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Also known as Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, ISIS is a self-proclaimed state that is often viewed as an extremist organization (Jones, 2014). Despite the fact that the idea behind ISIS, i.e., the unity of the Muslim states, may be viewed as positive, the effects, which the current territorial policy adopted by ISIS has led to, call for drastic measures to be taken.
ISIS and the Global Conflict
According to the official statement made by ISIS the organization in question aims at not only being recognized as an independent state, but also to unite Muslims all over the world by taking them under its wing, as well as to take control over the regions, where Muslim people currently live.
ISIS is a stellar example of a positive concept being pushed to its logical extreme and, thus, being turned into a disturbingly ugly idea. While the concept of togetherness and the reconciliation of Muslim people living in different corners of the world can be viewed as a generally positive phenomenon, the totalitarian control, which goes with this reconciliation hand in hand, is obviously a step backwards in the political evolution of the states that ISIS consists of.
Among the key geopolitical changes, which the creation of ISIS triggers, the unity of the states that have been incorporated into the organization should be mentioned first. On the one hand, the cooperation of such powerful states may mean that ISIS is going to empower the states that it consists of for a further geopolitical evolution and the strengthening of their territorial unity; on the other hand, the very fact that separate states have been integrated into a single conglomerate presupposes that the premises for a range of national conflicts, not to mention political concerns, will be created; as a result, the current territorial claims of ISIS will most likely lead to an unceasing conflict between the proponents of the unification of the states and their opponents.
The fact that ISIS is going to get hold of the Iraqi governorates, as well as a range of provinces, including Baghdad, Kirkuk, Salah Al-Din, Babil, Hama, Idlib, l Badiya, etc. (Chulov & Hawramy, 2014), shows in a very graphic manner that the aggressive policy, which it has chosen as its key strategy, leads to deplorable results.
To be more exact, the members of ISIS use the weaknesses of the governments in the states that they plan to capture in order to add these states to the ISIS area without any concerns for the possible political, ethnic or cultural conflicts, which such unification may possibly trigger (Russell, 2014). As a result, while territorially, ISIS can be viewed as an extremely strong and powerful organization, politically, it is torn apart because of the conflicts within the very coalition.
Moreover, the international conflict that ensues from the actions carried out by ISIS must be mentioned. The manner, in which the organization claims its new territories, goes against the basic democratic principles, which are currently accepted in the global community; as a result, the organization is viewed as a terroristic one.
Hence, the states, which are currently included in ISIS, are in a temporary conflict with the global community. The trade relationships having been disrupted and the military forces of Europe and the USA opposing the ISIS members, the organization has clearly contributed to the development of an international military conflict and is most likely to cause an even greater split between the residents of the areas, which have been captured and integrated into ISIS.
Despite the ambiguity surrounding the very concept of ISIS, the fact that it poses a palpable threat to the rest of the world is obvious. Unless the organization ceases to exist and releases the states and territories, which it has seized under its control, a major political conflict is unavoidable. A major threat to the wellbeing of the entire world, ISIS is an issue that needs to be addressed urgently.
Chulov, M. & Hawramy, F. (2014). Martin Chulov in Baghdad, and Fazel Iraqi Kurds strengthen their positions while Isis advances on Baghdad in Irbil. Guardian. Web.
Jones, S. G. (2014). A persistent threat: The evolution of Al Qa’ida and other Salafi Jihadists. Washington, DC: Rand Corporation.
Russell, M. (2014). The Middle East and South Asia. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.