Home > Free Essays > History > United States > Franklin Roosevelt and The New Deal

Franklin Roosevelt and The New Deal Presentation

Exclusively available on IvyPanda Available only on IvyPanda
Updated: Aug 27th, 2022

The New Deal

  • Was initiated by Franklin Delano Roosevelt;
  • He was the 32nd president of the United States;
  • He governed from 1933 to 1938;
  • His administration inherited the devastation of the great Depression;
  • The great depression commenced in 1929 with the stock market collapse.
The New Deal
Franklin Delano Roosevelt-The New Deal President- Born 30th Jan 1882-Died April 12 1945
Franklin Delano Roosevelt-The New Deal President- Born 30th Jan 1882-Died April 12 1945

Economic Objectives of the New Deal

The strengthening of the economy though:

  • The empowerment of the American people;
  • Dealing with the devastation of the great depression through immediate relief;
  • Supporting workers;
  • Boosting agriculture;
  • Boosting the production of electrical power;
  • The generation of jobs for the people;
  • Encouraging spending so as to stir up the economy;
  • Prevent bank panic;
  • Restore stock market confidence;
  • Protect American industries from total collapse;
  • Uphold the emerging economic authority of the United States.
Economic Objectives of the New Deal Economic Objectives of the New Deal

The ills the New Deal Sought to Heal

The ills the New Deal Sought to Heal…Dorothea Lange’s Migrant mother photograph during the great Depression
Dorothea Lange’s Migrant mother photograph during the great Depression
Joblessness
Joblessness
Joblessness
Joblessness
Life was Even Worse for the recently Freed Slaves…After long periods in slavery while the rest had freedom, FDR understood why African Americans were poor. They had been denied freedom and not because they were unable.
Life was Even Worse for the recently Freed Slaves…After long periods in slavery while the rest had freedom, FDR understood why African Americans were poor. They had been denied freedom and not because they were unable.
The Poverty was Eye Catching
The Poverty was Eye Catching
The New Deal President Had to Deal with This too
The New Deal President Had to Deal with This too

The Strategy Identified To deal with The Economic Concerns of the Time

Putting cash in the pockets of Americans (The Equivalent of President Bush and President Obama’s Stimulus Package).

Government funding for massive projects in various areas such as electric energy, water and irrigation, and industry in general.

Direct support for workers, professionals and farmers.

The Strategy Identified To deal with The Economic Concerns of the Time

Twelve Major New Deal programs

  • Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA);
  • Public Works Administration (PWA);
  • Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA);
  • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA);
  • Civilian Conservation Corp (CCC);
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC);
  • National Recovery Administration (NRA);
  • Works Progress Administration (WPA);
  • Rural Electrification Administration (REA);
  • National Youth Administration (NYA);
  • Wagner Act;
  • Social Security Act.
Twelve Major New Deal programs

Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)

Was created as the Emergency Relief Administration in 1932 by President Herbert Hoover.

It was given the new name under president Roosevelt in 1933 .

The purpose was to give grants to states to help women start self help projects.

It was replaced by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in 1935. which also ended in 1943.

Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)

Civilian Conservation Corp (CCC)

  • This was established in the 31st of March 1933.
  • This was FDR’s first month in office.
  • The CCC provided work opportunities mainly for unskilled youth.
  • The major work was construction of buildings and working in national parks.
  • The program ended on the 30th of June 1943.
Civilian Conservation Corp (CCC)

Works Progress Administration (WPA)

It replaced the federal Emergency Relief Administration in 1935 (Taylor 21).

The aim was to create jobs for the people (Taylor 20).

By the time it was ended in 1943,close to eight million jobs had been created by the WPA.

