In the globe we live in now, there are many kinds of electronic gadgets connected to the Internet are used (Grauer, Poatsy, Mulbery, Hulett, Krebs, & Mast, 2011). The World Wide Web platform helps people interact, work out, make contacts, and cooperate in all places. It also enables people to access infinite amount of knowledge, service offertories, as well as entertainment. The World Wide Web works regardless of geographical limits, time factor, or any language barrier. The gadgets are used within the home setups, business premises, school setups, through the phone gadgets, and in the libraries. This essay provides a discussion on the advances in information technology that led to new ethical issues necessitating the creation of the Children Internet Protection Act, 2000 as well as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act 1996.
We will write a custom Essay on Information Technology Acts: Data Communication specifically for you
301 certified writers online
The Children Internet Protection Act (CIPA)
Since schoolchildren have unlimited access to the Internet in many instances, there is a high chance that they get access to materials that are not appropriate for them. The Children Internet Protection Act refers to a federal legislation created by the United States congress to deal with the unease surrounding distasteful material coming from the internet. Making use of several technology protection checks, CIPA demands libraries in the public domain, as well as learning institutions to develop and fit content filters on their computer gadgets so as to bar children from surfing unwanted websites. Learning institutions must make sure that they develop a policy on internet safety and enforce it. This should also cover the use of gadgets which will filter and bar pervasive or pornographic content that is aimed at children. Everything that might affect young children has to be taken into consideration and dealt with effectively. The main goal of CIPA is to safeguard children from the perils lurking around the internet use. It is hence imperative to observe that technology protection is used in place within a school setup to protect children away from inappropriate information.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
Infrastructures of data communication are transforming the manner in which health information, as well as health care is offered and accessed. Individuals making use of tools like the internet for health related issues have to cooperate to come up with an environment which is safe, and improve the internet’s value for satisfying the needs in health care. Since health related information and offertories carry the potential to enhance good health or do harm, firms and people who offer health services through the internet have a duty to remain truthful, offer content that is of high quality, safeguards the privacy of all users, and follows strictly all the measures of appropriate practices for healthcare service delivery. Individuals who make use of the healthcare telecommunications infrastructure have a mutual mandate to uphold expected values as well as honor all information through sound judgment in utilizing healthcare website’s offertories.
The development of networking technologies has assisted firms in offering improved services, greater reach to information, and heightened levels of accessibility for both, the providers of services and the consumers. Whilst many other industries have followed technologies which internetwork, others have failed in this bid owing to the innate intricacies of their particular businesses (Rainer & Cegielski, 2011). Health care is a very good example of this. In health care, too much documents are used. It has hence gone through pertinent difficulties in transforming to the almost paperless situation which other businesses attempt to attain through technologies which network. What is more, health care firms operate with delicate data like the information of patients which ought to be confidential. With this in mind, healthcare firms have to be much concerned about the privacy issues, as well as safety risks associated with transforming into electronic infrastructure.
It is with the ethical issues surrounding privacy of information that any individual looking for healthcare services is empowered to demand that firms and people who offer such services adhere to known guiding principles. If there is no confidence, people will not divulge information as required and this may affect the quality of care that they will receive in the end. Health data also includes what is needed for remaining in a perfect physical state and for averting and controlling disease. This can also have information for arriving at decisions on health offertories which may be in form of data, text, audio, and video. Improved health data can also be availed by programming as well as interactivity. Proper health management in a technology oriented world involves constant storage as well as possible diffusion of information related to health through data communication networks. Such scenarios have the possibility to put into compromise the security as well as privacy of information held on such networks. Such issues are what HIPAA was designed to address.
Grauer, R. T., Poatsy, M. A., Mulbery, K., Hulett, M., Krebs, C., & Mast, K. (2011). Microsoft Office 2010. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Rainer, R. K. & Cegielski, C. G. (2011). Introduction to Information Systems: Supporting And Transforming Business (3rd Ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.