbreak has been classified as the level three emergency, which is considered to be the most serious one. People of all ages in the Republic were affected, that is why it requires an involvement of the World Health Organization. The emergency committee held four meetings since they declared an outbreak in August 2018.
Global health has become a significant international concern as an improvement of public health influences the national security and economic. Epidemics and diseases such as Ebola can create a financial burden as it requires many resources to handle the outbreaks. For instance, the Committee has to deal with transportation as they are required to keep transport routes and borders open to save the lives of people affected by the disease. The maintenance of global health contributes to political stability and economic prosperity, which assures economic growth worldwide.
Therefore, it is crucial to think of global health as economies become globalized, and international travel and commerce has become an essential part of globalization. Taking steps towards the eradication of epidemics such as Ebola contributes to the prevention of a worldwide spread of diseases. Such steps lead to the improvement of global health, which impacts the economy and strengthens the security of countries.
Years of Ebola virus disease outbreaks. (n.d.). Web.