In the given paper, the issue of psychological disorders is being addressed in reference to the ideas expressed in Chapter 11 “Psychological Disorders” in Carole Wade and Carol Tavris’s Invitation to Psychology (5th Ed.).
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Section I Textbook References: Psychological Disorders and Their Treatment
Chapter 1 What Is Psychology, Court Finds no Evidence in Linking Vaccine to Autism, MMR vaccine, 2.
Chapter 1. What Is Psychology, Avoid Emotional Reasoning, autistic children, vaccination, 3, 15, 16.
Chapter 1. What Is Psychology, Cautions about Correlations, vaccines, 23.
Chapter 3. Development over the Life Span, From Conception
through the First Year, Prenatal Development, bipolar, 74.
Chapter 9. Learning and Conditioning, Operant Conditioning in Real Life, social and language skills, 316.
Chapter 11, Psychological Disorders, Use of Dogs for Vets with PTSD Is Growing, therapy for children with autism, 404.
Chapter 11 Psychological Disorders, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, antisocial/psychopathic personality disorder, dissociative identity disorder, autism, 402–404.
Chapter 12, Approaches to Treatment and Therapy, Biological Treatments for Mental Disorders, antipsychotic drugs, neuroleptics, nonpsychotic disorders, depression, behavioral problems, problems of biological origins, attention deficit disorder, 406426.
Section II Discussion: Psychological Disorders as They Are Seen Today: A Current Research Analysis
Both the book and the article in question provide an extensive amount of information concerning psychological disorders, such as autism in both children and adults. However, there are still considerable differences concerning the way in which the material in each of the sources is represented.
First and foremost, it is necessary to mention that, unlike the book, the article offers a large variety of factors that might enhance the development of autism in children: “But while research is focusing very heavily on the genetic basis for autism, we have not yet identified either the specific genetic sites or the mechanisms of effect” (Schreibman para.1).
The book, on the contrary, offers little to no explanations as for where autism comes from, stating only that it has “biological origins” (Wade and Tavris 423).
In addition, while the book states that there are skill-training programs that can possibly help “autistic children how to behave appropriately” (Wade and Tavris 414), Schreibman states clearly that there is no cure for autism at present: “Unfortunately, we have no cure for autism” (Schreibman para.4).
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However, it is worth mentioning that the book and the article have number of common points concerning the issue of autism. For example, both the book and the article outline the key problems that the autistic children have, starting from the basic learning process and up to more complex social relationship issues.
In addition, it is noteworthy that the article, as well as the book, recognizes autism as a psychological disorder, even though the existence of the problem of autism has been questioned for quite long; according to some of the sources, children with autistic syndrome only have a different mindset. The given sources, however, prove this idea wrong.
Conclusion: There Is Still Much to be Done
Judging by the evidence provided in the article, the line between a psychological disorder and a peculiarity of a child’s development has not been drawn clearly yet. Blurring the line between a mental dysfunction and specifics of a child’s development, such phenomena as autism and ADHD pose a number of questions to the modern medicine; among the most crucial ones is the question concerning addressing the given disorders.
Learning the ways to approach autistic children and the children with ADHD as the patients that need a unique method of acquiring new skills, one can possibly develop the program that will allow the children with ADHD or an Asperger’s syndrome integrate into a modern society successfully, which the given book chapter and an independent research show.
Schreibman, Laura, 2012. Individualized Treatments Are Future of Autism Therapies, According to Psychologist. Web.
Carole Wade and Carol Tavris, Invitation to Psychology. 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2012. Print.