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Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) is an application involving the utilization of synergistic technologies and systems engineering ideas in developing and improving different transportation systems. The ITS group takes part in advancing the abstract, experimental, and operational aspects of Information Technologies. It also incorporates experimental and operational aspects in Electrical Engineering. The key role of ITS society is to improve different transportation systems.
ITS address the problems associated with road safety, environmental pollution, and traffic congestion. They do these by enabling components within the transportation system such as vehicles, traffic lights, and message signs to become smart. These technologies further achieve their goals by implanting sensors and microchips in constructed objects that conversed through wireless technologies. The technologies behind Intelligent Transport Systems include satellite location used in routing systems. (Ezell 2)
These systems use wireless communication systems for safety applications. ITS technology provides people with dependable and actual-time traffic information for appropriate route planning hence, helping them avoid holdups caused by traffic jams. The systems also sense changes in road status and send impulse messages that provide progressive indication warnings to road users. (Ezell 10).
Current initiatives of intelligent transportation systems
Clarus initiative established in 2004 by the U.S. transportation department in conjunction with the ITS technology aided in reducing the impacts of unfavorable weather conditions on road users. This initiative aimed to create a strong data incorporation, quality checking, and data spreading system. With these, ITS technology aided in taking exact-time atmospheric and street observations from mobile surveillance automated trucks and environmental sensor stations. (RITA: Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office).
In 2011, Mazda Company in Japan associated with ITS incorporated ample measures for protection of its automotive society from traffic congestion, and reduction of accident cases. Japan expounded this by building ITS system throughout its highway. The system currently provides an extensive range of information, including images and traffic information with large vehicles moving at a high speed. The signals produced convey a message between the car steering system and the ITS specks on the road infrastructure. (RITA: Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office). Europe also in 2008, deployed ITS in-road transport to reduce the rates of accidents. It also took it as a concrete measure towards reducing congestion on roads.
Relation of robot project to ITS technology
The construction of the robot involved the use of sensors and microchips, accessories also used in ITS technology. The role of the sensors in the robot was to detect obstacles and red light on the road. ITS technology incorporates sensors in objects and highways to detect ground vibrations. The microchips in the robot enhanced communication from the computer control system. In ITS technology, the microchips sanctioned in the constructed objects enact communication. The constructed robot had wireless networks for efficacy in movement in the streets and easy management from the control center. ITS technology on the other side used also wireless technology for communication and passage of applications safely.
The designing of the robot for the project incorporated technologies imposed by ITS technology, and it carried out almost same roles carried by ITS technology. For instance, the robot had the ability of detecting danger from a distance, the role plaid by the ITS technology in detecting harmful vibrations. Just as ITS technology, the robot construction, involved a technology that recorded places. During its movement, the robot recorded distance covered, an act like an activity carried out by the ITS technology in calculating the distance from land vibrations. The constructed robot detected difference in colors and stopped when it came across red color an act incorporated in highways by the ITS.
Ezell, Stephen 2010, Intelligent Transportation Systems. PDF file. 2012.
RITA: Intelligent Transportation Systems Joint Program Office. Web. 2012.