The world systems approach, firstly introduced by sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein, is an attitude towards world history and societal alteration, which implies that there is a worldwide economic scheme, where certain nations have numerous advantages while the rest of countries are oppressed. For instance, a person is not able to comprehend a behavior and performance of another person without orientation on their environs, practices, and philosophy; therefore, a country’s fiscal scheme cannot be assumed without orientation on the world organization the given countries are an element of.
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There are several key features of this approach. First of all, the world systems theory is recognized as a three-stage order that consists of the core, periphery, and semi-periphery zones (). Secondly, the core nations control and use the peripheral countries in their own interests, for example, for employment and raw resources. As a result, the outlying nations are reliant on core countries for wealth and money. Moreover, the semi-peripheral nations are a sequence of both core and peripheral regions (Dollar 81). This world systems theory highlights the social construction of international discrimination.
Core nations are leading industrial countries that use peripheral countries for employment, workforce and raw resources (Anderson and Taylor 254). They are robust in soldierly power and are not contingent on any other state. They assist the securities of the economically influential countries; they are attentive to the higher abilities and capital-concentrated manufacture. Core countries are influential, and this influence provides them with an ability to pay less for raw materials and resources and use cheaper workforce, which continuously strengthens the inadequate position between the core and peripheral nations (Shannon 62).
Periphery states appear to be on the other side of the economy. These states do not have a resilient dominant administration and may be organized by other countries. Moreover, these states transfer raw resources and workforce to the core countries and do not have any developed manufacturing. These states have low-proficiency, work-concentrated manufacture, or, in other words, cheap labor as well. Periphery states are usually mentioned as third-world states (Kaplan, Wheeler, and Holloway 56).
The Statecraft simulated world is represented by six disparate countries, where each country has its own supplies, resources, political direction, economy and the stage of advancement. In order to evaluate the possible position of each country, we have to grade, classify and establish the most applicable factors, such as the available resources, the governmental system and political approach, the durability and the protection of other countries in the Statecraft simulated world, and the distribution of political forces within the framework of the existing world.
In the Statecraft simulator, the core countries are Panam, Boomerang Island, Mordor, and JAP-N. These countries have considerable not only military but industrial and labor expenses; moreover, they have a strong support of the other countries in the simulated world. The periphery states of the simulated world are Jupiter and Rordudordu. These states do not possess many raw resources and materials; they are dependent on the core countries. Despite the fact that Rordudordu is trying to develop scientifically, it yet failed to achieve the level of core countries.
The attack on the Sapphire Island would give the attacking country the opportunity to obtain not only the additional territory but also the resources of the territory. The core countries would want to establish an extra military base on the territory of the island if the given core country is aggressively adjusted. The attack on the weaker countries would supply the core nations with cheap and even free workforce and limitless resources of the given periphery country.
This practice and rules of obtaining the worldwide peace or at least the welfares if global supremacy is observed in the real world as well. The first core region had been located in northwestern Europe and consisted of England, France, and Holland (O’Hara 39). Nowadays, the United States is a perfect instance of a core nation, as it possesses enormous sums of money, and its workforces are moderately well compensated. Moreover, the United States had infrequently in its times past more than a few lands under its government in the same manner as a colonial custody.
In Marx’s analysis of political economy and following Marxian examines, the capitalist manner of manufacture discusses the systems of establishing manufacture and supply between the capitalist civilizations. Isolated money-manufacture in numerous methods (for example, leasing, investment, mercantile trade, fabrication for income, etc.) goes before the expansion of the capitalist manner of manufacture as such. The capitalist manner of manufacture, founded on wage-labor and individual possession of the incomes of construction, and on industrial equipment, started to expand swiftly in Western Europe from the industrial revolution, well along spreading to rest of the planet. The Marxist view of international political economy reflects the progression of the first core countries, which were founded in northwestern Europe and consisted of England, France, and Holland. The capitalist manner of manufacture is categorized by “private ownership of the means of production, extraction of surplus value by the owning class for the purpose of capital accumulation, wage-based labor, and, at least as far as commodities are concerned, being market-based” (Grossman 6).
Anderson, Margaret, and Howard Taylor. Understanding a Diverse Society, Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company, 2007. Print.
Dollar, David. Globalization, Inequality, and Poverty since 1980, Boston, Massachusetts: Development Research Group, 2001. Print.
Grossman, Henryk 2006, Archive: Marx, Classical Political Economy and the Problem of Dynamics. Web.
Kaplan, David, James Wheeler, and James Holloway. Urban Geography. York, Pennsylvania: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2004. Print.
O’Hara, Phillip. Encyclopedia of Political Economy, London. Great Britain: T & F Books, 2009. Print.
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Shannon, Thomas. An Introduction to the World-System Perspective, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 2006. Print.