Appadurai is quite categorical that the concept of modernity may be viewed both as a theory and fact. In terms of the theory, modernity can be described as a form of mass migration and electronic mediation. In other words, the electronic media has fashioned modernity in a completely different way compared to reality on the ground. The conventional media does not have any significant impact on society.
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Secondly, the theory of the rapture also perceives modernity as mass migration that has probably been caused by globalization. It implies that when people relocate from one place to another, they are likely to encounter new experiences that were not common in their native countries. As a result, these new encounters may compel them to think that there is a rapture of modernity. The author emphasizes that electronic mediation and mass migration have merely compelled the work of imagination since they create nothing new.
On the other hand, modernity can also be viewed as a fact. For instance, the modern world is currently witnessing myriads of powerful movements that are agitating for social change. Even ordinary people have the mandate of injecting powerful imaginations to others contrary to the days when powerful leaders forced their visions in social life. Besides, religion and politics have become integral institutions in shaping world peace and stability.
The theory of the rapture, as presented by the author is perhaps a major source of contention in the above post. While the media may have exaggerated the concept of modernity, it is pertinent to mention that the contemporary world has undergone myriads of actual transformations. For example, the emergence and heightened tension caused by acts of terror and the global economic meltdown are just some indications that we are no longer facing the 20th-century challenges alone. The rapid impacts of globalization and advances made in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) are just some examples of modernity.