The Articles of Confederation were drafted when many states were still engaged in war, meaning that the strength of a national government was never an issue at the time. Consequently, the states retained power and authority to an extent that the national government could not have the power to act unilaterally. Additionally, the articles never considered separating the powers among the three branches since it never established the position of the president, and the judiciary branch was never involved in the draft, meaning that only the parliament existed. The drafting of the constitution established the three branches of government and gave citizens the power to exercise their voting rights through universal suffrage. The National Bank was established in 1863 following an act of parliament that created the federal banking institution to bring sanity to the banking sector. The government under Polk designed the bill that was later passed in parliament courtesy of the president’s party.
We will write a custom Essay on Federalists and Democrats in the 19th Century specifically for you
301 certified writers online
Those supporting it cited malpractices in the banking sector that called for a government agency to control monetary activities in the economy. For those opposed to the bank, they observed that it would interfere with private investment and the free flow of capital. Hamilton and Adams led federalists while Jefferson represented the democrats. Hence the concept of being “Jeffersonian” stems from, denoting the quality of demanding independence and the minimum control from the central government. Revolving around the basic idea of the American Revolution, it is a crucial element of U.S. history. As for the cause of the War of 1812, the conflict between the American expansion and the interests of Britain should be mentioned, as well as the fact that France was willing to trade with America yet was at daggers with Britain. At that time, the concept of American patriotism was being born. Federalists were pro-British while Democrats were pro-French as far as foreign affairs were concerned (O’Neil and Benn 11–40).
O’Neil, Robert and Carl Benn. The War of 1812: The Fight for American Trade Rights. New York, NY: The Rosen Publishing Group. 2011. Print.