Works Progress Administration (WPA)

Public Works Administration (PWA)

  • Created in response to the great Depression in 1933 by the National Industrial Recovery Act.
  • It concentrated on heavy spending in public works such as bridges and roads so as to trigger industrial growth.
  • It ended in 1939.
  • Below: Fort Peck –Montana, one of the largest dams in the planet resulted from PWA.
Public Works Administration (PWA)

Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)

  • Created in 1933 to pay farmers to produce less and raise crop value.
  • Was amended in 1938 to include new changes that outlawed taxing crop processors.
  • The agency still exists.
Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA)

Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

  • Created on the 18th of May 1933.
  • Main objective was to control flooding along the Tennessee River and generate electric power.
  • The project still exists.
  • Below: Wilson Dam-First to be built under the TVA.
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

  • Established in 1933.
  • Aim was to provide security for deposits for member banks.
  • It still exists for the same purpose.
  • More duties include supervision of certain financial institutions.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

The Wagner Act

  • Enacted in 1935 under the sponsorship of Senator Wagner. It is also called the National Labor Relations Act.
  • It was formed to protect workers on private firms from being mistreated.
  • It was amended in 1947 and it still exists.
  • Below: FDR sings the Wagner Act 19 1935.
The Wagner Act

The Social Security Act

  • Enacted in 1935 with the aim of protecting the old, needy families, the disabled and the unemployed.
  • It has been amended but it basically remains the same. Medicare and Medicaid are part of the act currently.
  • It still exists.
  • Below: First beneficiary of Social Security-Ida Fuller.
The Social Security Act

The National Recovery Administration (NRA)

  • Formed in 1933.
  • Declared unconstitutional in 1935 by the US Supreme Court.
  • It died in 1935, but most of its provisions reappeared in the Wagner Act.
  • Below: First NRA Director, Mr. Hugh Johnson.
The National Recovery Administration (NRA)

National Youth Administration (NYA)

  • Formed as part of the WPA in 1935.
  • It’s aim was to offer work study programs for high school and college students.
  • It died in 1943.
  • Below: NYA Guidance session.
National Youth Administration (NYA)

Rural Electrification Administration (REA)

Was created by an executive order in 1935 by FDR and approved by the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (Brown 19).

The aim was to spearhead the electrification process of rural America (Brown 34).

It worked hand in hand with TVA and other New Deal Job creation ideas and achieved massive success. It was abolished in 1994 and its place was taken by the Rural Utilities Service.

Rural Electrification Administration (REA)

Works Cited

Brown, Deward. Electricity for Rural America: The Fight for the REA (Contributions in Economics and Economic History).New York: Greenwood Press,1980.Print.

Taylor, David . Soul of a People: The WPA Writers’ Project Uncovers Depression America New York: Wiley & Sons, 2009.Print.

www.en.wikipedia.org

This presentation on Franklin Roosevelt and The New Deal was written and submitted by your fellow student. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly.
Removal Request
If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda.
Request the removal

Need a custom Presentation sample written from scratch by
professional specifically for you?

801 certified writers online

Cite This paper
Select a referencing style:

Reference

IvyPanda. (2022, August 27). Franklin Roosevelt and The New Deal. https://ivypanda.com/essays/franklin-roosevelt-and-the-new-deal/

Reference

IvyPanda. (2022, August 27). Franklin Roosevelt and The New Deal. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/franklin-roosevelt-and-the-new-deal/

Work Cited

"Franklin Roosevelt and The New Deal." IvyPanda, 27 Aug. 2022, ivypanda.com/essays/franklin-roosevelt-and-the-new-deal/.

1. IvyPanda. "Franklin Roosevelt and The New Deal." August 27, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/franklin-roosevelt-and-the-new-deal/.


Bibliography


IvyPanda. "Franklin Roosevelt and The New Deal." August 27, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/franklin-roosevelt-and-the-new-deal/.

References

IvyPanda. 2022. "Franklin Roosevelt and The New Deal." August 27, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/franklin-roosevelt-and-the-new-deal/.

References

IvyPanda. (2022) 'Franklin Roosevelt and The New Deal'. 27 August.

Powered by CiteTotal, paper citation generator
More related papers