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Issues of Information Security in Aviation Report (Assessment)

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Updated: Dec 23rd, 2020


Information security has turned out to be a very crucial aspect of the aviation sector. Furthermore, transborder regulations, including Safe Harbor and OECD, play an important part in fostering the security of information in the field of aviation. Safe Harbor regulations provide a description of the existing different payments and practices. Even though such a role violates the Federal anti-kickback statute, it is not considered a criminal offense.

The OECD monitors the extent to which information and communications technologies (ICTs) influence the sustainability of economic growth and people’s social well-being in the modern world. As a result, this paper finds it crucial to investigate various laws and enforcement efforts that influence data communications and information security in the aviation sector.

Best Practices Concerning How Different Aspects of Laws and Compliance Affect the Aviation Industry Regarding Data Communications

The area of data communications focuses on ensuring information security in this industry. Particularly, the available data communications programs emphasize the need for providing services that enhance interactions between air traffic controllers and pilots. Such data communications services facilitate the issuance of clearances, instructions, the management of traffic flows, and flight crew requests as well as reports (Federal Aviation Administration, 2017). Various rules and regulations established by agencies such as the FAA support the adoption of best practices that foster the implementation of data communications in the aviation sector.

The existing policies demand the implementation of various ICTs, which help to facilitate the sharing of data in the aviation sector thereby enhancing digital communications between pilots and air traffic controllers (Federal Aviation Administration, 2017). Embracing data communications safety is another best practice influenced by aviation laws and regulations such as Safe Harbor.

For instance, laws and regulations provided by the U.S. and EU agencies in the aviation sector underscore the need for adopting a culture of information security in aircraft operations and management practices. Moreover, the documentation of internal communications safety standards is a practice influenced by the existing laws and regulations. These policies encourage companies in the aviation industry to comply with principles that have been established to govern data communications.

The Impact of Air Transport Regulatory Compliance on Security Controls

Compliance with air transport regulations influences various aspects of security controls such as personnel safety, media protection, and physical defense. The National Airspace System (NAS) has called for the establishment of frameworks that focus on protecting crew and ground personnel (Park, Khadilkar, Balakrishnan, & Tomlin, 2014). In addition to prioritizing the safety of passengers, air transport regulations require industry participants to have measures that guarantee personnel protection (Wong & Brooks, 2015). Companies that abide by the aviation industry’s regulations are protected from security risks associated with diverse media platforms.

News agencies have become major avenues used by attackers who seek to undermine the operations of a given company in the aviation business. Consequently, complying with media-related laws and regulations reduces the vulnerability of such companies to security issues.

Moreover, conformity to regulations in the air transport sector determines the extent of physical safety. For instance, it facilitates the establishment of measures geared towards mitigating and reducing hazards that may result in physical damages (Graham, 2013). Therefore, air transport regulations go a long way in influencing various categories of security controls by encouraging aviation stakeholders to observe the laid-down data communications security policies.

The Application of Transborder Enforcements to Ensure the Safety of Critical Inventory Items

Transborder enforcements, including Safe Harbor and the OECD, enhance the safety of various crucial inventory items in the aviation sector. According to Wong and Brooks (2015), Safe Harbor regulations protect vital data relating to the U.S. and the EU’s aviation industries. For example, Safe Harbor requires America and the EU’s air transport service providers to put in place measures that prevent the breaching of personnel and passengers’ information (Kuner, 2011).

In addition, Safe Harbor regulations demand companies in the United States to secure the data of the European Union’s citizens. Passengers’ information is a critical inventory item that should be protected from invasion or any unregulated disclosures.

The OECD also safeguards the privacy of individuals in a world characterized by significant digitalization (Kuner, 2011). For example, the OECD’s Data Protection and Privacy clause requires each company in the aviation sector to adopt secure information systems, which help to protect critical data across borders. Similar to Safe Harbor, the OECD emphasizes the idea of safeguarding data as an important inventory item.

Moreover, the OECD encourages air transport companies around the globe to embrace ICTs such as data communications to reduce operational errors, thus enhancing safety (Kuner, 2011). For example, the application of data communications, which is a compliance requirement provided for by the OECD in the current air transport sector, helps to ensure reduced operational faults arising from the use of voice communication. Overall, observing OECD safety regulations in the air transport industry is a critical approach to reinforcing various security controls established in this industry.


In the aviation sector, the OECD and Safe Harbor’s transborder information security regulations play a crucial role in mitigating information management inefficiencies. The adoption of ICTs in the air transport industry has resulted in the application of data communications controls, which have greatly enhanced interactions between air traffic controllers and pilots. Such data safety measures have significantly reduced operational errors. Moreover, compliance with transborder data protection and privacy laws helps to safeguard critical inventory items such as aircraft, personnel, and passengers’ information.


Federal Aviation Administration. (2017). Data communications (data comm). Web.

Graham, A. (2013). Managing airports: An international perspective (4th ed.). Abingdon-on-Thames, England: Routledge.

Kuner, C. (2011). . Web.

Park, P., Khadilkar, H., Balakrishnan, H., & Tomlin, C. J. (2014). High confidence networked control for next generation air transportation systems. IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, 59(12), 3357-3372. Web.

Wong, S., & Brooks, N. (2015). Evolving risk-based security: A review of current issues and emerging trends impacting security screening in the aviation industry. Journal of Air Transport Management, 48, 60-64. Web.

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