Renewable energy technologies now have become representatives of a common source of energy. The benefits of using this measure are unrivaled due to its environmentally friendly origin and reduction of resource usage. Over the past decade, the renewable energy distribution has expanded tremendously, thus inducing growth in all sectors. The presented report not only draws attention to the relevance of water, energy, and food nexus links, but also to a role of renewable energy in these sectors.
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Moreover, it discusses several topics such as the feasibility of solar power on the territory of the Middle East, the issues of energy consuming in the countries that produce oil, solar-led green development in MENA, the importance of the supportable energy, etc. (Green growth, 2015). Some of the renewable energy resources (solar, tidal and wind) are already accessible without special fuel processing; others, however, could require water inputs according to the feedstock production. Nevertheless, renewable energy technologies undoubtedly are the future of manufacturing, if taking all risks into consideration.
In one of the sections, the report mentions IRENA as the source of the issue resolution. IRENA is short for the International Renewable Energy Agency, an organization that provides guidance to countries in switching to the viable energy sources. Moreover, the purpose of this unrivaled agency is to provide necessary information on a subject, such as data about renewable energy, best practice material, advice about financial mechanisms, etc.
Developing countries have high needs for access to food, water, and energy supplies, demands for which is growing as the country flourishes. These needs may also vary with climate, thus efficient adaptation to these changes oblige to the effective utilization of resources. IRENA helps to coordinate endeavors in minimizing compromises and enlarging synergies in the usage of water, energy, land and other fundamental resources.
By the year 2050, the demand for water and other resources of our planet will double, according to forecasts. It has become a worldwide problem to handle this almost sudden dash of supplications in order to overcome the growing pressure. This issue within the limits of natural resources and virtually unpredictable changes in climate requires the rethinking of the way the world consumes and converts energy regarding food and water category. Up to this day, the awareness of the position of the renewable energy in the nexus was extremely finite and scattered.
The report provided by a Quarterly Journal for Debating Energy Issues and Policies was meant to shed the light on the synergy of renewables and the key sectors of the nexus, such as water and food. The research was based on not only global instances but also country-sized cases to specify how the renewable energy, the matter of the study, is able to focus on the trade-offs and prevent the irrational and erroneous use of water, food and energy.
Awareness of the risks in the energy-food nexus and its synergies leads to a conclusion that pursuing the security goals of this dimension has to affect both food and energy sectors simultaneously.
The energy sector is already going through significant changes, which involve the implementation of renewable energy technologies. Moreover, more than half countries have already developed concepts of managing the integrated water resources. As for the remaining regions, they are on the last steps of the fulfillment of the program.
The food sector is undergoing through changes as well: more sustainable and efficient measures have been taken. Agro-ecosystems are an advanced integrated agricultural practice, which is believed to improve the work quality of the sector. Nonetheless, despite all positive innovations and modifications, some challenges are left.
Green growth in the Middle East and North Africa. (2015). Retrieved from https://www.oxfordenergy.org/wpcms/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/OEF-102.pdf