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Globalization is an international integration of various aspects such as economic, advancement of technology, culture, and political influence of individual countries into a one single society. For a long period, globalization has changed the world outlook into a positive way. It has been a long journey for globalization to be what it is today. The process has taken five centuries, and five major stages for it to develop (Mabogunje, 2002).
This research paper will focus on how globalization has affected various sectors like food industry, trading, education, and the information technology in the developing nations. Although globalization has been associated with a positive move internationally like advancement of technology, there are other shortcomings associated with it like poor eating habits. Globalization has made positive moves in most of the sectors, although it also came with some shortcomings that are outweighed by its benefits.
Trading and commerce
In most of the developing nations, the level of trading has been very disadvantaged due to limitations of some key aspects of commerce like the infrastructure and other trade barriers. Through globalization, an increment of worldwide markets have been noted, where the developing countries can now access the foreign goods and services (Mabogunje, 2002).
The major benefit enjoyed by the developing nations is the capability to import the raw materials from the industrially developed countries, to facilitate the production of goods required in the country. Through the eradication of various barriers of trade, the finally processed goods can be exported in other nations to earn the country some income.
This expansion of trade in the developing nations has also resulted to creation of more employment opportunities for the youth hence reducing the idleness that brings about crimes. Within the last fifty years, there is a great improvement in the movement of the goods and services both inside and among various nations.
The international trade has developed rapidly through the efforts of globalization (Mabogunje, 2002). Another facilitator of trade in the developing countries is the impact of globalization on the financial sectors. These countries can now have access to funds through asking for loans from other countries. This was noted through the improvement of national currencies trade, which was meant to support the growing levels of trade and investment.
Eating habits and industries
Globalization in the developing nations has come up with bad eating habits due to easy exportation of foods that increases the caloric intake, without much activities of burning those calories (Hastings, Thiel, & Dana, 2003). Through the research done by specialists, it has proved that in some of developing nations, there is a higher rate of people suffering from obesity than in the United States.
For instance, there are increased cases of diabetes in china and India every year than any other developing nations. Through globalization, the advanced technology has resulted to too much food undergoing processes through which much of their nutrients value is taken out. As a result, their contents of calories increases and affects human when consumed.
Traditionally, the home cooked noodles were processed from whole grains by bare hands in china. Currently, the people who prepare the noodles prepare it in factories, whereby the flour is refined discarding much of the nutrients like fibers and minerals.
The flour that is remained to prepare noodles is a mere carbohydrate that is easily converted by the body into fats, making the body more susceptible to serious diseases like diabetes (Hastings, Thiel, & Dana, 2003). Another change that has come with globalization in the developing nations is the cooking oils. When used in moderation, cooking oils is very healthy but when applied in excess, it turns to be dangerous to the human health.
During 1960s, westerners and some of the developing countries discovered that the use of vegetable oils as a cheaper alternative compared with the butter. Due to cheap extraction of oil from the vegetables, the oil becomes so cheap to an extent of being misused in countries like India.
In other developing nations, people make use of the cheap oils to add flavor to their foods hence using it in excess (Hastings, Thiel, & Dana, 2003). Sugar is another result of globalization that has imposed threat to human health. According to Barry, one of the professors in nutrition at North Carolina University said that the consumption of sugar in the developing countries has increased by more than 300 calories per day, compared to 20 years ago.
Education and knowledge sharing
All sort of people globally including scholars and philosophers have discussed the impacts of globalization to education. Throughout these discussions, some people have accepted, while others have tried to understand the true notion about the theory. People who have experienced the impact of globalization on education have completely accepted, as they know all the progressive changes seen in cultural aspects and in education are because of globalization (Sinagatullin, 2006).
In the developing nations, the aspect of education and the processes of child development are greatly facilitated by globalization. Some of the ways through which education has benefitted in the developing nations is through advanced and easy ways of disseminating information and knowledge to the learners.
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The availability of digitized information and use of virtual objects in the learning process has improved the level of education a great deal. The integration of issues among nations has resulted to the easy spread of English language, which is a crucial tool in education, especially for international interaction. The process of learning has incorporated global ideas and international system of education that has added much value to the education in most of the developing nations (Sinagatullin, 2006).
Another facilitator of education in the developing nations is the provision of long distance learning an impact of globalization, as various ways through which learners can access the required information are made available. Through the internet services scholars are able to do extra courses and advance in their careers. Developing nations are also benefitting from exchange programs from the developed nations, as a way of adding value of education in those nations.
In conclusion, through globalization the poverty levels in the developing nations has reduced as more and more job opportunities are created. Through sharing of various aspects of life like technology, wealth, and promoted understanding among different societies, the peace in the world has also increased (Knickerbocker, 2004).
The life expectancy rate in the developing nations has also increased, and various nations have gotten a chance to enjoy an open communication and better understanding with other nations. The competition among nations has also increased, as nations are striving to outshine their counterparts.
To some extent, some nations are finding it hard to cope up with the high demands of globalization, and that is the reason why both the developing and the underdeveloped nations are taken over by the developed nations. Through the adopting the changes of globalization, the world will be much healthier, and the earth will continue becoming smaller and smaller, as people move closer to one another.
Hastings, M., Thiel, S., & Dana, T. (2003). The deadly Noodle. Newsweek , 169.
Knickerbocker, B. (2004). If poor Get Richer, Does World See Progress. Christian Science Monitor , 171-172.
Mabogunje, A. (2002). Poverty & Environmental Degradation. Environment , 176-177.
Sinagatullin, I. (2006). The impact of globalization on education. New York: Nova Science Publishers.