Since the1980’s, physicians have been looking for a cure to HIV-AIDs; people have been suffering from the disease with the medics offering little hope of getting a cure. The much that physicians have done is to develop medication to reduce the effects of the disease; the major challenge hindering the development of a cure is the different shapes that the virus takes when exposed to medication (Stolley & Glass, 2009).
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Dimension of the problem
A person who is suffering the disease or is infected by the H.I.V. virus is at the risk of developing AIDS; The virus is transmitted when body fluids of an invested person encounter those of an uninfected person. Once the virus gets into the body, it manifests and multiplies itself when hiding in the blood cells.
The cells in the body that it attaches to are the white blood cell; the white blood cells forms the human immune systems, thus when attacked and overdone by the virus, then the body can hardly fight other diseases. It has been argued that HIV-AID’s is not a disease by itself however it fights the body defence mechanism giving opportunistic diseases a chance to invade an infected person- the optimistic diseases are the ones that kill.
Before the virus can be detected in the body system, it stays for at least three months. A.I.D.S. on the hand is the final stages of H.I.V., when the virus has “blown out” and having affected the white blood cells to a point that they cannot protect the body any more, optimistic diseases take advantage and affect the person. At this, stage the optimistic diseases that may be tuberculosis or pneumonia, they infect the body and since the body immune system is weak, it cannot fight the infections and the most probable resultant is death.
The following are the stages that H.I.V. undergoes through until it becomes AIDS,
- Stage 1. H.I.V. infection
This occurs 4-12 weeks after the infection of the virus; it is defined with short flu like episodes and some of the lymph glands
- Stage 2;
Minor symptomatic phase 3-7 years after infection
- Stage 3:
Severe HIV related complex (disease) this is the AIDS stage.
There are different way through which the disease is transmitted, they include:
Sexual intercourse; there are different modes of sexual intercourse that human beings interact in; they are heterosexual, homosexual and lesbianism. In all the above sexual intercourse, they involve the mixing of body fluids of the concerned parties. If one of them is having the virus, it is transmitted to the other one during this process. To prevent getting the disease through sexual intercourse, abstinence, faithfulness to ones partner and using condoms is encouraged
Blood transmission; in case of blood transmission, the blood of one person is given another, this is in medical situations, there has been circumstances where blood that is already invested with the disease is given to a patient, though this is a rare case, in case it happens the patient get the virus.
Parental transmission– this is when the child gets the virus from the parent when breast-feeding. Usage of countermined instruments or syringes, this happens when ones uses instruments that have already been used by a person who has the virus, this is common in drug users when they inject themselves the drugs that they are using; if one of them is contaminated he/she can transmit the virus to other during this period
When one is suffering from the disease, some of the symptoms that he posses include loss of appetite, Vomiting and diarrhoea. At the advance stages, other optimistic diseases infect the patient; they vary although the most common ones are Tuberculosis malaria and Pneumonia. Before one can be assured that, he is suffering from the disease, it is not enough to consider the above symptoms alone but consulting a doctor is crucial.
Type of evidence offered
The writer has structured the chapters with rich statistical, textual and historical information that traces the origin of the disease and how far the world has gone in the efforts of controlling it.
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Data representation and Idiosyncratic
The data has been presented in a simple straightforward manner, where the writer has formatted the chapters in a friendly structure with one idea leading to the other. The chapters are quite informative and well researched.
Can data be interpolated in a different way?
There are different ways of interpolating data, however the information that the writer want to pass in chapter one and two is to trace the diseases is real and there are a number of people suffering (Whiteside, 2008).
Physicians are working hard to get a cure for H.I.V.AIDs; however, their efforts have not bore fruits. Some drugs have been developed to boost human immune system and assist the white blood cells fight optimistic disease. The medications are called antiviral drugs (ARVs); they come in different shapes, patients are given the medication according to their state.
Stolley, K., & Glass, J.(2009). HIV/AIDS. California: ABC-CLIO.
Whiteside, A.(2008). HIV/AIDS: a very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.