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As soon as Europeans understood that Columbus’s finding was, in reality, a perfect land with possibly immense untouched resources, they continued to deliberate the formation of lasting settlements nearby. The first travelers had previously carried back not only gold and gems but also numerous rumors from the natives of enormous supplies of costly pebbles and metals that were simply waiting to be found. The reasoning behind exploring the land was that America offered a magnificent opportunity to people with new concepts and ideas.
America embodied an image of undeveloped land: a place where advanced societal, spiritual, and politically aware doctrinaires might bring to recognition plans for which the Old World basically had no space. At the onset, the only difficulty in the unrestricted usage of America by such people could come from native indigenous people. Throughout their past since the establishment of America, the aboriginal people have been oppressed, burdened, and discriminated against.
The minor colonies established by Portugal were fundamentally thought to be centers from which the Portuguese could try to send shares of the seaborne market to Portuguese vessels. They were motivated to open both transaction hubs and marine centers, positioned at tactical points in the commerce scheme.
The extensive suppression fitting together with manufacturing for the marketplace demarcated the fate of Portuguese America. The advance of Portuguese colonization based on the expansion of sugar production and the steady decrease in the indigenous populations made the option of slavery quite feasible. The early Spanish colonies in the Caribbean zone were similarly small. The motivation for Spaniards was to travel in search of routes to Asia or treasures in America. They were also looking to manufacture merchandise for distribution in Europe.
The finding and subjugation of (the peoples of) Mexico and Peru and the siting of silver mines in those countries changed the progression of colonization, challenging Spain to try to administer its extended American colonies and maintain a colonial economy based on silver mining. The Spanish administration strained to limit the trade between the American colonies that belonged to them and Europe sternly to the flotilla of Spanish vessels.
The Spaniards were also motivated to bound financial growth to levels needed to continue funding the silver mining. An unsettled stiffness between colonial régime and the extensive economy went on throughout the era of Spanish rule, up until the battles of liberation ripped to pieces the greatest part of the Spanish colonial empire. The original, enduring English and French clusters in North America were economically peripheral entities that were based on a mixture of exchange with indigenous inhabitants, the creation of distribution goods, and contraband in the Spanish colonies.
The English put a lot of effort into forming sugar colonies, and the French mostly followed that path. The political activities of both English and French colonies allowed contemporary industrial economies to take hold and actually let an extensive number of people from Europe and Africa settle down in America, as they were well motivated to form extra divisions of the Atlantic economic scheme.
Alternatively, colonial administrations were to correspond the rules of the regal states that selected them, and, similar to the Spanish colonies, there at all times was a strain clashing the interests of settlers as contributors to the transnational Atlantic budget and the state objectives adopted by the ruler. This tightness provoked rebellions in most of the British North American colonies in the late 18th century and inadvertently led to the creation of the United States, a sovereign republic that replaced the colonies.
Even though it is not often thought of today, there was an enthusiasm by the Italian government to create an official colony in the Americas, too. During that time, North America still appeared to be no more than a wasteland, but South America was thought of as the most auspicious section of the New World.
Nevertheless, the Italians did not have the same motivation as the British or the Spanish had, and their efforts at annexation came to be considered more of an exploration task, or an introductory expedition, with more to come in the near future.
After discovering the area, the flotilla got back with a report that registered the profusion of rosewood, wild sugar cane, cotton, and other potential export goods. Still, there was no Italian annexation of the New World, in any case not by the Italian state. To conclude the research, the author of the essay draws several conclusions. Firstly, the approaches of all five countries differed as all of them had different goals to achieve. Secondly, the author considers colonization a necessary step for both colonizers and the colonized as this was required to start up the progress of the native population despite the severity of the measures taken during the colonization process.
The future of the colonized regions was heavily influenced by the major European countries, not to mention several conflicts that have taken place between the settlers and their government. The author deliberates that there might have never been another option but to colonize North America and build everything from scratch as colonization became a sort of catalyst for the development of those lands and it was meant to happen.
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Botelho, Tarcisio R. “Labour Ideologies and Labour Relations in Colonial Portuguese America, 1500-1700.” International Review of Social History 56, (2011): 275 296. Web.
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