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Roman civilization or the Roman Empire existed for more than a thousand years in one form or another. Its political structure, religious structure, and territory often changed between 753 BC and 1453 AD, but it remained one of the most famous civilizations in history. This paper will describe the Roman civilization, some important moments in its history, and how it interacted with Islamic civilization.
Ancient Roman civilization was created on the Italian peninsula in the 8th century. It quickly grew its territory by using its military power and wealth. During its history, Roman civilization created many concepts and technologies that advanced the work of its government, artists, architects, writers, and how their society worked. Despite their use of warfare, they often incorporated elements of the conquered civilizations into the Roman way of life to make themselves stronger. Eventually, Rome became an empire and a series of long-lasting wars began to hurt the country.
Some of the most important parts of Roman history are related to the changes in the Roman government. The first roman republic was created in 509 BC when Lucius Junius Brutus deposed the last king of Rome and created a system based on people who were elected every year to represent different regions of the country. Later this system was destroyed by Caesar in 1 BC after he made himself the first Emperor of Rome. In later years, Rome became a Christian civilization split into two empires with a very divided society. Their military power remained strong, however.
Roman Civilization and Islamic Civilization
Muslim civilization interacted with the Roman civilization by borrowing such elements as military experience, agricultural technology, and architectural advancements. Both civilizations were at war with each other in different periods with Constantinople being conquered in the 15 century. In these lands, the message of Islam has spread afterward. Also, the science of the Islamic civilization was translated into Latin.
Roman civilization has a long history. Its interactions with the Muslim civilization were very important for the creation of the modern world. Muslim science and the message of Islam began to be much more famous after these interactions.